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For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of

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For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2013, 11:31
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For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of all the integers from 1 to m, inclusive. How many prime numbers are there between $7 + 2 and $7 + 10, inclusive?

(A) None
(B) One
(C) Two
(D) Three
(E) Four

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Re: For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2013, 11:40
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megafan wrote:
For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of all the integers from 1 to m, inclusive. How many prime numbers are there between $7 + 2 and $7 + 10, inclusive?

(A) None
(B) One
(C) Two
(D) Three
(E) Four


$ is basically a factorial of a number.

So, we are asked to find the number of primes between 7!+2 and 7!+10, inclusive.

From each number 7!+k were \(2\leq{k}\leq{10}\) we can factor out k, thus there are no pries in the given range.

For example:
7!+2=2(3*4*5*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 2, thus not a prime;
7!+3=3(2*4*5*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 3, thus not a prime;
...
7!+10=10(3*4*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 10, thus not a prime.

Answer: A.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2013, 15:59
1
Nice way to solve the problem. If you factor out the k, it should be
7!+3=3(2*4*5*6*7+1)
...
7!+10=10(3*4*6*7+1)

Quote:
For example:
7!+2=2(3*4*5*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 2, thus not a prime;
7!+2=3(2*4*5*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 3, thus not a prime;
...
7!+10=2(3*4*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 10, thus not a prime.
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Re: For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2017, 11:31
7!+2=2(3*4*5*6*7+1)=not prime;
7!+2=3(2*4*5*6*7+1)=not prime;
.........................................
7!+10=10(3*4*6*7+1) = not prime.
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Re: For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2017, 22:57
megafan wrote:
For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of all the integers from 1 to m, inclusive. How many prime numbers are there between $7 + 2 and $7 + 10, inclusive?

(A) None
(B) One
(C) Two
(D) Three
(E) Four


megafan its a really nice question and a real 700 level question which tests one's aptitude of quant.

I just tried to calculate the value of 7! and then tried to find number which was surely a wrong approach.

Bunuel approach and solution is awesome, which added one more trick to my quant bucket.

7!+2 = 2(7*6*...*3)
7!+3 = 3(7*6..*4*2)
7!+4 = 4(7*6*5*3*2)
..
..
7!+10 = 10(7*6*4*3)

So, there are no prime numbers between $7 + 2 and $7 + 10, inclusive..

Answer A
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For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2018, 05:16
Bunuel wrote:
megafan wrote:
For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of all the integers from 1 to m, inclusive. How many prime numbers are there between $7 + 2 and $7 + 10, inclusive?

(A) None
(B) One
(C) Two
(D) Three
(E) Four


$ is basically a factorial of a number.

So, we are asked to find the number of primes between 7!+2 and 7!+10, inclusive.

From each number 7!+k where \(2\leq{k}\leq{10}\) we can factor out k, thus there are no primes in the given range.

For example:
7!+2=2(3*4*5*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 2, thus not a prime;
7!+3=3(2*4*5*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 3, thus not a prime;
...
7!+10=10(3*4*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 10, thus not a prime.

Answer: A.

Hope it's clear.


Hi Bunuel , I am trying to better understand this concept. So with this thought process, would any number 7!+k where k is a postive integer lead to a prime number?

Example k is 29, well 29(2*3*4*5*6*7+1) is not divisible by 29. it leads to 5069 which is prime.

Do we know that any number k that is within 7! (7,6,5...) will be a factor of k itself? And then we just have to decide for k=8,9, and 10? k=8 and 10 are even so obviously not prime. And it just so happens k=9 leads to 5049 which is divisible by 9.

I guess my question is how can we be sure that 7!+k where k is between 2 and 10 is prime? I see that 7!+7 is divisible by 7, but why is 7!+13 not divisible by 13?

Thanks
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Re: For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2018, 09:50
msurls wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
megafan wrote:
For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of all the integers from 1 to m, inclusive. How many prime numbers are there between $7 + 2 and $7 + 10, inclusive?

(A) None
(B) One
(C) Two
(D) Three
(E) Four


$ is basically a factorial of a number.

So, we are asked to find the number of primes between 7!+2 and 7!+10, inclusive.

From each number 7!+k where \(2\leq{k}\leq{10}\) we can factor out k, thus there are no primes in the given range.

For example:
7!+2=2(3*4*5*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 2, thus not a prime;
7!+3=3(2*4*5*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 3, thus not a prime;
...
7!+10=10(3*4*6*7+1) --> a multiple of 10, thus not a prime.

Answer: A.

Hope it's clear.


Hi Bunuel , I am trying to better understand this concept. So with this thought process, would any number 7!+k where k is a postive integer lead to a prime number?

Example k is 29, well 29(2*3*4*5*6*7+1) is not divisible by 29. it leads to 5069 which is prime.

Do we know that any number k that is within 7! (7,6,5...) will be a factor of k itself? And then we just have to decide for k=8,9, and 10? k=8 and 10 are even so obviously not prime. And it just so happens k=9 leads to 5049 which is divisible by 9.

I guess my question is how can we be sure that 7!+k where k is between 2 and 10 is prime? I see that 7!+7 is divisible by 7, but why is 7!+13 not divisible by 13?

Thanks


7! + k will NOT be a prime if 7! and k have a common factor other than 1. In this case we would be able to factor out that factor out of 7! + k. For example, 7! + 7 is not a prime because 7! and 7 have 7 as a common factor so we can factor out 7 out of 7! + 7: 7! + 7 = 7(6! + 1).

If 7! and k does NOT have a common factor other than 1, then 7! + k might or might not be a prime. For example, 7! + 11 = 5051, which IS a prime but 7! + 13 = 5053, which is NOT a prime.
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Resources:
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Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


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Re: For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of  [#permalink]

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New post 14 May 2018, 16:41
megafan wrote:
For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of all the integers from 1 to m, inclusive. How many prime numbers are there between $7 + 2 and $7 + 10, inclusive?

(A) None
(B) One
(C) Two
(D) Three
(E) Four


We see that $m is the conventional notation of m!. Thus, the problem asks for the number of prime numbers between 7! + 2 and 7! + 10, inclusive. Let’s analyze each of these numbers.

7! + 2: Since 2 divides into 7! and 2, 7! + 2 has 2 as a factor, and thus it’s not a prime.

7! + 3: Since 3 divides into 7! and 3, 7! + 3 has 3 as a factor, and thus it’s not a prime.

7! + 4: Since 4 divides into 7! and 4, 7! + 4 has 4 as a factor, and thus it’s not a prime.

7! + 5: Since 5 divides into 7! and 5, 7! + 5 has 5 as a factor, and thus it’s not a prime.

7! + 6: Since 6 divides into 7! and 6, 7! + 6 has 6 as a factor, and thus it’s not a prime.

7! + 7: Since 7 divides into 7! and 7, 7! + 7 has 7 as a factor, and thus it’s not a prime.

7! + 8: Since 8 divides into 7! (notice that 7! has factors 2 and 4) and 8, 7! + 8 has 8 as a factor, and thus it’s not a prime.

7! + 9: Since 9 divides into 7! (notice that 7! has factors 3 and 6) and 9, 7! + 9 has 9 as a factor, and thus it’s not a prime.

7! + 10: Since 10 divides into 7! (notice that 7! has factors 2 and 5) and 10, 7! + 10 has 10 as a factor, and thus it’s not a prime.

Thus, none of the integers between 7! + 2 and 7! + 10, inclusive, are prime.

Answer: A
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Re: For any integer m greater than 1, $m denotes the product of &nbs [#permalink] 14 May 2018, 16:41
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