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# The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a

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Re: The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a [#permalink]
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Re: The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a [#permalink]
can you please explain the first questions option
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Re: The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a [#permalink]
chrisgeo wrote:

JairajD wrote:
can you please explain the first questions option

Official Explanation

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to:

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

Paragraph 1
Introduce the idea: F.D.A. is reluctant to control the use of antibiotics in the meat industry

Paragraph 2
F.D.A. announces new ban that makes analysts critical of it

Paragraph 3
Cites reason for analysts’ criticism

Paragraph 4
Conclusion: If not supported by more substantial bans, the new move will be futile

(A) CORRECT: This is the re-word of what we predicted in the pre-thinking step.

(B) Only Partial Scope: This is not the sole purpose of the author to write this passage.

(C) Out of Scope: The author has not denounced the F.D.A. anywhere in the passage.

(D) Only Partial Scope: This can be understood only from the third paragraph.

(E) Only Partial Scope: This is mentioned only in the third paragraph.

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Re: The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a [#permalink]

Can you please post explanation to question 2 and 3
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Re: The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a [#permalink]
In Q2 how "very recently" coincides with 2010. There is no reference or hint in the passage establishing the relation.

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Re: The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a [#permalink]
Rickooreo wrote:

Can you please post explanation to question 2 and 3

thakurarun85 wrote:
In Q2 how "very recently" coincides with 2010. There is no reference or hint in the passage establishing the relation.

Official Explanation

2. According to the passage, which of the following happened in 2010?

Difficulty Level: 750

Explanation

(A) Out of Scope • This event did not take place in 2010.

(B) Opposite • The last line of third paragraph just says the opposite.

(C) CORRECT • This is the re-word of the information in the said paragraph.

(D) Inconsistent • More than 29 million pounds of antibiotics were used.

(E) Out of Scope • This event did not take place in 2010.

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Re: The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a [#permalink]
Rickooreo wrote:

Can you please post explanation to question 2 and 3

Official Explanation

3. Restricting use of a family of antibiotics that the meat industry does not rely upon for profits can be compared to:

Difficulty Level: 600-650

Explanation

(A) CORRECT • This is very similar to the example of cephalosporin where the FDA has banned a little used antibiotic but has done little to limit the use of other antibiotics.

(B) Opposite • It addresses the problem completely.

(C) Out of Scope • This choice presents a solution that leads to another problem.

(D) Out of Scope • This choice presents a solution that leads to another problem.

(E) Opposite • This choice presents effective solution.

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chrisgeo wrote:

JairajD wrote:
can you please explain the first questions option

Official Explanation

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to:

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

Paragraph 1
Introduce the idea: F.D.A. is reluctant to control the use of antibiotics in the meat industry

Paragraph 2
F.D.A. announces new ban that makes analysts critical of it

Paragraph 3
Cites reason for analysts’ criticism

Paragraph 4
Conclusion: If not supported by more substantial bans, the new move will be futile

(A) CORRECT: This is the re-word of what we predicted in the pre-thinking step.

(B) Only Partial Scope: This is not the sole purpose of the author to write this passage.

(C) Out of Scope: The author has not denounced the F.D.A. anywhere in the passage.

(D) Only Partial Scope: This can be understood only from the third paragraph.

(E) Only Partial Scope: This is mentioned only in the third paragraph.

­I am not sure whether we have support for ''substantial move'' in option A. Seems poorly worded. Below are my reasons:

1.  Author uses the word unexpected in P2-line 1: not synonymous with ''substantial
2. In P2-line 5, Author says ''They have reasons to feel that way-Negative tone
3. In P4-line 5, Author says ''this tiny first step­
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Re: The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a [#permalink]
how the move inadequate not insignificant in ques 5?
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Re: The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a [#permalink]
how the ban on cephalosporin family of antibiotics is inadequate rather than insignificant in ques no 5??

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Re: The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a [#permalink]

yashika001 wrote:
how the ban on cephalosporin family of antibiotics is inadequate rather than insignificant in ques no 5??

Focus in these two bolded lines in the last paragraph: ­The ban will have some kind of positive impact on human health, alright. One can call this an important first step for the F.D.A. in restricting the use of antibiotics in food-producing animals and guarding against the spread of antibiotic- resistant bacteria. But, unless this tiny first step is followed by some truly gigantic ones that stand up to the meat industry and restrict the sort of growth-promoting antibiotics that are actually being used in huge quantities and that pose the greatest risks to human health, it won’t mean much at all.

These suggest that FDA is partially on the right track, but they lack proper implementation yet to achieve success. That means the step they took is inadequate, not insignificant. Hope this helps.
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Re: The Food and Drug Administration is reluctant to regulate the use of a [#permalink]
Official Explanation

­5. From the last paragraph of the passage, it can be inferred that according to the author, ban on cephalosporin family of antibiotics on livestock by F.D.A. is:

Explanation

Pre-thinking:

Paragraph 1: F.D.A. announces new ban that makes analysts critical of it
Paragraph 2: Cites reason for analysts’ criticism
Paragraph 3: Introduce the idea: F.D.A. reluctant to control use of antibiotics in meat industry
Paragraph 4: Conclusion: If not supported by more substantial bans, new move will be futile

A. Correct: This is the re-word of what we predicted in the pre-thinking step.

B. Only Partial Scope: This is not the sole purpose of the author to write this passage.

C. Out of Scope: The author has not denounced the F.D.A. anywhere in the passage.

D. Only Partial Scope: This can be understood only from the third paragraph.

E. Only Partial Scope: This is mentioned only in the third paragraph.