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According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from

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According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from  [#permalink]

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According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from severely debilitating depression, a large majority of the patients reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression. Yet sleep deprivation is not used to treat depression even though the conventional treatments, which use drugs and electric shocks, often have serious side effects.

Which of the following, if true, best explains the fact that sleep deprivation is not used as a treatment for depression?

(A) For a small percentage of depressed patients, missing a night's sleep induces a temporary sense of euphoria.

(B) Keeping depressed patients awake is more difficult than keeping awake people who are not depressed.

(C) Prolonged loss of sleep can lead to temporary impairment of judgement comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.

(D) The dramatic shifts in mood connected with sleep and wakefulness have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.

(E) Depression returns in full force as soon as the patient sleeps for even a few minutes.

Originally posted by nitindas on 15 Mar 2009, 05:06.
Last edited by hazelnut on 11 Mar 2018, 01:06, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the question.
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New post 15 Dec 2012, 07:48
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nitindas wrote:
According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from severly debilitating depression, a large majority of the patients reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression.Yet sleep deprivation is not used to treat depression even though the conventional treatments,which use drugs and electric shocks,often have serious side effects.

which of the following,if true,best explains the fact that sleep deprivation is not used as a treatment for depression?
1. For a small percentage of depressed patients,missing a night's sleep induces a temporary sense of euphoria.
2. Keeping depressed patients awake is more difficult than keeping awake people who are not depressed.
3. Prolonged loss of sleep can lead to temporary impairment of judgement comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.
4. The dramatic shifts in mood connected with sleep and wakefulness have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.
5. Depression returns in full force as soon as the patient sleeps for even a few minutes.



1,2 and 4 are out of our scope . The question asks us while sleep-deprivation is cure for debilitating depresion , why the doctors use other methods such as drug,electric shocks.

I agree that C also can support the argument that it is not cure. But be careful there is "can" there . It is a possibility, it may happen or not happen.

While in E it is clearly stated that if the depressed person sleep , when he wakes then the depression returns so the sleep deprivation is solely a permanent solution. In the long run there will be no result obtained from this treatment.
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New post 15 Mar 2009, 12:09
The answer is E but can you please explain the same.

Since the question asks to explain why sleep deprivation is not used as a treatment for depression.

and option E talks about return of depression when the patient sleeps.
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New post 15 Mar 2009, 12:29
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Yes you have to Explain "why sleep deprivation is not used"..thats means why "patient is not allowed to sleep?"
E Explains it becoz if Doctor uses it as Treatment, the prob(of debilitating depression) will not be solved
becoz as E says "Depression returns in full force "

According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from severly debilitating depression, a large majority of the patients reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression.Yet sleep deprivation is not used to treat depression even though the conventional treatments,which use drugs and electric shocks,often have serious side effects.

which of the following,if true,best explains the fact that sleep deprivation is not used as a treatment for depression?
1. For a small percentage of depressed patients,missing a night's sleep induces a temporary sense of euphoria.
2. Keeping depressed patients awake is more difficult than keeping awake people who are not depressed.
3. Prolonged loss of sleep can lead to temporary impairment of judgement comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.
4. The dramatic shifts in mood connected with sleep and wakefulness have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.
5. Depression returns in full force as soon as the patient sleeps for even a few minutes.
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Re: According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2009, 10:45
While I agree that E is the correct answer, How in the world will/can Sleep deprivation help depression?

I had to make sure twice/thrice the meaning of the word "lifted"

Lifted (removed/increased) I know its the former because the Q asks for reasons on why it is not being used.

Where is this Q from?
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New post 18 Mar 2009, 21:25
My explanation is :

Stem: X should be used as a treatment because X doesnt have a side effect.
E says: Depression returns in full force which is also a side effect of using this treatment and possibly is not a treatment for depression.

Hence E.
nitya34 wrote:
Yes you have to Explain "why sleep deprivation is not used"..thats means why "patient is not allowed to sleep?"
E Explains it becoz if Doctor uses it as Treatment, the prob(of debilitating depression) will not be solved
becoz as E says "Depression returns in full force "

According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from severly debilitating depression, a large majority of the patients reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression.Yet sleep deprivation is not used to treat depression even though the conventional treatments,which use drugs and electric shocks,often have serious side effects.

which of the following,if true,best explains the fact that sleep deprivation is not used as a treatment for depression?
1. For a small percentage of depressed patients,missing a night's sleep induces a temporary sense of euphoria.
2. Keeping depressed patients awake is more difficult than keeping awake people who are not depressed.
3. Prolonged loss of sleep can lead to temporary impairment of judgement comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.
4. The dramatic shifts in mood connected with sleep and wakefulness have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.
5. Depression returns in full force as soon as the patient sleeps for even a few minutes.
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Re: According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2010, 13:47
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Hey Icandy,

While everyone is on top of the right answer here, I thought I'd respond to Icandy's complaint with a general note. Remember, it's not your place to get too involved with the "realities" of the premises. If the passage lists something as a fact, then you must accept it as a fact.

Also, for what it's worth, most of the passages are taken from actual science, so unless this is a terribly faked passage, there is probably some science to back up the claim.

Hope that helps!

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New post 15 Mar 2010, 08:26
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I am confused with this question and will appreciate if someone can help me.

"loss of sleep lifted their depression" means "loss of sleep increased their depression" or "reduced their depression"?

lift means to raise or increase. Then how do we decide that in context of this question the meaning of lift was to "remove depression"

Coming to the question, the author says that "Loss of sleep cannot be used for treatment of depression" and we have to find a reason to support that.

How did we conclude on (E) as the answer. Can some one please explain this.
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New post 18 Mar 2010, 17:51
Hey Seekmba,

Actually, lifted does not mean raised in this context. It means more like "lifted away". If I say that my depression has lifted, it means that it has gone away. To be more specific, here are two definitions taken from my trusty dictionary:

[ intrans. ] move upward; be raised : Thomas's eyelids drowsily lifted | their voices lifted in wails and cries.
• [ intrans. ] (of a cloud, fog, etc.) move upward or away : the factory smoke hung low, never lifted | the gray weather lifted on the following Wednesday.

The question here refers to that second definition.

Hope that helps!

-t
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Re: According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2012, 15:06
nitindas wrote:
According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from severly debilitating depression, a large majority of the patients reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression.Yet sleep deprivation is not used to treat depression even though the conventional treatments,which use drugs and electric shocks,often have serious side effects.

which of the following,if true,best explains the fact that sleep deprivation is not used as a treatment for depression?
1. For a small percentage of depressed patients,missing a night's sleep induces a temporary sense of euphoria.
2. Keeping depressed patients awake is more difficult than keeping awake people who are not depressed.
3. Prolonged loss of sleep can lead to temporary impairment of judgement comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.
4. The dramatic shifts in mood connected with sleep and wakefulness have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.
5. Depression returns in full force as soon as the patient sleeps for even a few minutes.



What I can infer that its a Resolve paradox type question:
Paradox: "There are many methods ,which are used despite of having side effects, So why not sleep deprivation used, which too has side effect"
Before I jump to POE it reminds me of a Question from OG 13 Question 20, which also follows the same reasoning.
Using the same reasoning i think the answer should be D not E.........He does not uses Sleep deprivation because he does not the medication for it in case of side effect.
E states that Depression returns in full force as soon as patient sleeps for even a few min.....>>>>>>>>>>i.e. to say its better to keep him awake or deprived of sleep.

Please comment after referring to the question of the OG.

Awaiting responses.................
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New post 15 Dec 2012, 20:47
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Archit143 wrote:
nitindas wrote:
According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from severly debilitating depression, a large majority of the patients reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression.Yet sleep deprivation is not used to treat depression even though the conventional treatments,which use drugs and electric shocks,often have serious side effects.

which of the following,if true,best explains the fact that sleep deprivation is not used as a treatment for depression?
1. For a small percentage of depressed patients,missing a night's sleep induces a temporary sense of euphoria.
2. Keeping depressed patients awake is more difficult than keeping awake people who are not depressed.
3. Prolonged loss of sleep can lead to temporary impairment of judgement comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.
4. The dramatic shifts in mood connected with sleep and wakefulness have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.
5. Depression returns in full force as soon as the patient sleeps for even a few minutes.



What I can infer that its a Resolve paradox type question:
Paradox: "There are many methods ,which are used despite of having side effects, So why not sleep deprivation used, which too has side effect"
Before I jump to POE it reminds me of a Question from OG 13 Question 20, which also follows the same reasoning.
Using the same reasoning i think the answer should be D not E.........He does not uses Sleep deprivation because he does not the medication for it in case of side effect.
E states that Depression returns in full force as soon as patient sleeps for even a few min.....>>>>>>>>>>i.e. to say its better to keep him awake or deprived of sleep.

Please comment after referring to the question of the OG.

Awaiting responses.................


'C' is just stating general side-effect occured by sleep deprivation but not how that side-effect can effect depression.
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New post 16 Dec 2012, 03:24
Aristocrat wrote:
Archit143 wrote:
nitindas wrote:
According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from severly debilitating depression, a large majority of the patients reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression.Yet sleep deprivation is not used to treat depression even though the conventional treatments,which use drugs and electric shocks,often have serious side effects.

which of the following,if true,best explains the fact that sleep deprivation is not used as a treatment for depression?
1. For a small percentage of depressed patients,missing a night's sleep induces a temporary sense of euphoria.
2. Keeping depressed patients awake is more difficult than keeping awake people who are not depressed.
3. Prolonged loss of sleep can lead to temporary impairment of judgement comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.
4. The dramatic shifts in mood connected with sleep and wakefulness have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.
5. Depression returns in full force as soon as the patient sleeps for even a few minutes.



What I can infer that its a Resolve paradox type question:
Paradox: "There are many methods ,which are used despite of having side effects, So why not sleep deprivation used, which too has side effect"
Before I jump to POE it reminds me of a Question from OG 13 Question 20, which also follows the same reasoning.
Using the same reasoning i think the answer should be D not E.........He does not uses Sleep deprivation because he does not the medication for it in case of side effect.
E states that Depression returns in full force as soon as patient sleeps for even a few min.....>>>>>>>>>>i.e. to say its better to keep him awake or deprived of sleep.

Please comment after referring to the question of the OG.

Awaiting responses.................


'C' is just stating general side-effect occured by sleep deprivation but not how that side-effect can effect depression.


hey i think you have not read my post well.. my doubt was between D and E because the question is on the same lines as one of the questions of OG mentioned in my previous post
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New post 18 Dec 2012, 16:53
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Reason i elim 'd' is dramatic **** in mood should not be specifically depression it is generalizing all kind of mood such as
depression,excitement,anxiety etc. When here we r talkin about just depression.

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New post 17 Aug 2013, 13:36
According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from severely debilitating depression, a large majority of the patients reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression. Yet sleep-deprivation is not used to treat depression even though the conventional treatments, which use drugs and electric shocks, often have serious side effects.
Which of the following, if true, best explains the fact that sleep-deprivation is not used as a treatment for depression?

(A) For a small percentage of depressed patients, missing a night's sleep induces a temporary sense of euphoria.
(B) Keeping depressed patients awake is more difficult than keeping awake people who are not depressed.
(C) Prolonged loss of sleep can lead to temporary impairment of judgment comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.
(D) The dramatic shifts in mood connected with sleep and wakefulness have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.
(E) Depression returns in full force as soon as the patient sleeps for even a few minutes.
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New post 17 Aug 2013, 13:42
raiprem123 wrote:
According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from severely debilitating depression, a large majority of the patients reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression. Yet sleep-deprivation is not used to treat depression even though the conventional treatments, which use drugs and electric shocks, often have serious side effects.
Which of the following, if true, best explains the fact that sleep-deprivation is not used as a treatment for depression?

(A) For a small percentage of depressed patients, missing a night's sleep induces a temporary sense of euphoria.
(B) Keeping depressed patients awake is more difficult than keeping awake people who are not depressed.
(C) Prolonged loss of sleep can lead to temporary impairment of judgment comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol.
(D) The dramatic shifts in mood connected with sleep and wakefulness have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry.
(E) Depression returns in full force as soon as the patient sleeps for even a few minutes.


for discussion refer here:

according-to-a-review-of-61-studies-of-patients-suffering-76592.html#p576956

according-to-a-review-of-61-studies-of-patients-suffering-73372.html#p544491

according-to-a-review-of-61-studies-of-patients-suffering-26526.html#p177664

time-yourself-2-mins-according-to-a-review-of-61-studies-of-36192.html#p248871


please avoid unnecessary threads.search before posting.thanks

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New post 09 Sep 2013, 04:36
can anyone help
I have a little query .I picked C.My line of reasoning was as the option says that the loss of sleep caused impairment of judgement and the people reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression,cant it be a case where because of this impairment in judgement they felt relieved of their depression while actually they were not.As soon as they gained proper judgement they they felt depressed.So this is supposed to mean loss of slep actually does not lift depression and gives the strongest cause for it not to be used as a treatment.
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New post 06 Sep 2017, 22:25
According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from severly debilitating depression, a large majority of the patients reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression.Yet sleep deprivation is not used to treat depression even though the conventional treatments,which use drugs and electric shocks,often have serious side effects.

which of the following,if true,best explains the fact that sleep deprivation is not used as a treatment for depression?

Type - explain
Boil it down - for most people , sleep deprivation reduces depression
- Yet Sleep deprivation is not used to treat depression even though conventional treatments have side effects

1. For a small percentage of depressed patients,missing a night's sleep induces a temporary sense of euphoria. - Irrelevant
2. Keeping depressed patients awake is more difficult than keeping awake people who are not depressed. - Irrelevant - difficulty is not a concern here
3. Prolonged loss of sleep can lead to temporary impairment of judgement comparable to that induced by consuming several ounces of alcohol. -Irrelevant
4. The dramatic shifts in mood connected with sleep and wakefulness have not been traced to particular changes in brain chemistry. - Irrelevant
5. Depression returns in full force as soon as the patient sleeps for even a few minutes. - Correct - okay so reduction in depression is temporary

Answer E
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Re: According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2018, 15:19
TommyWallach
hello, I have a question. I do not know whether there will be a new pattern on the actual gmat question. Does it happen?
Back to the topic on gmatclub, do you agree with me that E is an uncommon pattern?
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New post 13 Jul 2018, 21:36
Avinash99 wrote:
can anyone help
I have a little query .I picked C.My line of reasoning was as the option says that the loss of sleep caused impairment of judgement and the people reported that missing a night's sleep immediately lifted their depression,cant it be a case where because of this impairment in judgement they felt relieved of their depression while actually they were not.As soon as they gained proper judgement they they felt depressed.So this is supposed to mean loss of slep actually does not lift depression and gives the strongest cause for it not to be used as a treatment.


I also have doubt with C. Why C is wrong. My reasoning is aligned with above mentioned reasoning. Can anyone please clear my doubt?
Re: According to a review of 61 studies of patients suffering from &nbs [#permalink] 13 Jul 2018, 21:36

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