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# Even though the state has spent ten years and seven million

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Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 289
Even though the state has spent ten years and seven million [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2008, 00:57
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100% (00:41) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 2 sessions

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Even though the state has spent ten years and seven million dollars planning a reservoir along the Ubi River, the project will have to be abandoned as a result of the river becoming so heavily polluted.

(A) will have to be abandoned as a result of the river becoming so heavily polluted
(B) is to be abandoned on account of the heavy pollution which the river received
(D) has to be abandoned because of the river and its heavy pollution
(E) must be abandoned because the river has become so heavily polluted
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Joined: 17 Jun 2008
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11 Nov 2008, 02:43
E. Present perfect tenst followed by present tense.
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Joined: 21 Apr 2008
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Schools: Kellogg, MIT, Michigan, Berkeley, Marshall, Mellon

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11 Nov 2008, 06:44
Hi guys,

IMO E but I'm between D and E

(A) will have to be abandoned as a result of the river becoming so heavily polluted wordy
(B) is to be abandoned on account of the heavy pollution which the river received is to be adandomed... wordy
(C) had to be abandoned because the river had received such heavy pollution past perfect refering a future moment of present perfect
(D) has to be abandoned because of the river and its heavy pollution it could be, my main reason to discard it is because of the river and its heavy pollution
(E) must be abandoned because the river has become so heavily polluted Hold

OA?

@ scthakur: D is also Present perfect, why not D?

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Joined: 23 Jul 2008
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11 Nov 2008, 11:31
If we carefully analyse D it has a classic mistake MEANING

Had to be abandoned because its a river and had to be abandoned because of its pollution

Clearly E is the best answer
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Joined: 19 Nov 2007
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11 Nov 2008, 15:13
lylya4 wrote:
scthakur wrote:
E. Present perfect tenst followed by present tense.

why not A?

yea actually, I dont see anything wrong with A either.
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Joined: 29 Aug 2005
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11 Nov 2008, 15:16
I go with E
I highlighted two parts of each answer choice to make a point - one italic, one bold.
stallone wrote:
Even though the state has spent ten years and seven million dollars planning a reservoir along the Ubi River, the project will have to be abandoned as a result of the river becoming so heavily polluted.

(A) will have to be abandoned as a result of the river becoming so heavily polluted - "will have to" does not make sense in the context of a sentence - we need "have to"; bold highlight is an awkward phrase - more active phrase is need- "because the river has become" is much better.
(B) is to be abandoned on account of the heavy pollution which the river received - as above
(C) had to be abandoned because the river had received such heavy pollution - wrong tenses in each case
(D) has to be abandoned because of the river and its heavy pollution - horrendous phrase!
(E) must be abandoned because the river has become so heavily polluted - doesn't have the mistakes of the above choices!
Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
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11 Nov 2008, 15:21
OA is E but any strong reasons of dropping A ?

i dnt think A is wrong in meaning and neither the "will have" distort the meaning of the sentence ?
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11 Nov 2008, 15:30
stallone wrote:
OA is E but any strong reasons of dropping A ?

i dnt think A is wrong in meaning and neither the "will have" distort the meaning of the sentence ?

Yes. "Will have to" is ambiguous. Also, given a choice, GMAT strongly prefers active sentences/phrases. "E" corrects both pitfalls of A.
Intern
Joined: 11 Jul 2008
Posts: 29

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12 Nov 2008, 00:40
E has the same meaning as A, but states it in a more succinct manner (i.e. not unnecessarily wordy). All of those "ing" words, the long verb construction (will have to be ____), and the phrase "as a result of" (can be replaced by one word - "because") should raise a big red flag that they are looking for an answer choice that states things more directly. A is not grammatically incorrect (as far as I can tell), E just gets to the point without beating around the bush (and is also grammatically correct). If you have that MGMAT SC book, check out the first chapter where they're talking about Correctness, Concision, and Clarity. Concision is the main focus of this question, IMO.
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Joined: 26 Oct 2008
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12 Nov 2008, 22:48
This question uses a fairly sophisticated grammatical rule. Several of the wrong answers are easy to eliminate: C has the wrong tense; B uses "on account of", which is an informal substitute for "because" that the GMAT does not tolerate; and D changes the meaning, as hibloom says. That leaves A, which doesn't seem to have a clear and present error. It has various weaknesses, such as the unnecessary wordiness which Jorge points out, but we would like something less vague.

In fact, it does have one specific error: "Becoming" is a gerund (an "-ing" phrase playing the role of a noun), but "river" is not a possessive. The rule in formal English, unknown to most English speakers, is that if a gerund has a "subject", that word must be in the possessive. So for example, it is correct to write: "John's earning an MBA changed his life", but not "John earning an MBA changed his life". In this case, the phrase would have to be "as a result of the river's becoming so heavily polluted".

This is some rather obscure grammatical stuff.
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13 Nov 2008, 18:14
Somehow selected D

E makes sense
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14 Nov 2008, 13:31
grumpyoldman wrote:
This question uses a fairly sophisticated grammatical rule. Several of the wrong answers are easy to eliminate: C has the wrong tense; B uses "on account of", which is an informal substitute for "because" that the GMAT does not tolerate; and D changes the meaning, as hibloom says. That leaves A, which doesn't seem to have a clear and present error. It has various weaknesses, such as the unnecessary wordiness which Jorge points out, but we would like something less vague.

In fact, it does have one specific error: "Becoming" is a gerund (an "-ing" phrase playing the role of a noun), but "river" is not a possessive. The rule in formal English, unknown to most English speakers, is that if a gerund has a "subject", that word must be in the possessive. So for example, it is correct to write: "John's earning an MBA changed his life", but not "John earning an MBA changed his life". In this case, the phrase would have to be "as a result of the river's becoming so heavily polluted".

This is some rather obscure grammatical stuff.

Thanks. Nice tip
Re: sc   [#permalink] 14 Nov 2008, 13:31
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