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# Under the provisions of the United States Constitution and

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Under the provisions of the United States Constitution and [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 08:13
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(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (00:32) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 4 sessions

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Under the provisions of the United States Constitution and the laws of the United States, the Federal government cannot detain an American citizen indefinitely without cause and is required either to bring charges against the individual being held, in which case he is entitled to a lawyer, or that the government must release him.
A) that the government must release him
B) release him
C) to proceed in releasing him
D) the government must release him
E) they must release him
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Director
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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 10:17

Please quote the source of the question.

Thanks

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Director
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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 18:26
This question is not from the official source. As "him" refers to male.

American constitution is for both male and female.

Please quote the source of the question.

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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 20:38
U see he in not underlined section, it points to the fact that citizen is male.
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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 20:44
1
KUDOS
I go with C. Although question doesn't make any sense. Equality my friend is the fundamental of the American constitution. Provisions apply to both male and female. If they apply only to male then probably I will sue

Correct idiom : either infinitive or infinitive

either to do x or to do y

IMO : C

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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 21:34
C for me as well

Posted from my mobile device
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+1 kudos me if this is of any help...

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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 22:05
IMO B.

This is a case of parallelisms in idioms.
idiom: either to X or to Y

In a parallel structure involving infinitives, we can avoid the second 'to'.
Eg: I prefer to swim than (to)sail across the ocean

So i assume that it becomes:
'the gvnt is required either to bring charges against... or (to)release him. '

If they had a bettered structured sentence with to....i would have definitely opted for that.

What is the OA/source?

Thanks

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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2010, 22:13
Don't mess with

either... or

neither.. nor

These are sacred construct. not even an idiom can break them. the second part must religiously follow the first part.

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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 10:29
B.

Though C - to proceed in releasing him - is paralle to ...either to..., but B is concise.

In C: to proceed in releasing him
in releasing him - in awkward usage.

In B:
release him = [to] release him.
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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 10:32
ykaiim

What is the source of the question?

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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 22:17
Does anyone know the source of this question. I do not see how B is parallel.

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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2010, 11:54
1
KUDOS

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/parallelsim-in-either-or-t8628.html

Thanks

izaidi wrote:
Does anyone know the source of this question. I do not see how B is parallel.

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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2010, 23:55
nusmavrik wrote:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/parallelsim-in-either-or-t8628.html

Thanks

izaidi wrote:
Does anyone know the source of this question. I do not see how B is parallel.

Thanks nusmavrik! I knew they couldnt be parallel!

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Director
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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2010, 02:54
Found another post : sentence-correction-confusing-94684.html#p731590

I think these idioms lock in the words absolutely - no variations allowed whatsoever

either or
neither nor
both......both

Quote:
Hey Seek,

...............

Thelonious Monk,the jazz pianist and composer,produced a body of work that was rooted both in the stride-piano tradition of Willie (The Lion) Smith and Duke Ellington, yet in many ways he stood apart from the mainstream jazz repertory.

Look after the first marker, and you find the word "in". But after the second marker, you DON'T have the "in". This isn't allowed.

Let me know if you have more questions!

-tommy

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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2010, 04:36
I think the OE can help:

This sentence turns on an idiom: either to x or [to] y where both x and y must be parallel. The sentence should be: the Federal government...required either to bring...or [to] release.

Unfortunately, the current sentence incorrectly reads: the Federal government...required either to bring...or that the government must release. This is not parallel and is wrong.

The correct sentence structure is: the Federal government is required either to bring charges against the individual being held, in which case he is entitled to a lawyer, or release him. Do not be thrown off by in which case he is entitled to a lawyer, which was inserted simply to make spotting the idiom and parallelism more difficult. The phrase in which case he is entitled to a lawyer is merely an elucidation of the preceding idea and is not another item that itself must be parallel.

A) The sentence is not idiomatically correct (i.e., the phrase the Federal government...is required either to bring...or that the government must release is not idiomatically correct)

B) The sentence correctly uses the idiom either to x or [to] y

C) Although the sentence follows the correct idiom either to bring...or to proceed, the phrase to proceed in releasing is not concise and can be replaced by [to] release

D) The sentence is not idiomatically correct (i.e., the phrase the Federal government...is required either to bring...or the government must release is not idiomatically correct)

E) The sentence is not idiomatically correct (i.e., the phrase the Federal government...is required either to bring...or they must release is not idiomatically correct); they, which is a plural pronoun, does not agree with the subject the Federal government, which is singular
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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2010, 04:43
Hey ykaiim

I appreciate the help. But the second "to" missing is not allowed in this construction.

I am quoting this from the gmat manhattan instructor

Quote:
nope. the oa is wrong, and you are right.

EITHER and OR absolutely "lock in" the words that follow them. so, if "either" is followed by an entire infinitive, including to, then "or" must likewise be followed by an entire infinitive, with to.

Source : http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/par ... t8628.html

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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2010, 04:54
Yes, I see that from Ron.

But, I think this OA is correct, as per the explaiantions.
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Re: Provisions of the United States Constitution   [#permalink] 09 Jun 2010, 04:54
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