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# Certainly,pesticides can adversely affect the environment

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Updated on: 01 Feb 2014, 10:16
4
14
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (01:18) correct 33% (01:26) wrong based on 656 sessions

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Certainly, pesticides can adversely affect the environment in localities distant from where the pesticide has actually been used. Nevertheless, regulation of pesticide use should not take place at the national level but at the local level. It is in the areas where pesticides are actually applied that they have their most serious effects. Just how serious these effects are depends on local conditions such as climate, soil type, and water supply. And local officials are much more likely than national legislators to be truly knowledgeable about such local conditions.

In the argument given, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second states that conclusion.
B. The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
C. The first identifies grounds for a potential objection to the conclusion of the argument; the second states that conclusion.
D. The first identifies grounds for a potential objection to the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
E. Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.

Originally posted by guerrero25 on 31 Jan 2014, 18:50.
Last edited by guerrero25 on 01 Feb 2014, 10:16, edited 1 time in total.
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31 Jan 2014, 19:10
7
1
IMO D

Conclusion: Nevertheless, regulation of pesticide use should not take place at the national level but at the local level.

1st bold: Possible premise opposing conclusion as indicated by 'Nevertheless'
2nd bold: Premise supporting conclusion of the argument.

A The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second states that conclusion. Incorrect. 2nd bold is not a conclusion
B The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion. Incorrect. 1st is not a conclusion.
C The first identifies grounds for a potential objection to the conclusion of the argument; the second states that conclusion. Incorrect. 2nd is not a conclusion.
D The first identifies grounds for a potential objection to the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion. Correct . Matches our prediction
E Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument. Incorrect. 1st bold is not in support of conclusion as indicated by word 'Nevertheless'
##### General Discussion
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19 Mar 2014, 08:47

The first BF says how pesticide use could have effect farther from local area and that is the reason why it is a potential objection to the conclusion.

IMHO, the conclusion of the argument is not explicitly stated but can be inferred - something like: even though pesticide use can have effects that stretch beyond local areas, the locals should handle that issue because they are more knowledgeable than national legislators. Thus, the second BF is not a conclusion itself, it is a support for that conclusion. Notice how the answer choices C and D differ only in what is a second BF.

By the way, since when is a BF type of question a sub-600 question? I thought that those are 700 level....
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25 Jan 2016, 10:15
Certainly, pesticides can adversely affect the environment in localities distant from where the pesticide has actually been used. (Opinion)
Nevertheless, regulation of pesticide use should not take place at the national level but at the local level. (Conclusion)
It is in the areas where pesticides are actually applied that they have their most serious effects. (support to conclusion)
Just how serious these effects are depends on local conditions such as climate, soil type, and water supply. And local officials are much more likely than national legislators to be truly knowledgeable about such local conditions. (Support to conclusion)

Pre-phrase: the first is an opinion againts the general conclusion, the second is a support to that conclusion.

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05 Jul 2017, 04:21
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Certainly, pesticides can adversely affect the environment in localities distant from where the pesticide has actually been used. Nevertheless, regulation of pesticide use should not take place at the national level but at the local level. It is in the areas where pesticides are actually applied that they have their most serious effects. Just how serious these effects are depends on local conditions such as climate, soil type, and water supply. And local officials are much more likely than national legislators to be truly knowledgeable about such local conditions.

In the argument given, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second states that conclusion.

(B) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.

(C) The first identifies grounds for a potential objection to the conclusion of the argument; the second states that conclusion.

(D) The first identifies grounds for a potential objection to the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.

(E) Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.

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05 Jul 2017, 10:29
Imo D
Only this option makes sense out of all they options .
The second statement supports the conclusion that pesticides should be regulated locally .It itself is not the conclusion of the argument .
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10 Sep 2017, 10:42
Certainly, pesticides can adversely affect the environment in localities distant from where the pesticide has actually been used. Nevertheless, regulation of pesticide use should not take place at the national level but at the local level. It is in the areas where pesticides are actually applied that they have their most serious effects. Just how serious these effects are depends on local conditions such as climate, soil type, and water supply. And local officials are much more likely than national legislators to be truly knowledgeable about such local conditions.

BF1- against the main conclusion
Conclusion - regulation of pesticide use should not take place at the national level but at the local level
BF2 - provides reason for Conclusion

In the argument given, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second states that conclusion. - Incorrect - the first goes against the conclusion ; the second does not state the conclusion
B. The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion. - Incorrect - the first does not state the conclusion
C. The first identifies grounds for a potential objection to the conclusion of the argument; the second states that conclusion. - BF2 is not the conclusion
D. The first identifies grounds for a potential objection to the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion. - Correct
E. Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument. - BF1 goes against the conclusion

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16 Sep 2017, 11:34
Certainly, pesticides can adversely affect the environment in localities distant from where the pesticide has actually been used. Nevertheless, regulation of pesticide use should not take place at the national level but at the local level. It is in the areas where pesticides are actually applied that they have their most serious effects. Just how serious these effects are depends on local conditions such as climate, soil type, and water supply. And local officials are much more likely than national legislators to be truly knowledgeable about such local conditions.

In the argument given, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?

IDENTIFY CONCLUSION: regulation of pesticide use should not take place at the national level but at the local level. It is in the areas where pesticides are actually applied that they have their most serious effects

A. The first provides support for the conclusion of the argument; the second states that conclusion.
- BF2 is not the conclusion

B. The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
- BF1 is not the conclusion

C. The first identifies grounds for a potential objection to the conclusion of the argument; the second states that conclusion.
- Same as "A"

D. The first identifies grounds for a potential objection to the conclusion of the argument; the second provides support for that conclusion.
- BF 1 objects to argument by saying it affects regions farther away too, BF 2 says yes thinking local matters b/c the most serious things happen locally

E. Each provides support for the conclusion of the argument.
- Both BF do not exactly support each other -- 1 says they affect environments far away, and 2 says they have most serious affects locally...

Key here is to FIND and HONE IN on CONCLUSION. If you're able to spot this, you should immediately see that NEITHER BF ARE THE CONCLUSION.
> Use POE. Then, to narrow down further to actual answer, see how each BF relates to Conclusion.

Re: Certainly,pesticides can adversely affect the environment &nbs [#permalink] 16 Sep 2017, 11:34
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