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# Contrary to the statements of labor leaders, the central

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19 Apr 2010, 15:22
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Contrary to the statements of labor leaders, the central economic problem facing America today is not the distribution of wealth. It is productivity. With the productivity of U.S. industry stagnant, or even declining slightly, the economic pie is no longer growing. Labor leaders, of course, point to what they consider an unfair distribution of the slices of pie to justify their demands for further increases in wages and benefits. And in the past, when the pie was still growing, management could afford to acquiesce. No longer. Until productivity resumes its growth, there can be no justification for further increases in the compensation of workers.
Which of the following statements by a labor leader focuses on the logical weakness in the argument above?
(A) Although the economic pie is no longer growing, the portion of the pie allocated to American workers remains unjustly small.
(B) If management fails to accommodate the demands of workers, labor leaders will be forced to call strikes that will cripple the operation of industry.
(C) Although productivity is stagnant, the U.S. population is growing, so that the absolute size of the economic pie continues to grow as well.
(D) As a labor leader, I can be concerned only with the needs of working people, not with the problems faced by management.
(E) The stagnation of U.S. industry has been caused largely by factors—such as foreign competition—beyond the control of American workers.
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19 Apr 2010, 16:25
I have to go with A.

(A) Although the economic pie is no longer growing, the portion of the pie allocated to American workers remains unjustly small. best choice
(B) If management fails to accommodate the demands of workers, labor leaders will be forced to call strikes that will cripple the operation of industry. Doesn't address the issue of distribution vs productivity
(C) Although productivity is stagnant, the U.S. population is growing, so that the absolute size of the economic pie continues to grow as well.I don't see how this weekens or strengthens wither arguement
(D) As a labor leader, I can be concerned only with the needs of working people, not with the problems faced by management. Doesn't address the arguement at all
(E) The stagnation of U.S. industry has been caused largely by factors—such as foreign competition—beyond the control of American workers. This is my second choice, but it addresses a third possible reason for the economic problems in Americ, but does not address the distribution/productivity arguement.
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20 Apr 2010, 06:34
narrowed it down to A & E

Will go with A. Obviously better choice than E
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21 Apr 2010, 19:55
Should be A, yes. All others seem outa scope.
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22 Apr 2010, 10:58
me too ... A.

Argument states: Contrary to the statements of labor leaders, the problem ... is not distribution of wealth.
Meaning: Labor leaders claim that the distribution of wealth is the actual problem.

The argument is against the Labor leaders, so to weaken the argument, we should strengthen the Labor leaders' claim. Which option 'A' does.
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22 Apr 2010, 12:35
(A) Although the economic pie is no longer growing, the portion of the pie allocated to American workers remains unjustly small. Correct-although the pie is no longer growing , the share allocated to workers should be fair enough and this is in infact very much contrary to what the management belives and hence points at the weak logic of the passage.
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23 Apr 2010, 02:02
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IMO: A
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08 Jul 2010, 05:48
A
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08 Jul 2010, 08:23
Unable to understand this one, everything going above the head

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08 Jul 2010, 12:53
"Labor leaders, of course, point to what they consider an unfair distribution of the slices of pie to justify their demands for further increases in wages and benefits"

this is the only statement labor leaders have to weaken the argument.

option A says the same.

But i really wonder what kind of question stem is that..
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09 Jul 2010, 08:22
Will go with A.
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10 Jul 2010, 22:23
somehow i go with C ..
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14 Jul 2010, 00:24
The ans should be (C). Premise in the question is "With the productivity of U.S. industry stagnant, or even declining slightly, the economic pie is no longer growing" and therefore no increments can be paid to the workers.

Howver, argument (C) challenges the premises stating that though productivity is same, the economic pie is increasing with the increase in population. Argument (A) just re-states the fact aleady mentioned in the passage.
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15 Jul 2010, 02:39
A
Although the economic pie is no longer growing, the portion of the pie allocated to American workers remains unjustly small. Correct-although the pie is no longer growing , the share allocated to workers should be fair enough and this is in infact very much contrary to what the management belives and hence points at the weak logic of the passage.
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15 Jul 2010, 03:00
What is OA??
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22 Jul 2010, 06:52
I reckon right answer is B - for very simple reason:

Labors issue: Unfair distribution
mgmt issue: Productivity low, how can we compensate workers better

Logical weakness: mgmt fails to understand the reason of low productivity - while the simple reason is that labor are going on strikes often which hurts productivity and hence the size of pie.

The question here is asking about the logical weakness - its slightly different from weaken/strengthen ques
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22 Jul 2010, 10:26
sandeepuc wrote:
The ans should be (C). Premise in the question is "With the productivity of U.S. industry stagnant, or even declining slightly, the economic pie is no longer growing" and therefore no increments can be paid to the workers.

Howver, argument (C) challenges the premises stating that though productivity is same, the economic pie is increasing with the increase in population. Argument (A) just re-states the fact aleady mentioned in the passage.

Well, C challenges part of the reasoning of the management. But still fails to make its point. If there is more population, then the new workers are already getting salary, and for management, more workers still increases the cost of operations. And C admits that the productivity is not increasing. Since management states that it will increase salaries only when productivity will grow, then C fails to weaken the reasoning.
But A points at another reason. The workers deserve better compensation because they are unjustly receiving a small portion of the pie. For me, this is a much stronger reason.
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22 Jul 2010, 16:38
Seems that A is really the correct choice:

contrary-to-statements-96535.html

I went for A too.
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28 Jul 2010, 22:54
A for me too.................

C..no for it because .........how come increase in population increase "economic" pie .....I feel its far fetched
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29 Jul 2010, 03:41
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IMO : A,,
Re: productivity of U.S   [#permalink] 29 Jul 2010, 03:41

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