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According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women

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According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Nov 2017, 14:13
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 238
Page: 690

According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women in state legislatures has grown in every election since 1968.

(A) the number of women in state legislatures has grown

(B) the number of women who are in state legislatures have grown

(C) there has been growth in the number of women in state legislatures

(D) a growing number of women have been in state legislatures

(E) women have been growing in number in state legislatures

Originally posted by pjreddy_rec on 23 Aug 2005, 15:44.
Last edited by hazelnut on 30 Nov 2017, 14:13, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 06 Jul 2018, 07:19
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According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women in state legislatures has grown in every election since 1968.
(A) the number of women in state legislatures has grown
(B) the number of women who are in state legislatures have grown
(C) there has been growth in the number of women in state legislatures
(D) a growing number of women have been in state legislatures
(E) women have been growing in number in state legislatures

"the number of" takes a singular verb. "The number of" act as the subject of the sentence.
hence "the number of" (Subject) would perfectly go with "has".
Option B: 'the number of women who are in state legislatures have grown' goes out because of the above mentioned reason.
Option C: 'there has been growth in the number of women in state legislatures' there has no antecedent. Hence the ambiguity of antecedent makes option C go out.
Option D: 'a growing number of women have been in state legislatures' goes out as we don't need present perfect progressive here. We simply need present perfect here.
Option E: 'women have been growing in number in state legislatures' goes out as it distorts the meaning of the sentence. "women have been growing" is different from "the number of ... has grown"

Originally posted by HimanshuW11 on 25 Apr 2018, 09:46.
Last edited by HimanshuW11 on 06 Jul 2018, 07:19, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2005, 09:43
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Nothing wrong with A.

In fact all the other choices, change the original meaning of the sentence. Also, the number of women... has grown, is correct.
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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2005, 10:07
Not sure about A.
Should not the tense used be present continous rather than simple past???
Even though in passive voice, I guess, C sounds correct.

Niranjan-
OA Plz.

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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2005, 10:24
I thought C too..but it seems to suggest "there has been growth in number of women" as in they have grown something....

So i will go with A...
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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2005, 15:07
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A for me too.

is it true that "THE number of X" is singular whereas "A number of Y" is plural?
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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2005, 07:27
The number + noun: singular verb
One more vote for A coz it is clear and concise

pjreddy_rec wrote:
According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women in state legislatures has grown in every election since 1968.
(A) the number of women in state legislatures has grown
(B) the number of women who are in state legislatures have grown
(C) there has been growth in the number of women in state legislatures
(D) a growing number of women have been in state legislatures
(E) women have been growing in number in state legislatures
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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2016, 05:37
Hi, I have a question regarding the tense of "has grown". Is "has been growing" a wrong way to say the same thing?
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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2016, 07:26
asailesh7 wrote:
Hi, I have a question regarding the tense of "has grown". Is "has been growing" a wrong way to say the same thing?


The number -------> Has grown ( Correct S-V issue )

Has been growing is Present Perfect Continuous tense which is not preferred here...

Please go through this link to revise the concept on Present Perfect Continuous

http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/pre ... nuous.html

Hope this helps.....

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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2016, 05:50
According to the question the sentences "every election since 1968" and "recent study by university" implies that the activity has started in 1968 but still continuing (AFAIK). So we should use have been/has been right.

Why are we using "has" here? Started in past and continuing in present then we should use present perfect tense right.
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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2016, 07:34
sai897 wrote:
According to the question the sentences "every election since 1968" and "recent study by university" implies that the activity has started in 1968 but still continuing (AFAIK). So we should use have been/has been right.

Why are we using "has" here? Started in past and continuing in present then we should use present perfect tense right.


Subject - Verb Agreement -

According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women in state legislatures has grown in every election since 1968.

Errors in the other options highlighted in RED

(B) the number of women who are in state legislatures have grown
(C) there has been growth in the number of women in state legislatures
(D) a growing number of women have been in state legislatures
(E) women have been growing in number in state legislatures


Hope this helps !!

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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2016, 01:16
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(A) the number of women in state legislatures has grown
– correct. “the number” is singular, has is singular. As "since" is used, the verb tense should be present perfect tense (has/have)
(B) the number of women who are in state legislatures have grown
– “the number” is singular, have is plural. "Who are -> women are" has NO Subject- Verb error
(C) there has been growth in the number of women in state legislatures.
– passive voice, modifier should modify the noun, not there (no antecedent for there). Present perfect continuous tense is not required
(D) a growing number of women have been in state legislatures
– “a number” is singular, have is plural. Present perfect continuous tense is not required
(E) women have been growing in number in state legislatures
– changes meaning, number of women growing and women growing are not same. Present perfect continuous tense is not required

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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2018, 15:57
alwaysnewbie you mentioned that A number is singular. However based on my learning a number is plural. Can you confim my understanding below and provide a source for information. I will appreciate it.

The number- Singular
A number- Plural

Also could you provide somesource where you
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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2018, 01:45
Rocket7 wrote:
alwaysnewbie you mentioned that A number is singular. However based on my learning a number is plural. Can you confim my understanding below and provide a source for information. I will appreciate it.

The number- Singular
A number- Plural

Also could you provide somesource where you


Correct. This is how it works.

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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2018, 04:03
If something X has grown, then the correct Idiom is "X has grown"; "there has been growth in X" is unidiomatic.

Therefore, option C is incorrect.
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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2018, 18:41
alwaysnewbie wrote:
(A) the number of women in state legislatures has grown
– correct. “the number” is singular, has is singular. As "since" is used, the verb tense should be present perfect tense (has/have)
(B) the number of women who are in state legislatures have grown
– “the number” is singular, have is plural. "Who are -> women are" has NO Subject- Verb error
(C) there has been growth in the number of women in state legislatures.
– passive voice, modifier should modify the noun, not there (no antecedent for there). Present perfect continuous tense is not required
(D) a growing number of women have been in state legislatures
– “a number” is singular, have is plural. Present perfect continuous tense is not required
(E) women have been growing in number in state legislatures
– changes meaning, number of women growing and women growing are not same. Present perfect continuous tense is not required

Thanks



In D, plural "have" is correct since the subject is "women" and not "number". Also we just need present perfect since there is "since" there. Avoid choices with unnecessary "ing" verbs on GMAT.
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Re: According to a recent study by Rutgers University, the number of women &nbs [#permalink] 04 Nov 2018, 18:41
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