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Administrator: Because revenue fell by 15 percent this year, the unive

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Administrator: Because revenue fell by 15 percent this year, the unive  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2019, 00:56
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Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:38) correct 39% (01:55) wrong based on 108 sessions

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Administrator: Because revenue fell by 15 percent this year, the university needs to reduce next year’s budget. This could be accomplished by eliminating faculty positions. It could also be accomplished by reducing faculty salaries. Since we will not eliminate any faculty positions, we must reduce faculty salaries.

The administrator’s reasoning is flawed because the administrator

(A) presumes, without providing justification, that more money would be saved by reducing faculty salaries than would be saved by eliminating faculty positions
(B) presumes, without providing justification, that the budget cannot be reduced unless faculty positions are eliminated or faculty salaries are reduced
(C) ignores the possibility that, though budget cuts will be needed, they will not need to be as high as 15 percent
(D) presumes, without providing justification, that some faculty members will leave their jobs rather than accept a reduced salary
(E) ignores the possibility that the budget could be reduced by eliminating some faculty positions and reducing the remaining faculty members’ salaries

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Re: Administrator: Because revenue fell by 15 percent this year, the unive  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jan 2019, 10:13
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Administrator: Because revenue fell by 15 percent this year, the university needs to reduce next year’s budget. This could be accomplished by eliminating faculty positions. It could also be accomplished by reducing faculty salaries. Since we will not eliminate any faculty positions, we must reduce faculty salaries.

Type -flaw
Boil it down- Since we will not eliminate any faculty positions, we must reduce faculty salaries.

(A) presumes, without providing justification, that more money would be saved by reducing faculty salaries than would be saved by eliminating faculty positions - incorrect - the argument DOES NOT compare the amount of money saved by the two methods
(B) presumes, without providing justification, that the budget cannot be reduced unless faculty positions are eliminated or faculty salaries are reduced - Correct - the argument assumes that there are ONLY TWO ways to accomplish the goal
(C) ignores the possibility that, though budget cuts will be needed, they will not need to be as high as 15 percent - Incorrect - the argument NEVER claims that budget cut needs to be 15$
(D) presumes, without providing justification, that some faculty members will leave their jobs rather than accept a reduced salary - Irrelevant
(E) ignores the possibility that the budget could be reduced by eliminating some faculty positions and reducing the remaining faculty members’ salaries- Incorrect - it goes against the premise 'Since we will not eliminate any faculty positions'

Answer B
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Re: Administrator: Because revenue fell by 15 percent this year, the unive   [#permalink] 21 Jan 2019, 10:13
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