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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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Re: If angle BAD is a right angle, what is the length of side  [#permalink]

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komalsudhir wrote:
Bunuel Thanks for your reply. Median from Angle BAD will divide the hypotenuse BD into two halves. And, from statement 1 we know that AC is perpendicular to BD so AC satisfies both conditions of being a perpendicular and a bisector. Therefore from these two conditions we know that Triangle BAD is isosceles triangle. Therefore, side AB is also 5 and it makes side BD as 5√2.

How do you know for (1) that AC is the median?
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GMAT 1: 470 Q30 V20 GMAT 2: 620 Q42 V33 Re: If angle BAD is a right angle, what is the length of side  [#permalink]

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here is my two cents
Attachments Foto.png [ 198.01 KiB | Viewed 1042 times ]

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Re: If angle BAD is a right angle, what is the length of side  [#permalink]

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chiragatara wrote: If angle BAD is a right angle, what is the length of side BD?

(1) AC is perpendicular to BD

(2) BC = CD

Using statements 1 and 2, we know that AC is the perpendicular bisector of BD. This means that triangle BAD is an isosceles triangle so side AB must have a length of 5 (the same length as side AD). We also know that angle BAD is a right angle, so side BD is the hypotenuse of right isosceles triangle BAD. If each leg of the triangle is 5, the hypotenuse (using the Pythagorean theorem) must be 5 underroot 2.

Can someone kindly explainthe underlined portion?

The goal here is to find the length of side BD. Since it's DS, the problem is not drawn to scale.

Statement 1) AC is perpendicular to BD.

We don't know if BC = BD, so this statement is insufficient. There are many possible triangles here that would give a different length of BD.

Statement 2) BC = CD

We don't know if AC is perpendicular to BD, so knowing that the two sides are equal doesn't help us.

Statements 1+2) We know that AC is the perpendicular bisector of BD, so that means that the line AC forms two isosceles triangles (ACD and ACB). Since the sides of the height is equal to their bases and two each other, then that means the two triangles are congruent. Since they are congruent, BAD is an isosceles triangle and its base, the hypotenuse of the triangle in this case, is 5 \sqrt{2}
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Re: If angle BAD is a right angle, what is the length of side  [#permalink]

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Kekki wrote:
Isn't it that in an right angle triangle a perpenidcular line to hupothenuses (BC) halves the 90 degree triangle into 45° and 45° degrees?

Hi Bunuel,

Small question here

Since the AC divides the triangle into three similar triangles. and we have side AD as 5. Cant we calculate ACD as a pyth triplet, hence 3-4-5 and then
AC/BC=CD/AC. This would give us BC??
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Re: If angle BAD is a right angle, what is the length of side  [#permalink]

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RedIndian wrote:
Kekki wrote:
Isn't it that in an right angle triangle a perpenidcular line to hupothenuses (BC) halves the 90 degree triangle into 45° and 45° degrees?

Hi Bunuel,

Small question here

Since the AC divides the triangle into three similar triangles. and we have side AD as 5. Cant we calculate ACD as a pyth triplet, hence 3-4-5 and then
AC/BC=CD/AC. This would give us BC??

Are you talking about the first statement? If yes, then are you saying that ACD is 3-4-5 right triangle? HOW do you know that? The fact that the length of a hypotenuse is 5 does NOT mean that it must necessarily be 3-4-5 type.
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If angle BAD is a right angle, what is the length of side  [#permalink]

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Bunuel wrote:
chiragatara wrote:
If angle BAD is a right angle, what is the length of side BD?

(1) AC is perpendicular to BD

(2) BC = CD

Using statements 1 and 2, we know that AC is the perpendicular bisector of BD. This means that triangle BAD is an isosceles triangle so side AB must have a length of 5 (the same length as side AD). We also know that angle BAD is a right angle, so side BD is the hypotenuse of right isosceles triangle BAD. If each leg of the triangle is 5, the hypotenuse (using the Pythagorean theorem) must be 5 underroot 2.

Can someone kindly explainthe underlined portion?

For such kind of graphic questions you MUST post the image. Next, please also do check the OA's when posting a question, OA for this one is C, not E.

Original question is below:

If angle BAD is a right angle, what is the length of side BD? (1) AC is perpendicular to BD
(2) BC = CD

Now, obviously each statement alone is not sufficient.

When taken together we have that AC is a perpendicular bisector. Now, if a line from a vertex to the opposite side is both perpendicular to it and bisects it then this side is a base of an isosceles triangle (or in other words if a bisector and perpendicular coincide then we have an isosceles triangle). You can check this yourself: in triangles ACD and ACB two sides are equal (AC=AC and BC=CD) and included angle between these sides are also equal (<ACD=<ACB=90) so we have Side-Angle-Side case (SAS), which means that ACD and ACB are congruent triangles, so AB=AD --> ABD is an isosceles triangle.

Next, as ABD is an isosceles triangle then AB=AD=5 and hypotenuse $$BD=5\sqrt{2}$$.

For more on this Triangles chapter of Math Book: http://gmatclub.com/forum/math-triangles-87197.html

Hope it helps.

Attachment:
triangleABCD.jpg

if angle A=60 then this traingle will be equilateral.right?

Also i have few doubts :
If the bisector of an angle in a triangle meets the opposite side at its midpoint, then the triangle is isosceles.?
is this correct .

or the bisector must meet the opposite side at mid point and at 90 degrees ( i.e. teh angle bisector line should be perp bisector of opposue side)

Plz clear

@chentan2u
Bunuel
plz xpln If angle BAD is a right angle, what is the length of side   [#permalink] 18 Nov 2019, 02:11

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