GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 16 Dec 2018, 18:53

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in December
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
2526272829301
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
303112345
Open Detailed Calendar
• 10 Keys to nail DS and CR questions

December 17, 2018

December 17, 2018

06:00 PM PST

07:00 PM PST

Join our live webinar and learn how to approach Data Sufficiency and Critical Reasoning problems, how to identify the best way to solve each question and what most people do wrong.
• FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

December 16, 2018

December 16, 2018

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.

Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 01 Apr 2006
Posts: 167
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

Updated on: 08 Jun 2017, 18:22
14
1
48
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (00:43) correct 44% (00:44) wrong based on 1700 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A. less than they did
B. less than it did
C. less than they were
D. lower than
E. lower than they were

Could someone also explain what the difference is between A and C?

Thank,
jjhko

Originally posted by jjhko on 03 Sep 2006, 11:16.
Last edited by broall on 08 Jun 2017, 18:22, edited 2 times in total.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 1017
Location: United States
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Jul 2013, 22:48
17
8
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A, less than they did
Correct.
- "they" refers to "employment costs". (plural)
- "rose" || "did"
- less is comparative form of little. Costs: uncountable noun ==> "Less" is correct.

B, less than it did
Wrong. "it" is singular and is not parallel with "employment costs" - plural.

C, less than they were
Wrong."were" (auxiliary verb) is not parallel with "rose" (main verb)

D, lower than
Wrong.
Costs do not rise low/high (comparative forms are: lower/higher). The usage sounds awkward. Costs should rise little / much.
Please note that: lower is a comparative form of low. Lower is only be used with nouns that can be described as low. There is no clear rule for less/lower. Usually, you have to memorize the usage of less/lower for each situation. For example:
a low bridge
a low salary
a low water level
a low temperature
a low price

E, lower than they were
Wrong.
- The usage of "lower" is not correct.
- "were" (auxiliary verb) is not parallel with "rose" (main verb)

Hope it helps
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

General Discussion
Senior Manager
Joined: 14 Aug 2006
Posts: 357
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

03 Sep 2006, 13:00
6
I think it is A

Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in september, slightly less than they
did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

If the sentence was:
Employment costs were 2.8 percent ...slightly less than they were would be right
Manager
Joined: 26 May 2009
Posts: 234
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months  [#permalink]

Show Tags

21 Mar 2010, 12:12
2
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A. less than they did
B. less than it did
C. less than they were
D. lower than
E. lower than they were

In A --> replace they with employment costs and did with rose .... comparision looks fine so no issues.

and to your questions "lower than" --> slightly lower than <<what>> [you need a noun here for comparision]

so I would go with A.
Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2010
Posts: 73
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months  [#permalink]

Show Tags

22 Mar 2010, 13:26
2
1
acer2knight wrote:
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A. less than they did
B. less than it did
C. less than they were
D. lower than
E. lower than they were

In A --> replace they with employment costs and did with rose .... comparision looks fine so no issues.

and to your questions "lower than" --> slightly lower than <<what>> [you need a noun here for comparision]

so I would go with A.

Also,

Between A & C,

'rose' is parallel to 'did' in A and is not parallel to 'were' in C

hence A.
_________________

If you like my post, consider giving me a kudos. THANKS!

Manager
Joined: 21 Jan 2010
Posts: 153
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months  [#permalink]

Show Tags

23 Mar 2010, 04:30
1
Thanks for the reply. Kudos to all!

One follow-up question: I thought percent is countable and should be used with lower rather than less?

Thanks
Intern
Joined: 10 Jun 2012
Posts: 11
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Jul 2013, 22:50
for percents and fractions we use less not lower or fewer.
for time ,distance, money we use 'less'
for countable entities we use fewer

eg:fewer chocolates
less than \$541
less than 3 weeks
less than 3 kms

Higher and lower we use for physical entities
The height of the chair is lower than that of the table.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 1017
Location: United States
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

18 Jul 2013, 23:02
rainbooow wrote:
higher and lower we use for physical entities
The height of the chair is lower than that of the table.

Hi rainbooow

I absolutely agree with your explanation, but not the quote part. "higher and lower we use for physical entities"
For example: low price, low temperature, low music level, etc..

Regards.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

VP
Status: Far, far away!
Joined: 02 Sep 2012
Posts: 1063
Location: Italy
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

26 Jul 2013, 08:10
3
Employment costs rose up 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

We can eliminate B because it uses "it" to refer back to "costs".

A- less than they did
C- less than they were
D- lower than
E- lower than they were

If we use "were", the sentence makes no sense:

Employment costs rose up 2.8 percent in September, slightly less than they were in the year ...

We want to compare two rates; but this sentence compares a rate(costs rose up) to a static state (verb "to be": costs were)
Employment costs rose up 2.8 percent in September, slightly less than they were(say 10,000\$) in the year ...<== no sense comparison

C and E are out. D is not a complete comparison: "lower than (what?) in the year that ended ...". A is correct, and it compares how the costs rose (two growth rates):

Employment costs rose up 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did(=rose) in the year that ended in the previous quarter.
_________________

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Kant , Critique of Pure Reason

Tips and tricks: Inequalities , Mixture | Review: MGMAT workshop
Strategy: SmartGMAT v1.0 | Questions: Verbal challenge SC I-II- CR New SC set out !! , My Quant

Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum - Rules for Posting in the Quant Forum[/size][/color][/b]

Retired Moderator
Joined: 23 Jul 2010
Posts: 478
GPA: 3.4
WE: General Management (Non-Profit and Government)
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

19 Oct 2014, 16:34
2
Please remember ---Lower cannot be used with countable things.
Lower is used to compare numbers, rates, percentages,ranks, ideas ,uncountable nouns (amount of money in my bank account is lower than that in yours).etc

Here 'employment costs' is uncountable hence both less and lower could have worked but for using lower than we need some noun to follow the the comparison in the second part of the sentence...costs rose 2.8 percent lower than the percent for .. This isn't the case here. So we can drop D and E options.

Among A,B,C .
B is out since the plural costs does not agree with pronoun it
In option A and C --->Did vs Were .
A wins because we can't use were (option C) unless there was some other " to be"verb (was, were, am ,is ) to match/parallel it in the previous part of the sentence. Hence we use the action verb did (do)
Hope this helps.

For a more detailed discussion: http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/emp ... t6388.html
_________________

General Mistakes to Avoid on the GMAT
TOP 10 articles on Time Management on the GMAT
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

Rules for posting on the verbal forum

Retired Moderator
Joined: 23 Jul 2010
Posts: 478
GPA: 3.4
WE: General Management (Non-Profit and Government)
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months  [#permalink]

Show Tags

19 Oct 2014, 16:44
1
calvinhobbes wrote:
Thanks for the reply. Kudos to all!

One follow-up question: I thought percent is countable and should be used with lower rather than less?

Thanks

Any noun you can count ..say 1,2..10..100 is countable
1 boy, 10 points, 5% , 20 chocolates, -all countable

Rice,Sugar, joy, taxes, amount of money, heat --all uncountable

But when you say :
1 kg sugar, 15 1\$ bills, 15 degree celsius temperature --then it becomes countable.

Please NOTE : you cannot use lower with countable things.
HTH
_________________

General Mistakes to Avoid on the GMAT
TOP 10 articles on Time Management on the GMAT
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

Rules for posting on the verbal forum

Intern
Joined: 03 Dec 2015
Posts: 14
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months  [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Jan 2016, 18:31
If there were an answer "less than it had done", Could i consider it a more correct answer than the OA ??????
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2951
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months  [#permalink]

Show Tags

28 Jan 2016, 02:48
thanhphong01 wrote:
If there were an answer "less than it had done", Could i consider it a more correct answer than the OA ??????

Tryambak's explanation above is nice. However I shall try to elaborate further on the topic:

You may use helping verbs later in a sentence to replace longer verbs or verb phrases used in the initial portion of the sentence.

Wordy: I have never played football, but he has played football.
Correct: I have never played football, but he has.

OR

Wordy: I never played football, but he played football.
Correct: I never played football, but he did.

Please note that in such cases both the instances of the verbs should generally have the same tense. The first example above uses past perfect..past perfect. The second uses simple past.. simple past.

Therefore "less than they had done" may not be a correct answer, and should be written as "less than they had risen".

Another subtle point to note:

Your observation that a past perfect is a better choice than a simple past (on the basis of that the previous action happened before the latter action) may not be correct - the rising in the year ended previous quarter did not happen exclusively before the year ended this September. To illustrate this scenario, please understand the following:

Year ended previous quarter: July, previous year----> June, this year (1st July, previous year to 30th June, this year)
Year ended this September: October,previous year ------> September, this year (1st October previous year to 30th September, this year)

There has been overlap of 9 months between the 2 periods compared - viz., October, previous year to June, this year (1st October, previous year to 30th June, this year). Therefore use of past perfect for the previous period is not correct.
Director
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 862
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

29 May 2016, 00:57
1
danzig wrote:
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.
A, less than they did
B, less than it did
C, less than they were
D, lower than
E, lower than they were

What is wrong with D? What is the difference between "less" and "lower"? :s

Thanks!

D is wrong because
d mean "Lower than cost rose in the year". this is infered from elipsis.
cost rose 2 percent this year lower than costs rose that year. wrong, lower can not used to compare actions.
Manager
Joined: 01 Jun 2015
Posts: 218
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V26
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

26 Feb 2018, 21:07
Why can't we drop the verb(rose/did) and choose D as the right answer?We can omit verb in comparison.
VP
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 1023
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

26 Feb 2018, 23:12
techiesam wrote:
Why can't we drop the verb(rose/did) and choose D as the right answer?We can omit verb in comparison.

Hi techiesam, indeed the issue with D is not the absence of verb, but the use of lower.

rise cannot be lower; rise is less.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Intern
Joined: 30 Jan 2018
Posts: 16
Location: India
GMAT 1: 660 Q50 V29
GMAT 2: 740 Q49 V41
GPA: 3.17
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

28 Mar 2018, 04:27
I'm curious about this question. Isn't less only used when the quantity cannot be counted? In this case, we are given a concrete number - 2.8. Shouldn't that mean that less cannot be used
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2151
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

17 May 2018, 17:13
2
abhigulia3006 wrote:
I'm curious about this question. Isn't less only used when the quantity cannot be counted? In this case, we are given a concrete number - 2.8. Shouldn't that mean that less cannot be used

Quote:
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A. less than they did
B. less than it did
C. less than they were
D. lower than
E. lower than they were

Whenever "less" is used as a noun modifier, then it needs to modify a non-countable noun. So you can't say "less doughnuts", for example, because "doughnuts" are grammatically countable (one doughnut, two doughnuts, three doughnuts). You probably already know all of that.

The trouble is, that's not what's happening in this question at all. The word "less" is actually an adverb that modifies the verb "rose" here: "employment costs rose... less than they did [in the past]." There's absolute no problem with using "less" to modify a verb, and when that happens, there's no need to worry about whether the noun is countable or non-countable.

So in this particular sentence, it makes perfect sense to say "employment costs rose... less than they did..." "They" correctly refers back to "employment costs", and it would be wrong to use "it" -- so that eliminates (B).

As many others have pointed out, it also doesn't make sense to say "employment costs rose... lower..." So that eliminates (D) and (E).

Between (A) and (C), it's useful to recognize that "did" basically replaces the word "rose." So in (A), we have "employment costs rose... less than [employment costs rose] in the year that ended the previous quarter." That works! But in (C), it doesn't quite make as much sense: "employment costs rose... less than [employment costs] were in the year that ended the previous quarter." Huh? The phrase "less than employment costs were" doesn't convey the meaning clearly at all. So we're left with (A).

I hope this helps!
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (Now hiring!) | Instagram | Food blog | Notoriously bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

Series 1: Fundamentals of SC & CR | Series 2: Developing a Winning GMAT Mindset

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Hit the request verbal experts' reply button -- and please be specific about your question. Feel free to tag @GMATNinja in your post. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

Intern
Joined: 23 Sep 2017
Posts: 20
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

23 Sep 2018, 09:17
calvinhobbes wrote:
Thanks for the reply. Kudos to all!

One follow-up question: I thought percent is countable and should be used with lower rather than less?

Thanks

Numbers such as: population, cost, premium,area, interest rate, percent, we use "greater" and "less" for such numbers
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 402
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

26 Sep 2018, 03:17
jjhko wrote:
Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that ended in September, slightly less than they did in the year that ended in the previous quarter.

A. less than they did
B. less than it did
C. less than they were
D. lower than
E. lower than they were

Could someone also explain what the difference is between A and C?

Thank,
jjhko

look at choice D. because we have "in the year..." at at the second part of comparison and this phrase is parallel to "in the 12 monhs..." the cut off part must be " costs rise". and "cost rise lower" is not logic.
choice D can be correct if choice D is
"lower than the number of rise in cost in the year" . in this case the number 2.8 percent is compared with the number or rise. but because there is no phrase "the number" the comparison is about the two actions grammatically and , so, is not logic.
Re: Employment costs rose 2.8 percent in the 12 months that &nbs [#permalink] 26 Sep 2018, 03:17

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 21 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by