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# Senator Baker: My opponent, Candidate Rothmore, has called for increas

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Re: Senator Baker: My opponent, Candidate Rothmore, has called for increas [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
The following is an excerpt from a campaign speech.

Senator Baker: My opponent, Candidate Rothmore, has called for increased taxes to fund programs that help the long-term unemployed of the state. Such action would address an immediate symptom for a select group, without doing much to address the overall problems we all face. Only through lowering taxes can we stimulate the growth of small businesses, which will revitalize the state's whole economy. That, in turn, will result in greater prosperity and in more jobs, including jobs for those who have been unemployed for a while. Through lowering taxes, everyone wins, and those currently unemployed get the best help the economy can provide --- a real job.

In the argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first is a prediction about a recommendation the main argument opposes; the second is a conclusion drawn in order to support the main conclusion.

B) The first is evidence supporting the main argument; the second is the main conclusion.

C) The first is a prediction that, if accurate, would provide support for the main conclusion of the argument; the second is the main conclusion.

D) The first is an objection that the main argument rejects; the second is a claim advanced in support of the main conclusions of the argument.

E) The first is a conclusion drawn by Senator Baker's opponent; the second is Senator Baker's main conclusion.

OFFICIAL SOLUTION

The first bold statement is a gloomy prediction about what would happen under the opponent's (Candidate Rothmore's) plan. The second bold statement is a prediction about what would follow from Senator Baker's own plan. Both are predictions: the speaker oppose the first and valorizes the second. Baker's main conclusion is in the final sentence, not part of the bold text.

The credited answer is (A): The first is a prediction about Rothmore's plan, which Baker opposes. The second cited as a consequence of Baker's own plan, which in turn supports the main conclusion.

(B) is wrong: neither of the boldface sections could be called evidence.

(C) is wrong because the first bold statement does not support the main conclusion in any way. Also, the second bold statement, by itself, is not the main conclusion.

(D) is wrong because the first bold statement is not an objection.

(E) is tricky: technically, the first bold statement is probably not what Rothmore would conclude on his own. It's how Baker is characterizing (probably mischaracterizing) Rothmore's position. Opposing political candidates rare present each other's positions in a totally objected and even-handed manner. Also, the second bold statement, by itself, is not the main conclusion.
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Re: Senator Baker: My opponent, Candidate Rothmore, has called for increas [#permalink]
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Re: Senator Baker: My opponent, Candidate Rothmore, has called for increas [#permalink]
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