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# Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed

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Re: Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
IMO C as well and the reason for chosing C is very similar to as explained above.
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Re: Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
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My reason for writing "odd reasoning" was that we are talking about printed instruction manuals for the programs. How would printing the manual deter software piracy?? The software is as vulnerable as ever before no matter we have printed Instruction manuals or soft copies.
Hope am not missing on somethin too simple! :/
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Re: Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
I think ans is C.
We need to find reasons to backup the paper printed copies.
C best describes the answer choice

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Re: Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
Can anyone explain how piracy affects costs? I get that piracy affects profits, but doesn't the question literally state that the plan is to cut costs? I'm pretty sure I've seen similar questions that differentiate between costs and profits.
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Re: Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
RohitKalla wrote:
Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed cutting costs by distributing instruction manuals for their programs on computer disk only, so that computer users can refer to them on a computer screen rather than having to deal with unwieldy printed manuals that are costly for manufacturers to produce.

Which of the following, if true, provides the best reason against adopting the proposal described above?

(A) Most computer users are just as comfortable using instructions on a computer screen as they are using printed manuals. - Irrelevant Comparison
(B) Although instructions on a computer disk can be printed out cheaply using a computer printer, such printouts are less convenient to use than instructions displayed on a computer screen. - Irrelevant Comparison
(C) Because they are expensive and inconvenient to copy, printed instruction manuals provide one of the best deterrents against the illegal copying of software, which costs manufacturers enormous profits.
(D) Instructions supplied on a computer disk are more appropriate for business and educational programs than for computer games and other entertainment software. - Irrelevant Comparison
(E) Instructions supplied on a computer disk can be designed to provide more extensive and more easily utilized cross-references than those provided by printed manuals. - Irrelevant Comparison
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Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
Goal- Cutting Costs
Problem- Printed manuals are costly to produce.
Plan- Distribute instruction manuals(softcopy) for their programs on comp disk. Users can refer to manuals on a computer screen.

Gap- What if users cannot open software without reading manuals. I mean what if users don't even get to know how to get to software manuals.

Hello nightblade354 - How soft copy of manual may lead to illegal copying of software ?
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Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
Expert Reply
AliciaSierra wrote:
Goal- Cutting Costs
Problem- Printed manuals are costly to produce.
Plan- Distribute instruction manuals(softcopy) for their programs on comp disk. Users can refer to manuals on a computer screen.

Gap- What if users cannot open software without reading manuals. I mean what if users don't even get to know how to get to software manuals.

Hello nightblade354 - How soft copy of manual may lead to illegal copying of software ?

Hi AliciaSierra,

I think you misread the question. It has says that the hard copies are expensive, but we want to justify keeping them. In this case, we are told that hard copies are very "hard" to copy, thus saving the company money. How it is inconvenient to copy is something we do not care about. All we need to know is that we are given a good reason not to transition over to a CD.

Does this help?
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Re: Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
nightblade354,

I am sorry, I may need little more help here.

Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed cutting costs by distributing instruction manuals for their programs on computer disk only, so that computer users can refer to them on a computer screen rather than having to deal with unwieldy printed manuals that are costly for manufacturers to produce.

Let's take argument statement wise.

1. Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed cutting costs--How
2. By distributing instruction manuals for their programs on computer disk only--> impact-- computer users can refer to manuals on computer screen.
3. Then author says, by doing so computer users don't have to deal with unwieldy printed manuals. Unwieldy means- difficult to carry or move because of its size, shape, or weight, too big or badly organized to function efficiently etc.
4. Printed manuals are expensive to produce.

Question- Justify keeping hard copies manual.

Now option C says --Because they are expensive and inconvenient to copy, printed instruction manuals provide one of the best deterrents against the illegal copying of software, which costs manufacturers enormous profits.

I agree C is best answer among other options. Question here I am thinking how in real life soft copy manual will lead to software piracy. Really how ?
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Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
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AliciaSierra, there is the problem. We cannot bring real world thoughts into solving problems. The GMAT is a world that both does and doesn’t represent our world. We cannot assume anything. Ever. Unless it is incredibly basic (for example, the idea that humans need air to survive). Anything that isn't as basic as this thought cannot be assumed to help fulfill an answer choice.

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Re: Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
Cutting costs is a priority for program software makers and printing manuals is a big cost for them. So, they have planned to put their software in soft copy form in disks. So whosoever needs to refer to their manual can simply open the program in the disk.
Its a logical step the maker can take. But there should be more analysis and difficulties which he should have thought about, otherwise this plan might not work. What if the computer users don't prefer software versions of the manuals and plan to buy from some other maker. Its one scenario that came to my mind. Looking at options now:

1) This option has ruled out what I thought I could use as a against the strategy of the maker. It says users wont mind using software versions of the manual. This statement adds weight to the conclusion. So incorrect option.

2) The convenience of using printed versions is lesser than that of using software versions of the manuals. This adds weight to the conclusion and so is incorrect choice.

3) This option tells us about one major defect of software version and its remedy as offered by the printed manuals. Moreover, there is substantial loss involved if software version is used. This option goes against the conclusion, so might be the correct choice.

4) The comparison being made in this option does not lay stress on the relative benefits/ disadvantages between software and printed versions of the manual.The focus is not on the target point and hence this is not a correct choice.

5) This option again gives an advantage of software version over the printed version. Adds more weight to the conclusion. Hence , incorrect.

Correct answer should be choice C.
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Re: Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
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Re: Some manufacturers of computer software have proposed [#permalink]
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