fskilnik wrote:
GMATH practice exercise (Quant Class 19)
Three points are randomly chosen on the circumference of a given circle. What is the probability that the center of the circle lies inside the triangle whose vertices are at the three points?
(A) 1/3
(B) 1/4
(C) 1/5
(D) 2/5
(E) 2/7
We will refer to the link given in the hint:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/three-points ... 05189.htmlFOCUS: P(center inside the triangle)
We may consider (without loss of generality) that the first point (blue) was chosen at the position shown in the first figure and that the second point (red) was chosen (without loss of generality) in the upper semicircle (red arc) also presented in the first figure.
In the second figure, we show one possibility of the first two points, to illustrate the fact that we will have a favorable scenario if and only if the third point (green) is chosen in the arc in green, obtained by two lines, each one defined by the center and one of the two first points.
Considering exactly the same reasoning presented in the exercise mentioned in the hint, let´s consider the two extremal cases: when the first two points ("almost") coincide and when the first two points are ("almost") diametrically opposites. The corresponding favorable probabilities are 0 and 1/2, respectively, hence (following the same rationale presented there) our FOCUS is their average: (0+1/2)/2 = 1/4.
The correct answer is (B).
We follow the notations and rationale taught in the
GMATH method.
Regards,
Fabio.
POST-MORTEM: it is possible to prove that the probabilities of having the first and second points coincidental or diametrically opposites are both ZERO (not approximately zero), therefore there is no trouble omitting the words "almost" presented in parentheses. A subtle consequence: the answer obtained is not approximately right, it is exactly right. (Details are out-of-GMAT´s-scope.)
_________________
Fabio Skilnik ::
GMATH method creator (Math for the GMAT)
Our high-level "quant" preparation starts here:
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