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# As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to

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As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2004, 17:02
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As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory bulbs that go back to the brain, sharks are capable of smelling even a few molecules of blood in the water.

A-- As a result of having
B-- As a result of it having
C-- Because they have
D-- Because of having
E-- Because of their having
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 05 Aug 2013, 05:10, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
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28 Nov 2004, 01:04
I am stuck between 'A' and 'D'. But i will go with 'D'.

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28 Nov 2004, 06:39
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(C) best
"because" is prefer better than "as a result of". The use of "having" is awkward.
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28 Nov 2004, 12:10
Between 'A' & 'D', my choice is 'D'.
A pronoun usually refers to something earlier in the text - so I eliminated 'C' because of the pronoun 'they' to refer to sharks which appears in the latter part of the sentence.
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28 Nov 2004, 12:57
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Between 'A' & 'D', my choice is 'D'.
A pronoun usually refers to something earlier in the text - so I eliminated 'C' because of the pronoun 'they' to refer to sharks which appears in the latter part of the sentence.

"They" supposes to refer to "sharks", nothing wrong with that.

Because sharks have nostrils,...
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28 Nov 2004, 13:47
qhoc0010, There is a lot of difference between 'Because sharks have nostrils,..............., they are capable of smelling.....' and 'Because they have nostrils,..............., sharks are capable of smelling.....' - refer to my previous post.
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28 Nov 2004, 21:16
OA is C

I really want to understand as to when can the pronoun come before the noun.... as it is used in this case ...

Can someone explain
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28 Nov 2004, 21:19
A pronoun can never come before the noun it refers. Check out
http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/pronouns.htm
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28 Nov 2004, 21:28
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Pronouns do not have to refer to something coming earlier in the passage, they can refer to things coming later in the passage also. rthothad, you missed what the link said: "A pronoun usually refers to something earlier in the text..." This is not the case when the sentence starts off with an introductory modifier. The passage here needs a personal pronoun in the earlier part, the dependent clause(also introductory modifier) to refer to "sharks" of the independent clause, the latter part.

A and D do not have such a pronoun to link the subject of the introductory modifier to the subject of the latter part "sharks". B has an improper pronoun reference. E improperly use possessive pronoun to refer to "sharks"; we need personal pronoun!
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28 Nov 2004, 21:41
Paul, Yes I overlooked the 'usually' in the link but I am of the view that a pronoun should ALWAYS have an antecedent - because a pronoun is a substitute for a noun and if the pronoun is going to precede a noun the whole point of having a pronoun seems odd - just my observation.
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28 Nov 2004, 21:59
Paul, Yes I overlooked the 'usually' in the link but I am of the view that a pronoun should ALWAYS have an antecedent - because a pronoun is a substitute for a noun and if the pronoun is going to precede a noun the whole point of having a pronoun seems odd - just my observation.

I disagree with that. To support my view, consider this link: http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/sent ... _placement
Look at the first example given involving Maria. Also, would you consider these following sentences as grammatically wrong?
1- Because they have more developed brains than other animals, apes are considered more intelligent
2- When it launched the project, the firm firmly believed in its viability

As a matter of fact, there are numerous examples of these kind of introductory modifier questions with pronouns referring to subsequent nouns in PR, SC885 and Kaplan.
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29 Nov 2004, 04:17
Paul, Thanks for taking your time to explain some things. I am not finished with my OG yet so I am not sure about PR, SC885 and Kaplan. I am going to go look for 'Initial Modifiers' in OG - to convince myself that GMAT does test us on these things.
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As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2013, 05:08
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As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory bulbs that go back to the brain, sharks are capable of smelling even a few molecules of blood in the water.
(A) As a result of having
(B) As a result of their having
(C) Because they have
(D) Because of having
(E) Because of their having

I am posting this question again because the previous post was inconclusive...

Could you suggest how to deal with the question?

Category Of SC: EXPRESSION..

Hit kudos if my post is useful.....

Last edited by Zarrolou on 05 Aug 2013, 05:13, edited 1 time in total.
Merging similar topics.
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2013, 12:51
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domfrancondumas wrote:
As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory bulbs that go back to the brain, sharks are capable of smelling even a few molecules of blood in the water.
(A) As a result of having
(B) As a result of their having
(C) Because they have
(D) Because of having
(E) Because of their having

I am posting this question again because the previous post was inconclusive...

Could you suggest how to deal with the question?

Category Of SC: EXPRESSION..

Hit kudos if my post is useful.....

A=D and B=E, therefore, C is the only correct choice. It looks like some people are having trouble eliminating A. Try rearranging the sentence.
"Sharks are capable of smelling even a few molecules of blood in the water as a result of having nostrils"
"Sharks are capable of smelling even a few molecules of blood in the water because they have nostrils"

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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2015, 13:59
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2016, 23:16
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Kaplan OE:
This is an example of a SC question that explicitly and almost exclusively tests expression, As a result of having is not grammatically offensive, and it works fine with the rest of the sentence, but is rather wordy and indirect. (B), (D),(E) share the same basic structure with the imprecise of having expression. An active sentence or phase starts with the subject (they) and then moves to the verb (have) and object (nostrils). Active expression is generally the most effective expression in the GMAT; always choose it when presented with a grammatically correct option as well. (C) is the best option because it is the most active and the most clear.
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As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2016, 00:25
smarty_cry wrote:
I am stuck between 'A' and 'D'. But i will go with 'D'.

Hi there,
Remember this, because of +ing is almost always wrong.
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2016, 07:45
Pronz wrote:
Kaplan OE:
This is an example of a SC question that explicitly and almost exclusively tests expression, As a result of having is not grammatically offensive, and it works fine with the rest of the sentence, but is rather wordy and indirect. (B), (D),(E) share the same basic structure with the imprecise of having expression. An active sentence or phase starts with the subject (they) and then moves to the verb (have) and object (nostrils). Active expression is generally the most effective expression in the GMAT; always choose it when presented with a grammatically correct option as well. (C) is the best option because it is the most active and the most clear.

the explanation from the pesons creating the question is not clear enough.

the main problem for this question is the use of "doing" as a gerund and as a pure noun. grammar books do not explain this point well enough. this is the reason for which we do not understand this question and can not solve the next question.

this question have more to do with grammar than with meaning logic.
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2016, 22:04
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"Having" cannot be used in possession. Hence "having nostrils" is an incorrect usage. There is a cause and effect pattern in the sentence and "because" is the preferred entry point. Hence the only answer left is "C".
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to [#permalink]

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05 Mar 2016, 00:35
the fuction of "doing " in the sentence is hard point of grammar but most gmat expert can not explain fully
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to   [#permalink] 05 Mar 2016, 00:35

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# As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to

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