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The Great Sphinx is a huge statue in Egypt that has a lion’s body with

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The Great Sphinx is a huge statue in Egypt that has a lion’s body with  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2019, 11:22
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The Great Sphinx is a huge statue in Egypt that has a lion’s body with a man’s head. The face of the Sphinx has long been claimed to be that of Pharaoh Khafre, who lived around 2600 B.C., but it cannot be: erosion patterns recently discovered on the lion’s legs can only have been caused by heavy rains, and the Sahara has not had heavy rains in over 10,000 years.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. The face of the Sphinx bears a resemblance to the faces on certain stylized statues dating from both before and after the reign of Khafre.
B. Other erosion patterns that appear on the body of the Sphinx are of a sort that could be caused by wind and sand alone
C. Other than the Sphinx, there are no surviving sculptures that have been claimed to portray the face of Khafre.
D. In the last 10,000 years the climate of Egypt has been so dry that even rains that are not heavy have been extremely infrequent.
E. The face of the Sphinx is small relative to the rest of the head, indicating that the face may have been recarved long after the Sphinx was built.

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Re: The Great Sphinx is a huge statue in Egypt that has a lion’s body with  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2019, 12:10
A. The face of the Sphinx bears a resemblance to the faces on certain stylized statues dating from both before and after the reign of Khafre.
out of context incorrect

B. Other erosion patterns that appear on the body of the Sphinx are of a sort that could be caused by wind and sand alone conclusion is about face incorrect

C. Other than the Sphinx, there are no surviving sculptures that have been claimed to portray the face of Khafre.
out of scope

D. In the last 10,000 years the climate of Egypt has been so dry that even rains that are not heavy have been extremely infrequent.
already in premise incorrect

E. The face of the Sphinx is small relative to the rest of the head, indicating that the face may have been recarved long after the Sphinx was built.
Correct
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Re: The Great Sphinx is a huge statue in Egypt that has a lion’s body with  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2019, 22:03
carcass wrote:
The Great Sphinx is a huge statue in Egypt that has a lion’s body with a man’s head. The face of the Sphinx has long been claimed to be that of Pharaoh Khafre, who lived around 2600 B.C., but it cannot be: erosion patterns recently discovered on the lion’s legs can only have been caused by heavy rains, and the Sahara has not had heavy rains in over 10,000 years.


Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A. The face of the Sphinx bears a resemblance to the faces on certain stylized statues dating from both before and after the reign of Khafre.

This does not help us finding that the "man's head" can not be of "Pharaoh Khafre". Also, to prove or disaprove the conclusion we don't require dates of "reign of Khafre"
B. Other erosion patterns that appear on the body of the Sphinx are of a sort that could be caused by wind and sand alone

Irrelevant : This does not help us establishing anything about the conclusion.

C. Other than the Sphinx, there are no surviving sculptures that have been claimed to portray the face of Khafre.

Irrelevant and Out of scope

D. In the last 10,000 years the climate of Egypt has been so dry that even rains that are not heavy have been extremely infrequent.

This is a sort of strengthener. Incorrect

E. The face of the Sphinx is small relative to the rest of the head, indicating that the face may have been recarved long after the Sphinx was built.

Best among all. It says that face is a very small part of the head. So it is possible that face may have been carved later as required. So, it may be the face of "Pharaoh Khafre" but it would have been carved later.
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Re: The Great Sphinx is a huge statue in Egypt that has a lion’s body with   [#permalink] 07 Feb 2019, 22:03
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