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Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca

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Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2020, 21:51
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Twenty-five years ago, 2,000 married people were asked to rank four categories—spouses, friends, jobs, and housework—according to the amount of time each category demanded. A recent follow-up survey indicates that a majority of those same people rank housework higher on the list now than they did twenty-five years ago. Yet most of the respondents also claim that housework has become less demanding of their time over the last twenty-five years.

Which of the following, if true, helps to explain the apparent discrepancy?

A) Some of the people surveyed were married to other people in the survey.

B) Many of the most time-consuming aspects of people's lives do not appear as categories on either survey.

C) Most of those who responded to the follow-up survey have retired in the last twenty-five years.

D) At the time of the follow-up survey, some of the people surveyed did no housework.

E) Many of the respondents to the follow-up survey claim that they now spend much more time with their friends than they did twenty-five years ago.

CR66900.02

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Re: Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2020, 22:07
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Twenty-five years ago, 2,000 married people were asked to rank four categories—spouses, friends, jobs, and housework—according to the amount of time each category demanded. A recent follow-up survey indicates that a majority of those same people rank housework higher on the list now than they did twenty-five years ago. Yet most of the respondents also claim that housework has become less demanding of their time over the last twenty-five years.

Which of the following, if true, helps to explain the apparent discrepancy?

A) Some of the people surveyed were married to other people in the survey.

B) Many of the most time-consuming aspects of people's lives do not appear as categories on either survey.

C) Most of those who responded to the follow-up survey have retired in the last twenty-five years.

D) At the time of the follow-up survey, some of the people surveyed did no housework.

E) Many of the respondents to the follow-up survey claim that they now spend much more time with their friends than they did twenty-five years ago.

The moment you read the prompt it comes to mind that most of these people must have retired in 25 years and hence must be doing nothing but house work. Look for a similar choice.
A. Some is a very weak keyword and even then marrying someone else from the survey wont explain the discrepancy.
B. Irrelevant
C. Correct. Exact paraphrase.
D. This also does not explain the discrepancy.
E. Spending time with friends does not explain why housework has moved to rank 1
C is correct
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Re: Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2020, 13:55
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sauravleo123 While C looks best of the lot, are we not assuming too much to justify the option?
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Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2020, 22:55
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generis wrote:
Twenty-five years ago, 2,000 married people were asked to rank four categories—spouses, friends, jobs, and housework—according to the amount of time each category demanded. A recent follow-up survey indicates that a majority of those same people rank housework higher on the list now than they did twenty-five years ago. Yet most of the respondents also claim that housework has become less demanding of their time over the last twenty-five years.

Which of the following, if true, helps to explain the apparent discrepancy?

A) Some of the people surveyed were married to other people in the survey.

B) Many of the most time-consuming aspects of people's lives do not appear as categories on either survey.

C) Most of those who responded to the follow-up survey have retired in the last twenty-five years.

D) At the time of the follow-up survey, some of the people surveyed did no housework.

E) Many of the respondents to the follow-up survey claim that they now spend much more time with their friends than they did twenty-five years ago.

CR66900.02


TARGET-Explain discrepancy- time demanded is less than time spent (on house works)

A)This does nothing to explain the discrepancy.
B)Then why chosen only housework to be high? why not other categories?


C) This is best among all(Explains discrepancy): retired>>>more time to spend on house works>>even if less demanding they will end up spending more time.

D) Then it would even more to the discrepancy.
E) Time with friends can't explain the discrepancy.


Therefore: OA:C
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Re: Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2020, 08:57
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Choosing 'C' means that Now they spent much time doing Job which brings down the 'job' category lower in rank.

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2020, 04:12
generis wrote:
Twenty-five years ago, 2,000 married people were asked to rank four categories—spouses, friends, jobs, and housework—according to the amount of time each category demanded. A recent follow-up survey indicates that a majority of those same people rank housework higher on the list now than they did twenty-five years ago. Yet most of the respondents also claim that housework has become less demanding of their time over the last twenty-five years.

Which of the following, if true, helps to explain the apparent discrepancy?

A) Some of the people surveyed were married to other people in the survey.

B) Many of the most time-consuming aspects of people's lives do not appear as categories on either survey.

C) Most of those who responded to the follow-up survey have retired in the last twenty-five years.

D) At the time of the follow-up survey, some of the people surveyed did no housework.

E) Many of the respondents to the follow-up survey claim that they now spend much more time with their friends than they did twenty-five years ago.

CR66900.02



I think that assuming retired people do nothing but housework is absurd. What is retired people are more rich than before and now they do not need to do housework than they did before.
This assumption is a bit far.
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Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2020, 03:23
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please explain question? what is it saying and what is it asking????
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Re: Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2020, 05:57
arora1 wrote:
sauravleo123 While C looks best of the lot, are we not assuming too much to justify the option?


Is this an official question lol
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Re: Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jun 2020, 17:25
Which of the following, if true, helps to explain the apparent discrepancy?

A) Some of the people surveyed were married to other people in the survey.
- irrelevant.

B) Many of the most time-consuming aspects of people's lives do not appear as categories on either survey.
- this would actually weaken the evidence cited. But, in the context of this passage, (B) is irrelevant.

C) Most of those who responded to the follow-up survey have retired in the last twenty-five years. - if majority of the survey respondents are now retired (at the time of the follow-up survey), then it would mean that they now have more free time to carryout housework; Hence, they would now feel that such housework has become less demanding of time. Therefore, (C) helps explain the discrepancy.

D) At the time of the follow-up survey, some of the people surveyed did no housework.
- does not help explain the discrepancy.

E) Many of the respondents to the follow-up survey claim that they now spend much more time with their friends than they did twenty-five years ago.
- irrelevant
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Re: Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2020, 09:28
CJandAnish GMATNinja

Why not B? For example 25 years ago, household was on rank 4. But now, there are 5 categories so the rank of the household is now 3 but still the overall time can be same or less than it was 25 years ago.
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Re: Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2020, 20:19
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uchihaitachi wrote:
CJandAnish GMATNinja

Why not B? For example 25 years ago, household was on rank 4. But now, there are 5 categories so the rank of the household is now 3 but still the overall time can be same or less than it was 25 years ago.

Let's be very clear on what the discrepancy is before we look at why (B) is not the right answer.

The passage tells us that:
  • housework ranks higher on a list of time-consuming activities on a recent survey than it did on a survey 25 years ago
  • Most respondents claim they are spending less time on housework than they were previously

So, housework is taking less time overall but more time in comparison to other items on the list. We're asked to find the answer choice that best explains this discrepancy.

(B) tells us:
Quote:
B) Many of the most time-consuming aspects of people's lives do not appear as categories on either survey.

We're not concerned with time-consuming activities that do not appear on either survey. Since these activities do not appear on the survey, they cannot help us explain why housework has moved up the list of four categories while taking less time overall.

Also, we aren't told that there are more categories on the new survey than the old one. By calling it a "follow-up survey", the passage suggests the number of categories has stayed the same. The time-consuming activities mentioned in (B) have not been added to the survey, so they cannot tell us why housework has moved up the rankings.

This is why (B) cannot be the answer.

Compare this to (C):
Quote:
C) Most of those who responded to the follow-up survey have retired in the last twenty-five years.

If most of those who responded to the follow-up survey have retired since they filled out the initial survey, then they will be spending far less time on work than when they filled out the initial survey.

This could push work down the rankings, as these people will no longer be spending much time working if they're working at all. This means housework can move up the ranking, even if it takes less time than it did 25 years ago.

(C) helps us explain the discrepancy, so (C) is the answer to this question.

I hope that helps!
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Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2020, 20:37
GMATNinja wrote:
uchihaitachi wrote:
CJandAnish GMATNinja

Why not B? For example 25 years ago, household was on rank 4. But now, there are 5 categories so the rank of the household is now 3 but still the overall time can be same or less than it was 25 years ago.

Let's be very clear on what the discrepancy is before we look at why (B) is not the right answer.

The passage tells us that:
  • housework ranks higher on a list of time-consuming activities on a recent survey than it did on a survey 25 years ago
  • Most respondents claim they are spending less time on housework than they were previously

So, housework is taking less time overall but more time in comparison to other items on the list. We're asked to find the answer choice that best explains this discrepancy.

(B) tells us:
Quote:
B) Many of the most time-consuming aspects of people's lives do not appear as categories on either survey.

We're not concerned with time-consuming activities that do not appear on either survey. Since these activities do not appear on the survey, they cannot help us explain why housework has moved up the list of four categories while taking less time overall.

Also, we aren't told that there are more categories on the new survey than the old one. By calling it a "follow-up survey", the passage suggests the number of categories has stayed the same. The time-consuming activities mentioned in (B) have not been added to the survey, so they cannot tell us why housework has moved up the rankings.

This is why (B) cannot be the answer.

Compare this to (C):
Quote:
C) Most of those who responded to the follow-up survey have retired in the last twenty-five years.

If most of those who responded to the follow-up survey have retired since they filled out the initial survey, then they will be spending far less time on work than when they filled out the initial survey.

This could push work down the rankings, as these people will no longer be spending much time working if they're working at all. This means housework can move up the ranking, even if it takes less time than it did 25 years ago.

(C) helps us explain the discrepancy, so (C) is the answer to this question.

I hope that helps!


Thank you very much for this detailed explanation. Such minor things("follow-up survey") create a huge difference.

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Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca   [#permalink] 25 Jun 2020, 20:37

Twenty-five years ago 2,000 married people were asked to rank four ca

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