Solution
Given:In this question, we are given that
• Hogwarts Express covers the distance between King’s Cross station and Hogsmeade station.
• On a certain day, the train travelled through a different track to reach the Hogsmeade.
To find:We need to determine
• On that certain day, whether the train was late by more than an hour of the scheduled time or not.
Analysing Statement 1As per the information given in statement 1, the average speed of Hogwarts Express on that trip was within 15 miles per hour of the regular average speed.
• If the average speed of the train on a regular day was S, then on that day the average speed was in the range: S – 15 ≤ average speed on that day ≤ S + 15
• However, we don’t have any specific information either about the average speed value or the distance covered.
Hence, statement 1 is not sufficient to answer the question.
Analysing Statement 2As per the information given in statement 2, the distance travelled on that day was within 30 miles of the original distance.
• If the distance travelled on a regular day was D, then on that day the distance travelled was in the range: D – 30 ≤ distance travelled on that day ≤ D + 30
• However, we don’t have any specific information either about the specific value of the distance travelled or the speed at which the distance was covered.
Hence, statement 2 is not sufficient to answer the question.
Combining Both StatementsIf we combine both statements, we get
• S – 15 ≤ average speed on that day ≤ S + 15
• D – 30 ≤ distance travelled on that day ≤ D + 30
However, we still cannot find the exact values of average speed or the distance travelled.
Hence, the correct answer is option E.
Answer: Eif you take i.e.
therefore, the guy could not deviate more than 1h from the 2.25h , so the guy CAN'T arrive more than 1h late, thus c).