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The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit

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The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2009, 09:19
5
15
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A
B
C
D
E

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Question Stats:

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The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit package of the state and local workers during their employment, but it does allow improvement of the package. Thus, the governor’s veto power remains as the only possible obstacle to the new pension enhancement program for recently hired public school teachers.

The author of the argument is assuming which of the following?


(A) The governor wants to reduce the benefit of the package

(B) The new pension program is not part of the benefit package

(C) The legislature supports the new pension program

(D) The governor will probably veto the new pension program

(E) The State Constitution permits the governor to reduce the benefit package of employees during their employment
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2009, 12:33
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I think it is C.

If Governor is the only individual to veto the program, we can asume the state wants it improved.
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2009, 16:11
abhi758 wrote:
The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit package of the state and local workers during their employment, but it does allow improvement of the package. Thus, the governor’s veto power remains as the only possible obstacle to the new pension enhancement program for recently hired public school teachers.

The author of the argument is assuming which of the following?

(A) The governor wants to reduce the benefit of the package
(B) The new pension program is not part of the benefit package
(C) The legislature supports the new pension program
(D) The governor will probably veto the new pension program
(E) The State Constitution permits the governor to reduce the benefit package of employees during their employment

Kindly justify the option you choose.. OA will be posted shortly..


I think it should be C.
The paragraph states that the governor's veto power remains as the ONLY possible obstacle, hence it assumes that the legislature supports the new pension program.
I think it's not D because the statement says that the governor's veto power remains as the only POSSIBLE obstacle. It doesn't assume that the governor probably will.

What's the OA please?
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Aug 2009, 08:36
I would go with C. "Possible obstacle" is the key phrase here. The author is not implying that the program will be vetoed. All he is saying is that the program "could" be vetoed by the governor. He is assuming that everything else is in favor of the program. That legislature is in favor of the program. If this were not the case then, the author would not say "ONLY possible obstacle".
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2010, 15:57
it is C

state prohibits the law-makers from reducing the benefit package.
state allows improvment of benefit package.
governer's veto power (prohibiting power) is the only obtsacle to new pension enhancement program (governer is the only one prohibiting the new pension enhancement program)...which means Legislature is supporting the new pension enhancement program (option C).

E is irrelevant.

The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit package of the state and local workers during their employment, but it does allow improvement of the package. Thus, the governor’s veto power remains as the only possible obstacle to the new pension enhancement program for recently hired public school teachers.

The author of the argument is assuming which of the following?

(A) The governor wants to reduce the benefit of the package
(B) The new pension program is not part of the benefit package
(C) The legislature supports the new pension program
(D) The governor will probably veto the new pension program
(E) The State Constitution permits the governor to reduce the benefit package of employees during their employment
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2010, 11:11
My answer is C.

The way I got there was using one of my lessons learned from: kaplan-cr-pension-program-34270.html#p235493.

Lesson 1: An extreme conclusion requires an extreme premise or assumption. For example, if the conclusion claims something to be the best, then all others must be inferior.

The conclusion is stating the veto power is the ONLY way the program can be rejected. Therefore, the appropriate assumption is that ALL OTHER ways to reject the program are not applicable.

Looks like the OA is C: kaplan-cr-pension-program-34270.html#p235493
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2013, 22:41
Answer (C) is the correct choice. Legislature support means it is not the obstacle for the pension program. That leaves governor as probable obstacle for the pension program.
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2013, 23:27
abhi758 wrote:
The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit package of the state and local workers during their employment, but it does allow improvement of the package. Thus, the governor’s veto power remains as the only possible obstacle to the new pension enhancement program for recently hired public school teachers.

The author of the argument is assuming which of the following?

(A) The governor wants to reduce the benefit of the package
(B) The new pension program is not part of the benefit package
(C) The legislature supports the new pension program
(D) The governor will probably veto the new pension program
(E) The State Constitution permits the governor to reduce the benefit package of employees during their employment

Kindly justify the option you choose.. OA will be posted shortly..


When an assumption is needed there is something that doesn't logically follow from the argument. But to make the argument valid something has to be considered true or in other words we make an assumption

The clue to answering this question is in the words "remains as the only possible obstacle". It is something that doesn't follow from the argument but it has to be consistent with the argument. So you include the assumption which in this case is given by choice C. Only when the author assumes that the legislature supports the program can he say that the only possible obstacle to the program is the governor's veto power.
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2013, 01:45
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abhi758 wrote:
The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit package of the state and local workers during their employment, but it does allow improvement of the package. Thus, the governor’s veto power remains as the only possible obstacle to the new pension enhancement program for recently hired public school teachers.

The author of the argument is assuming which of the following?

(A) The governor wants to reduce the benefit of the package
(B) The new pension program is not part of the benefit package
(C) The legislature supports the new pension program
(D) The governor will probably veto the new pension program
(E) The State Constitution permits the governor to reduce the benefit package of employees during their employment

Kindly justify the option you choose.. OA will be posted shortly..


Hi,

Let's first understand the passage:

Information not relevant to the argument: legislature can't reduce the benefit package of the state and local workers during their employment
Premise: Legislature can improve the package of the state and local workers during their employment
Conclusion: the governor’s veto power remains as the only possible obstacle to the new pension enhancement program for recently hired public school teachers.

So, legislature can improve the package of the workers. This also means they can chose not to improve the package.

Now, governor's veto is the only obstacle to pension enhancement -> there are no other obstacles -> legislature is no more an obstacle -> legislature has already passed or supports the pension enhancement.

This is what is given by option C.

Hope this helps :)

Let me know if further clarity is needed.

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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2013, 04:46
Quote:
The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit package of the state and local workers during their employment, but it does allow improvement of the package. Thus, the governor’s veto power remains as the only possible obstacle to the new pension enhancement program for recently hired public school teachers.

The author of the argument is assuming which of the following?

(A) The governor wants to reduce the benefit of the package
Wrong Out of scope since we talk about an improvement of the benefits.
(B) The new pension program is not part of the benefit package
Wrong The author assumes that the package is part of the benefit package. Otherwise the first sentence would make no sense.
(C) The legislature supports the new pension program
Correct If the legislature would not support the programm it would the other obstacle besides the possible veto of the governor. The latter would thus not be the ONLY obstacle.
(D) The governor will probably veto the new pension program
Wrong There has to be the possibility that the govenor vetos the upgrade. "Possible" inferes a liklehood which is irellevant. Further there could be other obstacles, like the rest of the legislature.
(E) The State Constitution permits the governor to reduce the benefit package of employees during their employment
Wrong Out of scope since we are talking about an enhancement and not an reduction of benefits.
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2015, 12:21
I couldn't get the right answer in the first time. But after knowing that OA is C, it makes sense.

As per the argument,the SC bans L from 'reducing' some benefits package. But improvements (or enhancements) are allowed.
We have 2 powerful bodies in the argument.
1. Legislature
2. Governed
Since, argument mentions that Governor is the only bad guy, implies Legislature favors the 'improvement' or enhancement. This piece was however not stated and must be the assumption.

Ladies and Gentlemen, I give you answer choice C!

+Kudos, if this helped!! :)
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 03:47
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Ans is c. If legislature is not supporting , then governor is not the only one obstacle.
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2015, 22:26
"C" says the legislature supports the new pension program which leaves us with only one option that the Governor's veto power is the only obstacle.If we negate this that the legislature does not support then the negated answer choice goes against the conclusion.In "B" even if its not part of the benefit package still the governor's veto power can be an obstacle.Moreover "b" is not a necessary assumption.
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2016, 14:16
(C) The legislature supports the new pension program
The governor's veto is the ONLY obstacle as per the argument, so legislature obviously supports it.
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2016, 02:18
I go with C

Conclusion is only governor can stop the pension plan.
Only c states why governor has to stop it .. Since the legislation is planing to implement, governor's veto power is needed to stop that plan.
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2019, 03:33
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Re: The State Constitution bans the legislature from reducing the benefit   [#permalink] 18 Feb 2019, 03:33
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