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Intern  Joined: 04 Feb 2011
Posts: 43
Location: US
Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red, or green, or blue. If one egg  [#permalink]

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5 00:00

Difficulty:   5% (low)

Question Stats: 83% (01:06) correct 17% (00:59) wrong based on 214 sessions

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Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red, or green, or blue. If one egg is to be removed at random. what is the probability that the egg will be green?

(1) There are 5 red eggs in the bowl.
(2) The probability that the egg will be blue is 1/3
Manager  Joined: 14 Feb 2011
Posts: 144
Re: Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red, or green, or blue. If one egg  [#permalink]

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5
Lolaergasheva wrote:
Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red, or green, or blue. If one egg is to be removed at random. what is the probability that the egg will be green?
(1) There are 5 red eggs in the bowl.
(2) The probability that the egg will be blue is 1/3

If the bowl has R red, G green and B blue eggs, then probability of a green egg would be G/(R+G+B).

Statement 1 says, R=5, but we do not know anything about G and B. So ,insufficient

Statement 2 says, B/(R+G+B) = 1/3, which means that (R+G)/(R+G+B) = 2/3, but we still don't know enough to calculate G/(R+G+B) So , insufficient

Combining 1 and 2, we know (5+G)/(5+G+B) = 2/3, but this still has two variables, so cant solve.

Hence, E
General Discussion
Manager  Joined: 29 Jan 2011
Posts: 240
Re: Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red, or green, or blue. If one egg  [#permalink]

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From st 1 we get : probability of selecting 1 red = 1/5 --- Insufficient

From st 2 we get: probability of selecting 1 blue = 1/3 ---- Insufficient

Combining 1 and 2 we get =>

Probability of 1 red or 1 blue = 1/5 + 1/3

Probability of green = 1 - (1/5 + 1/3)

Hence should be C... What wrong with this logic ...Can someone explain the flaw?
Director  Joined: 01 Feb 2011
Posts: 540
Re: Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red, or green, or blue. If one egg  [#permalink]

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2
P(R) is not 1/5.

P(R) = R/(total)

Given that there are 5 Red . But we don't know the total . so we cannot calculate P(R) without knowing total.

1. Not sufficient
R=5
when G = 2 , B = 1 => P(G) = 2/8
when G=1, B=2 => P(G) = 1/8

2. Not Sufficient

P(B) = 1/3 = x/3x

But this doesn't tell us anything about B or total because P(B) = 1/3 , but it could also be 2/6 or 3/9 so on..

So we can have different B . Thus we can have different G combinations.

Together - Not Sufficient

P(B) = x/(3x) , R = 5

P(G) = 1- P( not G )

= 1- P(R or B)

But we cannot calculate this with out knowing P(R) and P(B).

Hence answer is E.

siddhans wrote:
From st 1 we get : probability of selecting 1 red = 1/5 --- Insufficient

From st 2 we get: probability of selecting 1 blue = 1/3 ---- Insufficient

Combining 1 and 2 we get =>

Probability of 1 red or 1 blue = 1/5 + 1/3

Probability of green = 1 - (1/5 + 1/3)

Hence should be C... What wrong with this logic ...Can someone explain the flaw?
Manager  Joined: 29 Jan 2011
Posts: 240
Re: Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red, or green, or blue. If one egg  [#permalink]

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Spidy001 wrote:
P(R) is not 1/5.

P(R) = R/(total)

Given that there are 5 Red . But we don't know the total . so we cannot calculate P(R) without knowing total.

1. Not sufficient
R=5
when G = 2 , B = 1 => P(G) = 2/8
when G=1, B=2 => P(G) = 1/8

2. Not Sufficient

P(B) = 1/3 = x/3x

But this doesn't tell us anything about B or total because P(B) = 1/3 , but it could also be 2/6 or 3/9 so on..

So we can have different B . Thus we can have different G combinations.

Together - Not Sufficient

P(B) = x/(3x) , R = 5

P(G) = 1- P( not G )

= 1- P(R or B)

But we cannot calculate this with out knowing P(R) and P(B).

Hence answer is E.

siddhans wrote:
From st 1 we get : probability of selecting 1 red = 1/5 --- Insufficient

From st 2 we get: probability of selecting 1 blue = 1/3 ---- Insufficient

Combining 1 and 2 we get =>

Probability of 1 red or 1 blue = 1/5 + 1/3

Probability of green = 1 - (1/5 + 1/3)

Hence should be C... What wrong with this logic ...Can someone explain the flaw?

If there are 5 red eggs doesnt probability of selecting one red ball out of 5 be 1/5?
Director  Joined: 01 Feb 2011
Posts: 540
Re: Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red, or green, or blue. If one egg  [#permalink]

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1
No. You are not selecting 1 ball out of 5 red balls.

Here we are talking about probability of with drawing 1 red ball out of n balls out of which lets say R are red.

probability = possible out comes/ total out comes

P(R=1) = Rc1/nc1

if you were to select 1 red ball out of 5 red balls then P(R=1) = 1/5.

siddhans wrote:
Spidy001 wrote:
P(R) is not 1/5.

P(R) = R/(total)

Given that there are 5 Red . But we don't know the total . so we cannot calculate P(R) without knowing total.

1. Not sufficient
R=5
when G = 2 , B = 1 => P(G) = 2/8
when G=1, B=2 => P(G) = 1/8

2. Not Sufficient

P(B) = 1/3 = x/3x

But this doesn't tell us anything about B or total because P(B) = 1/3 , but it could also be 2/6 or 3/9 so on..

So we can have different B . Thus we can have different G combinations.

Together - Not Sufficient

P(B) = x/(3x) , R = 5

P(G) = 1- P( not G )

= 1- P(R or B)

But we cannot calculate this with out knowing P(R) and P(B).

Hence answer is E.

siddhans wrote:
From st 1 we get : probability of selecting 1 red = 1/5 --- Insufficient

From st 2 we get: probability of selecting 1 blue = 1/3 ---- Insufficient

Combining 1 and 2 we get =>

Probability of 1 red or 1 blue = 1/5 + 1/3

Probability of green = 1 - (1/5 + 1/3)

Hence should be C... What wrong with this logic ...Can someone explain the flaw?

If there are 5 red eggs doesnt probability of selecting one red ball out of 5 be 1/5?
GMAT Club Legend  V
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 4018
Re: Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red, or green, or blue. If one egg  [#permalink]

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Top Contributor
Lolaergasheva wrote:
Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red, or green, or blue. If one egg is to be removed at random. what is the probability that the egg will be green?

(1) There are 5 red eggs in the bowl.
(2) The probability that the egg will be blue is 1/3

Target question: What is the probability that the egg will be green?
Upon scanning the two statements, it certainly seems like there isn't enough information (each statement mentions just 1 color, and neither statement mentions green eggs)
As such, we can probably head straight to....
.
.
.
Statements 1 and 2 combined
There are several scenarios that satisfy BOTH statements. Here are two:
Case a: There are 5 red eggs, 1 green egg and 3 blue eggs (notice that both statements are satisfied). In this case, the answer to the target question is P(select green egg) = 1/9
Case b: There are 5 red eggs, 3 green egg and 4 blue eggs (notice that both statements are satisfied). In this case, the answer to the target question is P(select green egg) = 3/12 = 1/4
Since we cannot answer the target question with certainty, the combined statements are NOT SUFFICIENT

Cheers,
Brent
_________________ Re: Each of the eggs in a bowl is dyed red, or green, or blue. If one egg   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2019, 05:51
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