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A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com

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A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 05 Mar 2019, 06:55
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A
B
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D
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A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P's consulting firm concluded that the employees' dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm's conclusion EXCEPT:


(A) In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O's facilities.

(B) Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.

(C) The consulting firm's conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P's employees.

(D) The reasons given by Company P's employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.

(E) A battery of sets performed on Company P's employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems.

Originally posted by angel2009 on 14 Mar 2010, 13:36.
Last edited by Bunuel on 05 Mar 2019, 06:55, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2012, 23:57
Its a close call between B and D.

B. Leaves room for further reasoning in that Psychological problems can also be a cause for the dis-satisfaction. Hence POE.

D. Neutral to the conclusion.Hence the OA.
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2012, 09:20
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amit2k9 wrote:
Its a close call between B and D.

B. Leaves room for further reasoning in that Psychological problems can also be a cause for the dis-satisfaction. Hence POE.

D. Neutral to the conclusion.Hence the OA.

It does leave room for psychological problems to be the reason for their dissatisfication, but it also leaves room for many other explanations. Since the consulting firm solely uses psych. problems as the reason, this answer casts doubt on their explanation. I'd also go with D.
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2012, 12:18
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"casts doubt EXCEPT" means that we must find an answer choice ,which DOESNT weaken (note- it doesnt mean that we have to find an answer choice, which strengthen the conclusion).

Premise- A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs.

Counter Premise -However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad.

Conclusion -Therefore, Company P's consulting firm concluded that the employees' dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

answ choice D has no influence on the conclusion. So, this choice DOESNT weaken
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2012, 12:29
The question can be seen also in that way: a top down line between Company and employees or vice versa.

D instead is a flat connection among the latter so do not adreess something with company i.e: is ininfluent at the point at issue.

D must be the answer
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2013, 05:56
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nikhil.jones.s wrote:
A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed
nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P’s consulting firm concluded that the employees’ dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.
Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm’s conclusion EXCEPT:

(A) In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O’s facilities.
(B) Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
(C) The consulting firm’s conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P’s employees.
(D) The reasons given by Company P’s employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
(E) A battery of sets performed on Company P’s employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems.


IMO D

CONCLUSION:==> the employees’ dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

FOUR OF THE ANSWER CHOICES ARE GOING TO WEAKEN==>means 4 answers are going to show that there is either no psychological problem with the employee or some other problematic reason is thereWHICH MIGHT BE CAUSING dissatisfaction within the employee.
the left answer will be either neutral to conclusion or strengthen the conclusion..and that will be correct answer.

(A) In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O’s facilities.===>Now past year many employee worked on joint venture with 2 companies==>so concluding on the basis of investigation of any one company might be wrong==>this weakens ===>incorrect

(B) Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.==>if some problems cant be seen then judging that worker is dissatisfied because of psychological problem( as investigator was not able to see that problem he is not considering that problem) is wrong===>weakening==>incorrect

(C) The consulting firm’s conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P’s employees.==>if consulting firms criteria for bad working condition is different from the employees criteria..then concluding that employee are dissatisfied due to psychological reason is not correct==>weakening==>incorrect

(D) The reasons given by Company P’s employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.===>we dont know why the employees are dissatisfied..it can be any reason...we are not sure whether they are dissatisfied because of working condition or because of psychological problem within them==>this is like neutral to conclusion===>correct

(E) A battery of sets performed on Company P’s employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems===>this one clearly gives us evidence to believe that the emplyees were psychologically fit===>weakens==>incorrect.
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jul 2013, 08:37
psdeol wrote:
A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied with their jobs. However, an investigation into working conditions at the company showed nothing uncommonly bad. Therefore, Company P's consulting firm concluded that the employees' dissatisfaction must result from an unusually high incidence of psychological problems on their part.

Each of the following, if true, casts doubt on the consulting firm's conclusion EXCEPT:

a. In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O's facilities.
b. Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions.
c. The consulting firm's conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P's employees.
d. The reasons given by Company P's employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee.
e. A battery of tests performed on Company P's employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems



I will treat this one as a tricky "EXCEPT" question.So let us first paraphrase the situation and then get down to the correct choice.

Situation : A confidential survey about company P has revealed that 75% of the employees are dissatisfied with their current jobs.However, a XYZ consulting firm hired by P says otherwise...and concludes that the reason why employees are dissatisfied is due to high rate of psychological problems faced by them.

Options A,C and E are definitely weakening the conclusion provided by the consulting firm.

The only options left are B and D.

B...This can be eliminated it gives us generic information about employees in different companies,whereas we would want a situation specific to company P.

D...If the reason given for employees' dissatisfaction, varied drastically among different employees,then this has to be attributed to other psychological problems faced by the employees ....because if the cause of their problem was the working conditions at company P ,the reason shouldn't have varied greatly...There would have been a common reason...Correct Answer
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 04:25
GMATNinja

Please help in understanding this question
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 04:38
gamerguy0074 wrote:
GMATNinja

Please help in understanding this question


Hi gamerguy0074 ,

Let me help you.

Survey revealed 75% of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied.

Working conditions were all good.

Conclusion: Employees have psychological problems.

Pre thinking: Author is assuming only these two factors are actually responsible for dissatisfaction.

We need to find out 4 weakeners out of the options. The leftover will be the correct answer.

Let's look at the options now:

A In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O's facilities. --> Ohh, It was company O that was the causing the problem. Hence, a weakener.

B. Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions. --> Ok, so it is not only P but many companies. Hence, something hidden is there that causing the problem.

C. The consulting firm's conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P's employees. --> What employees thing is good for them and what investigators think are different. So, it may happen that working conditions are actually bad for employees. Hence, a weakener.

D. The reasons given by Company P's employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee. --> Yeah, it seems a little bit psychological of individuals part. Hence, kind of strengthener. Correct.

E. A battery of sets performed on Acme's employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems -> Again, a weakener. They have already been tested psychologically.

Let me know in case of any doubt.

P.S: Sorry, GMATNinja :)
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2017, 01:00
abhimahna wrote:
gamerguy0074 wrote:
GMATNinja

Please help in understanding this question


Hi gamerguy0074 ,

Let me help you.

Survey revealed 75% of the employees of Company P are dissatisfied.

Working conditions were all good.

Conclusion: Employees have psychological problems.

Pre thinking: Author is assuming only these two factors are actually responsible for dissatisfaction.

We need to find out 4 weakeners out of the options. The leftover will be the correct answer.

Let's look at the options now:

A In the investigation of working conditions, no account was taken of the fact that for the past year many Company P employees worked on a joint venture with Company O, at Company O's facilities. --> Ohh, It was company O that was the causing the problem. Hence, a weakener.

B. Workers in many companies are dissatisfied although there are no apparent problems with their working conditions. --> Ok, so it is not only P but many companies. Hence, something hidden is there that causing the problem.

C. The consulting firm's conception of what constitutes uncommonly bad working conditions is not identical to that of Company P's employees. --> What employees thing is good for them and what investigators think are different. So, it may happen that working conditions are actually bad for employees. Hence, a weakener.

D. The reasons given by Company P's employees for their dissatisfaction varied greatly from employee to employee. --> Yeah, it seems a little bit psychological of individuals part. Hence, kind of strengthener. Correct.

E. A battery of sets performed on Acme's employees one month ago revealed no significant psychological stresses or problems -> Again, a weakener. They have already been tested psychologically.

Let me know in case of any doubt.

P.S: Sorry, GMATNinja :)


Hi Bro,

Going by this explanation, option A and option D are alike. If we give reason other than those stated in the passage the option will weaken the passage. However, option D also gives "many reason" i.e. it is saying other than the reasons stated by the author there are many other reasons. Thus it should be weakener.

Please throw some light on this.

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2017, 02:28
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gmatexam439 wrote:
Hi Bro,

Going by this explanation, option A and option D are alike. If we give reason other than those stated in the passage the option will weaken the passage. However, option D also gives "many reason" i.e. it is saying other than the reasons stated by the author there are many other reasons. Thus it should be weakener.

Please throw some light on this.

Regards


Hi gmatexam439 ,

No, you are taking option D in the wrong way.

A is providing us an alternate reason. Hence, a weakener.

Now, let's talk about D.

It was the firm that concluded that since working conditions are good, it must be their psychological issues.

Note that they are not considering the opinion of people while coming up to this conclusion. Assuming that they are asking people would be wrong.

Now, D is saying when asked from people, they stated different reasons. How do you know these were not just the psychological problems of them?

Hence, D is actually a kind of strengthener to what the firm concluded.

Now, I know that why you mentioned different reasons out of D. You are assuming that the author's conclusion is based on what people said. But it is not true.

It is obvious to state that if I have different psychological problem, I would say a different reason for my problem. So, it is all about their mental problems and not any alternate reason.

Does that makes sense?
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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com  [#permalink]

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Re: A confidential survey revealed that 75 percent of the employees of Com   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2019, 06:58
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