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# A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges

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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2017, 10:53
ritula wrote:
A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts. Citing this, a reader wrote to lament that this was further evidence of the decline of academic rigor in American post high school education.

Which of the following is an assumption on the part of the reader?
a The percentage of American colleges granting liberal arts degrees would continue to drop.
b All colleges should grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts.
c Most post-secondary scientific, engineering, and vocational training does not involve as much academic rigor as liberal arts training.
d Academic rigor is the most important aspect of post high school education.
e Of the colleges that do not grant the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, many granted fewer than a quarter of their degrees in the liberal arts.

colleges granting a majority of their degrees in the liberal arts mentioned in the article. To draw this conclusion, the reader must assume that degrees not in the liberal arts were not as academically rigorous.

(A) It is not necessary for the reader to assume that the percentage will continue to drop. The reader's conclusion concerns the present. Assumptions must be both unstated and necessary.
(B) This extreme statement is not a necessary assumption. The reader does not have to assume that all colleges should do so; the conclusion only relies on an assumption that 5.5% is too low.
(C) CORRECT. To conclude that the low percentage of colleges granting the majority of their degrees in the liberal arts indicates a decline in academic rigor, the reader must assume that other degree programs required less academic rigor. If not, this evidence would not indicate a decline in academic rigor.
(D) This is not a necessary assumption. The relative importance of academic rigor is irrelevant to the reader’s claim. That claim only asserts that academic rigor, in isolation, is in decline. The claim has nothing to do with its importance relative to other attributes.
(E) It is not necessary to assume anything specific about the schools that do not grant a majority of their degrees in the liberal arts, as they are not the subject of the evidence or the conclusion. The reader feels that the low percentage mentioned is evidence enough; it is not necessary to assume any arbitrary level below the 50% of degrees standard that the article and the reader use.
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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2018, 08:25
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: A recent article stated that only 5.5% of American colleges   [#permalink] 20 Oct 2018, 08:25

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