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# According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health

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Manager
Joined: 04 Dec 2008
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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 20 Dec 2018, 04:31
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45% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:38) correct 34% (01:42) wrong based on 1166 sessions

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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

(A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

(B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

(C) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

(D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent

(E) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent

Originally posted by joyseychow on 02 Apr 2009, 22:39.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 Dec 2018, 04:31, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2009, 00:47
7
I'd go with C. A pronoun is not needed at all immediately following the introductory prepositional phrase followed by the appositive. Try taking out the appositive, "a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s)," and read it that way. Since the pronoun is not needed, that means that neither A nor D is the answer. That leaves B, C, and E. Since both B and E use a plural pronoun to refer to a singular antecedent, that leaves C as the answer.
##### General Discussion
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2009, 10:09
5
noboru wrote:
46. According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

(A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be
(B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year
(C) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be
(D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent
(E) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent

it is between C and D. In D,I think, 'it' doesn't sound right as a subject. and 'that' after semi colon refers to what? 'profit' or 'Interstudy'?

I pick C..
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2009, 23:28
3
According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

(A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

(B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

(C) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

(D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent

(E) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent
A- they is plural reference
B-they plural
C-ambiguas reference
D-corrrect
E-they is plural reference
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2010, 06:17
3
C for me at the first instant..

According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be.

The correct part of the sentence needs to be followed by the clause itself.. Hence, leaves choice C and E. E is incorrect cos the choice uses "they".
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2011, 04:10
3
noboru wrote:
Whats wrong in D with "it"?
Thanks.

the problem is with the structure.
According to Interstudy, an organization, it estimates

the following construction is not only correct but also sounds right.
According to Interstudy, an organization, only 607 HMO’s were profitable last year
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2009, 22:53
2
The sentence tests modifier
A and D are out as they unnecessarily use pronouns. B & E have pronoun error. B also uses being wrongly.

C is the clear winner.
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2016, 20:18
2
1
AnotherGmater wrote:
In the OA, C, isn't the "36 percent of nation" singular? Can someone explain why it is being considered plural?

It is not "36 percent of nation", but "36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s". HMO's are countable (607 to be precise) and hence 36% of them are also countable (plural).
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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2019, 20:43
2
tonymouse wrote:
I'm a non-native, and I don't understand what "it estimates that this year 73 percent will be" at all, since I've never seen a sentence structure like this. Could anyone explain it?

tonymouse , I am not sure which part of the clause that you quote does not make sense.

Maybe the words that are missing after 73 percent and will be?
Words have been omitted. This construction is called ellipsis or elliptical construction.
We can drop words in English.
Elliptical construction is among the hardest subjects to tackle, even for native speakers.

My shortened version of correct answer (C):
According to Interstudy, only 36 percent of HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be.

When I write in the words that have been omitted, the sentence is:

According to Interstudy, only 36 percent of HMOs were profitable last year;
it[Insterstudy] estimates that this year 73 percent [of HMOs] will be [profitable].

• it = Interstudy (the non-profit organization that does this kind of analysis)
A pronoun such as IT can refer to a noun in a previous clause even if the two clauses are separated by a semicolon.

• estimates that this year 73 percent [of HMOs]
The "of HMOs" is omitted after the second percentage because we know that we are comparing
profitability of HMOs. (What else would 73 percent refer to if not HMOs?)

We can omit words as long as meaning is clear and we do not break
any grammar rules such as parallelism.

• will be [profitable]
The adjective and subject complement "profitable" is dropped the second time
that HMOs are . . . well, they are not mentioned explicitly, but HMOs are referred to by the words "73 percent."

We omit words because repetition can create leaden prose, or wordy prose, or both.

I hope that I cleared up whatever was confusing about the clause that you highlighted.

If not, ask a question that is a little more specific, and tag me or someone else.
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2011, 05:04
1
sgupta0827 wrote:
Was stuck between C and D. Chose D because C had a construction "estimate...will be". I know "will" is only used for certainty. How can estimation be so certain? Can someone please explain? But, D has a bigger problem of "year" getting "modified" by "that" clause. Both of them are faulty. In these cases, does anyone know which one to choose?

According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

(A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

(B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

(C) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

(D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent

(E) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent

ok - I go by the meaning.....and then to the Logic....and then the grammar,etc
A - Wrong grammatically (beginning with THEY - no referrent)
B - Grammar - 1 - Comapared To [X}, [Y] - Parallelism issue,
2 - (they estimate 73 percent) should be (they estimate THAT 73 percent)
C - Meaning fine, Logic fine, Grammar (yes, some ppl noticed - estimates that.....will be) is wrong construction - But kept it aside because did not feel this to be a make/break issue
D - Wrong grammatically (beginning with IT - no referrent)
E - Grammar - 1 - (607 HMO’s last year were profitable) should be (607 HMO’s last year being profitable)
2 - [X], WHEREAS [Y] - Parallelism error
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 23 Oct 2011, 23:32
1
2 points:

The performer of the estimation is a single institude, so any choice mentioning 'they' which is referring to the institude is false.

so A , B , E are out

In D, 'last year that was only 36 percent' is ambiguous, since the word 'that' has no reference.
according to the context, 'that' should refer to 'the percentage of HWO's that are profitable'; but this is not explicitly mentioned in the sentence. So D is out.

Originally posted by egoistwlv on 23 Oct 2011, 19:10.
Last edited by egoistwlv on 23 Oct 2011, 23:32, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2011, 09:31
Was stuck between C and D. Chose D because C had a construction "estimate...will be". I know "will" is only used for certainty. How can estimation be so certain? Can someone please explain? But, D has a bigger problem of "year" getting "modified" by "that" clause. Both of them are faulty. In these cases, does anyone know which one to choose?
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2011, 09:40
______________________
Whats wrong in D with "it"?
Thanks.
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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17 Nov 2016, 21:01
In the OA, C, isn't the "36 percent of nation" singular? Can someone explain why it is being considered plural?
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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 22 Mar 2019, 20:50
I'm a non-native, and I don't understand "it estimates that this year 73 percent will be" at all, since I've never seen a sentence structure like this. Could anyone explain it?

Originally posted by tonymouse on 22 Mar 2019, 18:22.
Last edited by tonymouse on 22 Mar 2019, 20:50, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2019, 20:57
1
generis wrote:
tonymouse wrote:
I'm a non-native, and I don't understand what "it estimates that this year 73 percent will be" at all, since I've never seen a sentence structure like this. Could anyone explain it?

I am not sure which part of the clause that you quote does not make sense.

Maybe the words that are missing after 73 percent and will be?
Words have been omitted. This construction is called ellipsis or elliptical construction.
We can drop words in English.
Elliptical construction is among the hardest subjects to tackle, even for native speakers.

My shortened version of correct answer (C):
According to Interstudy, only 36 percent of HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be.

When I write in the words that have been omitted, the sentence is:

According to Interstudy, only 36 percent of HMOs were profitable last year;
it[Insterstudy] estimates that this year 73 percent [of HMOs] will be [profitable].

• it = Interstudy (the non-profit organization that does this kind of analysis)
A pronoun such as IT can refer to a noun in a previous clause even if the two clauses are separated by a semicolon.

• estimates that this year 73 percent [of HMOs]
The "of HMOs" is omitted after the second percentage because we know that we are comparing
profitability of HMOs. (What else would 73 percent refer to if not HMOs?)

We can omit words as long as meaning is clear and we do not break
any grammar rules such as parallelism.

• will be [profitable]
The adjective and subject complement "profitable" is dropped the second time
that HMOs are . . . well, they are not mentioned explicitly, but HMOs are referred to by the words "73 percent."

We omit words because repetition can create leaden prose, or wordy prose, or both.

I hope that I cleared up whatever was confusing about the clause that you highlighted.

If not, ask a question that is a little more specific, and tag me or someone else.

Thank you so much and that solved my problem! I know this phenomenon but I hadn't encountered so much ellipsis in an SC question and didn't reflect to it. I appreciate it so much that I got replied in such a short time with a perfect explanation. Thank you again!
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2019, 21:20
tonymouse wrote:
Thank you so much and that solved my problem! I know this phenomenon but I hadn't encountered so much ellipsis in an SC question and didn't reflect to it. I appreciate it so much that I got replied in such a short time with a perfect explanation. Thank you again!

You are very welcome. I am glad I could help, and I appreciate the feedback.
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health  [#permalink]

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10 May 2020, 05:32
joyseychow wrote:
According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

(A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

(B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

(C) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

(D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent

(E) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent

Poor question. A non profit organisation has no verb.
Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health   [#permalink] 10 May 2020, 05:32