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# A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the

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A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2010, 13:36
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A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P's consulting firm concluded that the employees' dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm's conclusion EXCEPT:

A In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees
worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O's facilities.
B. Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
C. The consulting firm's conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P's employees.
D. The reasons given by Company P's employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
E. A battery of sets performed on Acme's employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by broall on 23 Jun 2017, 02:13, edited 2 times in total.
Fixed typo

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2010, 08:35
The question says that all of the options casts doubt on consulting firm's conclusion except one.

I am okay with the asnwer (D) but how does option (E) cast doubt on consulting firm's conclusion. Should we eliminate option (E) as out of scope or should we eliminate it as it is casting doubt on the firm'c conclusion.

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2010, 12:38
For me D is strengthen the firms argument and E is irrelevant . Hence E doesn't cast doubt on its argument

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2010, 13:05
angel2009 wrote:
For me D is strengthen the firms argument and E is irrelevant . Hence E doesn't cast doubt on its argument

E is not irrelevant.
Consulting firm's conclusion: employee dissatisfaction results from psychological problems.
Answer E: Tests show no psychological problems.
Now, if tests were carried out on employees and it was found that there were no real psychological problems with the employees, then, it weakens the consulting firm's conclusion.
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2010, 14:19
E clearly does not support the conclusion...

can someone pls strip and explain the OA...

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2010, 18:02
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Hey All,

As per your request, I thought I'd take this one on in long form, realistic fashion (outlining the passage itself, and describing the effect of each answer choice). Let's take a look:

A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P's consulting firm concluded that the employees' dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

Conclusion: Dissatisfaction result of employee psych problems
Premises: 75% of employees dissatisfied, nothing uncommonly bad
Assumptions: [There are many here, which we would expect, given that there are 4 answer choices that take advantage of these assumptions; I'll try to hit some up without looking at the answer choices] 75% is an above average amount of dissatisfaction. Psychological problems connect to job dissatisfaction. Something other than working conditions is affecting things.

That's all I can think of off the top of my head. It's not necessarily important to write these out, but I like going into EXCEPT questions with at least a little bit of ammo, as I'm going to have to find four answer choices that weaken.

Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm's conclusion EXCEPT:

A In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O's facilities.
PROBLEM: Definitely weakens. This would relate most closely to the third assumption I guessed at. Working conditions at P aren't the issue, but at O.

B. Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
PROBLEM: Ha! I saw this one coming with my first assumption. Definitely weakens, because now there's no way to conclude they have psych problems, because they're the same as everyone else.

C. The consulting firm's conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P's employees.
PROBLEM: Didn't see this one coming, but it definitely weakens. If the consulting firm thinks the working conditions are fine, but the employees don't, it could still be the working conditions making the employees unhappy.

D. The reasons given by Company P's employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
PROBLEM: This doesn't weaken much (what people claim to be true is always dangerous on the GMAT), but it's enough. After all, if everyone has different reasons, it would be silly to conclude that everyone's reason is actually the same (psych problems).

E. A battery of tests performed on Acme's employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems
ANSWER: This doesn't weaken at all. We don't know anything about Acme, including how dissatisfied people are. Maybe at ACME, there is a really low dissatisfaction rate, in which case this would STRENGTHEN the argument. Because there's no way to know, this doesn't weaken.

Hope that helps!

-t
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2011, 18:07
A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of
the employees of Company P are dissatisfied
with their jobs. However, an investigation into
working conditions at the company showed
P's consulting firm concluded that the
employees' dissatisfaction must result from an
unusually high incidence of psychological
problems on their part.
Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the
consulting firm's conclusion EXCEPT:
(A) In the investigation of working conditions,
no account was taken of the fact that for
the past year many Company P employees
worked on a joint venture with Company O,
at Company O's facilities.
(B) Workers in many companies are
dissatisfied although there are no
apparent problems with their working
conditions.
(C) The consulting firm's conception of what
conditions is not identical to that of
Company P's employees.
(D) The reasons given by Company P's
employees for their dissatisfaction varied
greatly from employee to employee.
(E) A battery of sets performed on Company
P's employees one month ago revealed no
significant psychological stresses or
problems.

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2011, 14:36
I understand how D makes sense because it doesn't cast doubt that many of the psychological problems vary employee to employee meaning it can just be their own psych problem instead of the company's issue.

However B states that a similar situation is occurring at other companies too. The situation where there is is nothing uncommonly bad. It just kinda restates a premise. Is this answer choice wrong in that sense?
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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10 Dec 2011, 18:31
calreg11 wrote:
I understand how D makes sense because it doesn't cast doubt that many of the psychological problems vary employee to employee meaning it can just be their own psych problem instead of the company's issue.

However B states that a similar situation is occurring at other companies too. The situation where there is is nothing uncommonly bad. It just kinda restates a premise. Is this answer choice wrong in that sense?

I think B is out of scope. Other company has nothing to do with Company P. Plus, consultants concluded that dissatisfaction came from employees, a similar situation in other companies does not prove that employees are NOT the problem.

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2011, 03:45
ashiima wrote:
A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of
the employees of Company P are dissatisfied
with their jobs. However, an investigation into
working conditions at the company showed
P's consulting firm concluded that the
employees' dissatisfaction must result from an
unusually high incidence of psychological
problems on their part.
Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the
consulting firm's conclusion EXCEPT:
(A) In the investigation of working conditions,
no account was taken of the fact that for
the past year many Company P employees
worked on a joint venture with Company O,
at Company O's facilities.
(B) Workers in many companies are
dissatisfied although there are no
apparent problems with their working
conditions.
(C) The consulting firm's conception of what
conditions is not identical to that of
Company P's employees.
(D) The reasons given by Company P's
employees for their dissatisfaction varied
greatly from employee to employee.
(E) A battery of sets performed on Company
P's employees one month ago revealed no
significant psychological stresses or
problems.

I still do not understand why D is the answer and not B??
Its correct that option B is out of scope and restating the stimulus but it is also not weakening the conclusion,so option B is contender for correct answer too.

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2011, 03:18
-- 75 out of 100 people were unsatisfied
-- so, employs must be mad

we need to find something that supports it......

B is the only one that supports this .... since this has been proven as per B

(A) In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O's facilities.
-- opposes the consultancy.
(B) Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
-- correct, (employs are MAD )
(C) The consulting firm's conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P's employees.
-- opposes
(D) The reasons given by Company P's employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
-- so what if it varies, we are concerned with the conclusion here and not about each individual. Out of scope
(E) A battery of sets performed on Company P's employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or
-- opposes
problems.

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2012, 00:42
This conclusion needs strengthening via options.
B says workers are dissatisfied but the cause for the same is not mentioned and in D it states that every employee has different problem that means this many problems could not be due to the company(they should be similar to some extent) then they must be his her personal problems.

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2012, 03:46
D it is because B seems to be talking about other companies and we are not bothered about other companies.

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2012, 11:26
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A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P’s consulting firm concluded that the employees’ dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.
Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm’s conclusion EXCEPT:
(A) In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O’s facilities.
(B) Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
(C) The consulting firm’s conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P’s employees.
(D) The reasons given by Company P’s employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
(E) A battery of sets performed on Company P’s employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems.

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2012, 14:19
piyushksharma wrote:
A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P’s consulting firm concluded that the employees’ dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.
Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm’s conclusion EXCEPT:
(A) In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O’s facilities.
(B) Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
(C) The consulting firm’s conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P’s employees.
(D) The reasons given by Company P’s employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
(E) A battery of sets performed on Company P’s employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems.

D seems to be the right answer.
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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29 Mar 2012, 23:57
Its a close call between B and D.

B. Leaves room for further reasoning in that Psychological problems can also be a cause for the dis-satisfaction. Hence POE.

D. Neutral to the conclusion.Hence the OA.
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2012, 09:20
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amit2k9 wrote:
Its a close call between B and D.

B. Leaves room for further reasoning in that Psychological problems can also be a cause for the dis-satisfaction. Hence POE.

D. Neutral to the conclusion.Hence the OA.

It does leave room for psychological problems to be the reason for their dissatisfication, but it also leaves room for many other explanations. Since the consulting firm solely uses psych. problems as the reason, this answer casts doubt on their explanation. I'd also go with D.

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 10:44
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A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P's consulting firm concluded that the employees' dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm's conclusion EXCEPT:

a. In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O's facilities.
b. Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
c. The consulting firm's conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P's employees.
d. The reasons given by Company P's employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
e. A battery of tests performed on Company P's employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 12:18
"casts doubt EXCEPT" means that we must find an answer choice ,which DOESNT weaken (note- it doesnt mean that we have to find an answer choice, which strengthen the conclusion).

Premise- A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs.

Counter Premise -However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad.

Conclusion -Therefore, Company P's consulting firm concluded that the employees' dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

answ choice D has no influence on the conclusion. So, this choice DOESNT weaken
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2012, 12:29
The question can be seen also in that way: a top down line between Company and employees or vice versa.

D instead is a flat connection among the latter so do not adreess something with company i.e: is ininfluent at the point at issue.

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the   [#permalink] 19 Oct 2012, 12:29

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