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Senior Manager
Joined: 22 May 2006
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Location: Rancho Palos Verdes

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20 Jul 2006, 20:09
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In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that they developed a coherent bureaucracy for their empire, the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, and they were well known for crafting ornate bronze ritual vessels.

A. the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, and they were well known for crafting
B. the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, well known as the crafters of
C. the Shang, as the first literate culture in East Asia, is well known for its crafting
D. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known as the crafters of
E. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and well known for its crafted
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Vyshak on 25 Jun 2017, 23:41, edited 1 time in total.
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Senior Manager
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20 Jul 2006, 20:44
D.

In addition to being Chinaâ€™s first administrators, in the sense that they developed a coherent bureaucracy for their empire....
Senior Manager
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20 Jul 2006, 20:49
consider SV agreement and "known for" vs "known as".

I'm not sure this one is retired or not!
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20 Jul 2006, 20:58
can we say "known as someone"?

"known for something", but "known TO BE someone"... so D's construction is wrong in that case...

thanks for the

D or E... "its" in E isn't that clear, so I will stick with D despite "known" part

Last edited by u2lover on 20 Jul 2006, 21:05, edited 1 time in total.
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20 Jul 2006, 20:59
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freetheking wrote:
consider SV agreement and "known for" vs "known as".

I'm not sure this one is retired or not!

D. i guess both work. but what "it" stands for in E? if it is for shang, which is used as plural, its wrong...
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20 Jul 2006, 21:04
Picking D.
Correct S-V agreement.
' its ' in E seems wrong.

In addition to being Chinaâ€™s first administrators, in the sense that they developed a coherent bureaucracy for their empire, the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known as the crafters of ornate bronze ritual vessels.
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20 Jul 2006, 21:12
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I think E has two errors.
1. verb tense
2. pronoun
the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and (were) well known for its crafted

What if this sentence revised as follow

the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known for their crafted

still D stands??
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20 Jul 2006, 21:18
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Will go with D.

Only D maintains the subject verb agreement. From the non-underlined part, the use of "they" makes it clear the Shanq will be plural.

A. the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, and they were well known for crafting Modifier problem
B. the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, well known as the crafters of Modifier problem
C. the Shang, as the first literate culture in East Asia, is well known for its crafting S-V disagreement
D. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known as the crafters of
E. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and well known for its crafted S-V disagreement
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20 Jul 2006, 22:03
u2lover wrote:
can we say "known as someone"?

"known for something", but "known TO BE someone"... so D's construction is wrong in that case...

thanks for the

D or E... "its" in E isn't that clear, so I will stick with D despite "known" part

"known as" perfectly alright to use.. "its" in E refers to Shang. But Shang is pluaral as suggested by first part of the sentence - " the sense that they developed "
Director
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21 Jul 2006, 00:30
freetheking wrote:
In addition to being Chinaâ€™s first administrators, in the sense that they developed a coherent bureaucracy for their empire, the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, and they were well known for crafting ornate bronze ritual vessels.

A. the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, and they were well known for crafting
B. the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, well known as the crafters of
C. the Shang, as the first literate culture in East Asia, is well known for its crafting
D. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known as the crafters of
E. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and well known for its crafted

D for me
The Shang were, not the Shang was. C is out.
A, B out, because introductory phrase must be followed by that which it modifies.
E "for its crafted" is incorrect, since Shang is plural
Director
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21 Jul 2006, 10:02
u2lover wrote:
can we say "known as someone"?

"known for something", but "known TO BE someone"... so D's construction is wrong in that case...

thanks for the

D or E... "its" in E isn't that clear, so I will stick with D despite "known" part

It's perfectly alright.

"Sherlock Holmes is known as one of the greatest detectives."

D is clear winner here.

So A,B and C are out.

In E, "its" is incorrect pronoun. It should be plural.

Regards,
Brajesh
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21 Jul 2006, 10:47
D. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known as the crafters of

"China's first administrators" cannot modify "literate". It has to be "the Shang".

Norrow choices: C, D, E

C is wrong due to "is" should be plural are/were

E does not have any reference for "well known for its crafted"

Intern
Joined: 10 Jan 2013
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13 Jan 2013, 15:21
I WAS CONFUSED BETWEEN D &E , BUT IN E ITS REFER TO SUBJECT .AND AS SUBJECT IS PLURAL ,ACCORDING TO S-V AGREEMENT ,IT SHOULD BE LEFT REPLACED BY THEIR ..SO D IS RULED OUT.
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04 Aug 2014, 23:56
D is correct answer, wrong usages of its and it in C and E.
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13 Aug 2017, 03:21
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In the given sentence, the
modifier is "In addition to being". By the touch rule this modifier modifies, "The first literate culture".

Is the first literate culture, China's first administrator? No! The Shang was!

The opening modifier "in addition to being..." must modify the subject of the independent clause. The only logical subject is "the Shang." We can eliminate A and B.

In English, collective nouns for ethnic groups / families/dynasties / proper names for sports teams, etc, will be plural (unlike other collective nouns):
The Welsh have delightful accents.
The Medici were avid art collectors.
The Heat (basketball team) play in Miami.

So in this sentence, "the Shang" must be plural. Eliminate C.
In E, "and" should connect two verbs. However, "and well known" is a participial modifier. This isn't parallel.
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