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After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all

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After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 14 Jul 2018, 17:58
2
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A
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C
D
E

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After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all wild fish peaked in 1989; since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued, prompting conservation efforts designed to help prevent population crashes and possible extinctions.

(A) fish peaked in 1989; since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued, prompting

(B) fish peaked in 1989, but with the total catch since then declining or plateauing in the case of most species, prompting

(C) fish had peaked in 1989; since that time, the decline or plateau of the total catch for most species, which prompted

(D) fish, which peaked in 1989, and, in the case of most species, it has declined or plateaued since, prompted

(E) fish, which peaked in 1989 but has since declined or plateaued for most species, and this prompted

https://www.nytimes.com/1999/11/09/science/conservationists-write-a-seafood-menu-to-save-fish.html

A growing number of people prefer fish to red meat or chicken as a way to promote health and longevity. But worldwide, after centuries of steady growth, the total catch of wild fish peaked in 1989 and has since declined or plateaued for most species, prompting efforts to avoid population crashes and the possibility in some cases of extinction of stocks.

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Originally posted by alimad on 17 Jun 2008, 18:33.
Last edited by hazelnut on 14 Jul 2018, 17:58, edited 3 times in total.
Edited and added OA
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Re: After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all  [#permalink]

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New post 10 May 2013, 23:58
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The correct choice is indeed A, although my road to Rome is different.
Let’s look at the grammar first.

After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all wild fish peaked in 1989; since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued, prompting conservation efforts designed to help prevent population crashes and possible extinctions.

A. fish peaked in 1989; since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued, prompting—
1. The total annual catch of all wild fish peaked in 1989; this is IC 1 with a sub and verb of its own.
2. Since that time- means from that time or after that time, since is a preposition here and not a subordinate conjunction.
3. Since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued—this is IC 2, with a subject and verb of its own. Ignore for the time being, - since that time – which is an introductory prepositional phrase.
4. prompting conservation efforts designed to help prevent population crashes and possible extinctions – A modifier with a present participle( prompting) and a past participle( designed); Ask the question what prompted the conservations efforts? You will get the answer as the act of declining or the plateuing.
A perfectly grammatical structure.


B. fish peaked in 1989, but with the total catch since then declining or plateauing in the case of most species, prompting --- The IC 1 is ok, but the second IC is lacking a working verb; therefore, the structure is a fragment.

C. fish had peaked in 1989; since that time, the decline or plateau of the total catch for most species, which prompted -- importantly, the second IC lacks a working verb for the subject decline or plateau. ''Prompted is the verb of the relative clause that starts with which. So the second part is again a fragment.

D. fish, which peaked in 1989, and, in the case of most species, it has declined or plateaued since, prompted ---bunch of errors here. Structurally, the relative pronoun which refers to fish, while it should refer to the catch, because it is the catch that peaked, and declined or plateaued. Secondly, the pronoun ‘it’ is redundant. Thirdly the part - which peaked in 1989, and, in the case of most species, it has declined or plateaued since – is unparallel; fourthly, the choice says the catch of the wild fish prompted the conservation measures, which is factually incorrect( after ignoring the portion that is offset in commas)

E. fish, which peaked in 1989 but has since declined or plateaued for most species, and this prompted --- The same problem of touch rule of relative pronoun which as in D; Serious error in meaning since the choice means to say that the catch of the wild fish prompted conservation efforts. It is actually the decline or the flattening the prompted the conservation efforts.

So one may see the simpleness and correctness of A. All in all, a comprehensive wholesome question to practice modification, relative pronoun touch rule, meaning change, redundancy,and fragmentation - OMG! what is left! a kudo to the poster.
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Re: After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jun 2008, 18:51
alimad wrote:
After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all wild fish peaked in
1989; since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued,
prompting
conservation efforts designed to help prevent population crashes and possible
extinctions.
A. fish peaked in 1989; since that time, the total catch for most species has declined
or plateaued, prompting
B. fish peaked in 1989, but with the total catch since then declining or plateauing in
the case of most species, prompting
C. fish had peaked in 1989; since that time, the decline or plateau of the total catch
for most species, which prompted
D. fish, which peaked in 1989, and, in the case of most species, it has declined or
plateaued since, prompted
E. fish, which peaked in 1989 but has since declined or plateaued for most species,
and this prompted


I would keep it simple and go with A... :-D

D, E - use of which after fish...
C - use of past perfect, decline or plateau, placement of which
B - wrong use of participles, awkward
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Re: After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2013, 15:13
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Sunny143 wrote:
alimad wrote:
After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all wild fish peaked in
1989; since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued,
prompting
conservation efforts designed to help prevent population crashes and possible
extinctions.
A. fish peaked in 1989; since that time, the total catch for most species has declined
or plateaued, prompting
B. fish peaked in 1989, but with the total catch since then declining or plateauing in
the case of most species, prompting
C. fish had peaked in 1989; since that time, the decline or plateau of the total catch
for most species, which prompted
D. fish, which peaked in 1989, and, in the case of most species, it has declined or
plateaued since, prompted
E. fish, which peaked in 1989 but has since declined or plateaued for most species,
and this prompted


I would keep it simple and go with A... :-D

D, E - use of which after fish...
C - use of past perfect, decline or plateau, placement of which
B - wrong use of participles, awkward


I disagree,

Clause 1= After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all wild fish peaked in 1989 (total annual catch is the subject and peaked is the verb:
Clause 2= since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued. prompting conservation efforts designed to help prevent population crashes and possible extinctions ( now this is where it gets interesting, should this be treated as independent or a dependent clause? coz if independent what does since that time refer to?
I will say it should be dependent, and in that case it cannot have a semi-colon and therefore choice A is incorrect.
I will pick B. also notice the verb-ing modifier "prompting" correctly modifies the previous clause's subject.

Expert advise required..
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Re: After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2013, 15:33
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nikhil007 wrote:
I disagree,

Clause 1= After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all wild fish peaked in 1989 (total annual catch is the subject and peaked is the verb:
Clause 2= since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued. prompting conservation efforts designed to help prevent population crashes and possible extinctions ( now this is where it gets interesting, should this be treated as independent or a dependent clause? coz if independent what does since that time refer to?
I will say it should be dependent, and in that case it cannot have a semi-colon and therefore choice A is incorrect.
I will pick B. also notice the verb-ing modifier "prompting" correctly modifies the previous clause's subject.

Expert advise required..


The correct answer is A.

Lets analyze A and B.

After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all wild fish peaked in 1989; since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued, prompting conservation efforts designed to help prevent population crashes and possible extinctions.

The verb "has declined" express an action that started in the past, but continues is the present. Correct
The "ING + COMMA" (prompting ) correctly refers to the preceding clause, it expresses the results of the decline

After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all wild fish peaked in 1989, but with the total catch since then declining or plateauing in the case of most species, prompting conservation efforts designed to help prevent population crashes and possible extinctions.

The ING form in the highlighted verbs is wrong. The ING form used as a verb must include an "is/are", however even in this case this option would be wrong.The present perfect is the correct choice. Let me add also that "but" is the wrong connector.

The semicolon in the GMAT connects two independent/main clauses, but they can be connected. Refer here

Does this help? Let me know
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Re: After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all  [#permalink]

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New post 13 May 2013, 04:39
After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all wild fish peaked in 1989; since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued, prompting conservation efforts designed to help prevent population crashes and possible extinctions.
A. fish peaked in 1989; since that time, the total catch for most species has declined or plateaued, prompting
Correct
B. fish peaked in 1989, but with the total catch since then declining or plateauing in the case of most species, prompting
prompting is used in wrong tense
C. fish had peaked in 1989; since that time, the decline or plateau of the total catch for most species, which prompted
Usage of which is wrong
D. fish, which peaked in 1989, and, in the case of most species, it has declined or plateaued since, prompted
Usage of which is wrong
E. fish, which peaked in 1989 but has since declined or plateaued for most species, and this prompted
Usage of which is wrong
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Re: After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2018, 00:03
HI broall , Vyshak ,

Please tag as GMATPrep EP2. Have got the question in today mock. Sorry to trouble Moderators :-)
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Re: After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2019, 07:05
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: After increasing steadily for centuries, the total annual catch of all   [#permalink] 25 Apr 2019, 07:05
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