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As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory

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As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 03 Aug 2018, 01:50
4
13
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A
B
C
D
E

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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

58% (00:48) correct 42% (00:54) wrong based on 660 sessions

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As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory bulbs that go back to the brain, sharks are capable of smelling even a few molecules of blood in the water.


(A) As a result of having

(B) As a result of their having

(C) Because they have

(D) Because of having

(E) Because of their having

Originally posted by taklu on 27 Nov 2004, 17:02.
Last edited by Bunuel on 03 Aug 2018, 01:50, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2013, 12:51
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As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory bulbs that go back to the brain, sharks are capable of smelling even a few molecules of blood in the water.


(A) As a result of having

(B) As a result of their having

(C) Because they have

(D) Because of having

(E) Because of their having

A=D and B=E, therefore, C is the only correct choice. It looks like some people are having trouble eliminating A. Try rearranging the sentence.
"Sharks are capable of smelling even a few molecules of blood in the water as a result of having nostrils"
"Sharks are capable of smelling even a few molecules of blood in the water because they have nostrils"
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As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2009, 22:30
1

KAPLAN OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:




This is an example of a Sentence Correction question that explicitly and almost exclusively tests expression. As a result of having is not grammatically offensive, and it works fine with the rest of the sentence, but it is rather wordy and indirect. (B), (D), and (E) share the same basic structure with the imprecise of having expression. An active sentence or phrase starts with the subject (they) and then moves to the verb (have) and object (nostrils). Active expression is generally the most effective expression on the GMAT; always choose it when presented with a grammatically correct option as well. (C) is the best option because it is the most active and the most clear.
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2004, 21:19
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A pronoun can never come before the noun it refers. Check out
http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/pronouns.htm
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2004, 21:28
1
Pronouns do not have to refer to something coming earlier in the passage, they can refer to things coming later in the passage also. rthothad, you missed what the link said: "A pronoun usually refers to something earlier in the text..." This is not the case when the sentence starts off with an introductory modifier. The passage here needs a personal pronoun in the earlier part, the dependent clause(also introductory modifier) to refer to "sharks" of the independent clause, the latter part.

A and D do not have such a pronoun to link the subject of the introductory modifier to the subject of the latter part "sharks". B has an improper pronoun reference. E improperly use possessive pronoun to refer to "sharks"; we need personal pronoun!
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2009, 20:33
IMO C...they clearly refer Sharks
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2016, 22:04
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"Having" cannot be used in possession. Hence "having nostrils" is an incorrect usage. There is a cause and effect pattern in the sentence and "because" is the preferred entry point. Hence the only answer left is "C".
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2016, 23:45
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The pronoun " they" in this sentence is not ambiguous. It refers to the Sharks. If you skip the portion between the two commas from "called" to "brain" then "they" refers to sharks. Hence you can directly connect the pronoun to the subject. Remember the main subject of the sentence cannot be between two commas.
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2016, 00:35
the fuction of "doing " in the sentence is hard point of grammar but most gmat expert can not explain fully
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2016, 18:02
thangvietnam wrote:
the fuction of "doing " in the sentence is hard point of grammar but most gmat expert can not explain fully


Yes, I could not find any convincing reasoning why as a result of + gerund is wrong. Therefore I would approach the question in a different way:

V-A-N rule (Manhattan GMAT SC strategy guide) - verbs preferred to adjectives, adjectives preferred to nouns. The following examples are from the Manhattan SC guide:

Wordy: Her example was an inspiration (noun) to me. Better: Her example inspired (verb) me.
Wordy: They made a reference (noun) to the strike. Better: They referred (verb) to the strike.

In our example:
having nostrils - having is a gerund, i.e. a noun (gerund is a verb used as a noun)
have: a verb

As per V-A-N rule, verbs are preferred to nouns. Therefore, I would go with C.

A word of caution: V-A-N rule is to be used as a last resort,when other more serious grammatical or meaning errors cannot be identified.
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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Aug 2018, 02:01
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: As a result of having nostrils, called nares, connected to olfactory &nbs [#permalink] 03 Aug 2018, 02:01
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