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In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that

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In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Jul 2018, 23:08
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A
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In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that they developed a coherent bureaucracy for their empire, the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, and they were well known for crafting ornate bronze ritual vessels.

(A) the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, and they were well known for crafting

(B) the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, well known as the crafters of

(C) the Shang, as the first literate culture in East Asia, is well known for its crafting

(D) the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known as the crafters of

(E) the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and well known for its crafted

https://archive.archaeology.org/0005/newsbriefs/shang.html

The Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known for crafting ornate bronze ritual vessels. They were also China's first administrators, developing a coherent bureaucracy for their empire, and were able to marshall the human labor required to build rammed earth walls such as those found at the Huanbei Shang City.

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Originally posted by freetheking on 20 Jul 2006, 20:09.
Last edited by hazelnut on 12 Jul 2018, 23:08, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2017, 03:21
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In the given sentence, the
modifier is "In addition to being". By the touch rule this modifier modifies, "The first literate culture".

Is the first literate culture, China's first administrator? No! The Shang was!


The opening modifier "in addition to being..." must modify the subject of the independent clause. The only logical subject is "the Shang." We can eliminate A and B.

In English, collective nouns for ethnic groups / families/dynasties / proper names for sports teams, etc, will be plural (unlike other collective nouns):
The Welsh have delightful accents.
The Medici were avid art collectors.
The Heat (basketball team) play in Miami.

So in this sentence, "the Shang" must be plural. Eliminate C.
In E, "and" should connect two verbs. However, "and well known" is a participial modifier. This isn't parallel.
The correct answer is D.
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2006, 20:44
D.

In addition to being China’s first administrators, in the sense that they developed a coherent bureaucracy for their empire....
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New post 20 Jul 2006, 20:49
consider SV agreement and "known for" vs "known as".

I'm not sure this one is retired or not!
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 Jul 2006, 21:05
can we say "known as someone"?

"known for something", but "known TO BE someone"... so D's construction is wrong in that case...

thanks for the :idea:

D or E... "its" in E isn't that clear, so I will stick with D despite "known" part

Originally posted by u2lover on 20 Jul 2006, 20:58.
Last edited by u2lover on 20 Jul 2006, 21:05, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2006, 20:59
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freetheking wrote:
consider SV agreement and "known for" vs "known as".

I'm not sure this one is retired or not!


D. i guess both work. but what "it" stands for in E? if it is for shang, which is used as plural, its wrong...
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2006, 21:04
Picking D.
Correct S-V agreement.
' its ' in E seems wrong.

In addition to being China’s first administrators, in the sense that they developed a coherent bureaucracy for their empire, the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known as the crafters of ornate bronze ritual vessels.
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2006, 21:12
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I think E has two errors.
1. verb tense
2. pronoun
the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and (were) well known for its crafted

What if this sentence revised as follow

the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known for their crafted

still D stands??
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2006, 21:18
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Will go with D.

Only D maintains the subject verb agreement. From the non-underlined part, the use of "they" makes it clear the Shanq will be plural.

A. the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, and they were well known for crafting Modifier problem
B. the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, well known as the crafters of Modifier problem
C. the Shang, as the first literate culture in East Asia, is well known for its crafting S-V disagreement
D. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known as the crafters of
E. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and well known for its crafted S-V disagreement
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New post 20 Jul 2006, 22:03
u2lover wrote:
can we say "known as someone"?

"known for something", but "known TO BE someone"... so D's construction is wrong in that case...

thanks for the :idea:

D or E... "its" in E isn't that clear, so I will stick with D despite "known" part


"known as" perfectly alright to use.. "its" in E refers to Shang. But Shang is pluaral as suggested by first part of the sentence - " the sense that they developed "
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2006, 00:30
freetheking wrote:
In addition to being China’s first administrators, in the sense that they developed a coherent bureaucracy for their empire, the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, and they were well known for crafting ornate bronze ritual vessels.

A. the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, and they were well known for crafting
B. the first literate culture in East Asia were the Shang, well known as the crafters of
C. the Shang, as the first literate culture in East Asia, is well known for its crafting
D. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known as the crafters of
E. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and well known for its crafted


D for me
The Shang were, not the Shang was. C is out.
A, B out, because introductory phrase must be followed by that which it modifies.
E "for its crafted" is incorrect, since Shang is plural
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2006, 10:02
u2lover wrote:
can we say "known as someone"?

"known for something", but "known TO BE someone"... so D's construction is wrong in that case...

thanks for the :idea:

D or E... "its" in E isn't that clear, so I will stick with D despite "known" part


It's perfectly alright.

"Sherlock Holmes is known as one of the greatest detectives."

D is clear winner here.

Underlined portion should start with the name of "China’s first administrators".

So A,B and C are out.

In E, "its" is incorrect pronoun. It should be plural.

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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2006, 10:47
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D. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and are well known as the crafters of


"China's first administrators" cannot modify "literate". It has to be "the Shang".

Norrow choices: C, D, E

C is wrong due to "is" should be plural are/were

E does not have any reference for "well known for its crafted"

Answer: D
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New post 13 Jan 2013, 15:21
I WAS CONFUSED BETWEEN D &E , BUT IN E ITS REFER TO SUBJECT .AND AS SUBJECT IS PLURAL ,ACCORDING TO S-V AGREEMENT ,IT SHOULD BE LEFT REPLACED BY THEIR ..SO D IS RULED OUT.
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New post 04 Aug 2014, 23:56
D is correct answer, wrong usages of its and it in C and E.
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2018, 21:35
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HI broall , Vyshak ,

Please tag as GMATPrep EP2. Have got the question in today mock.
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2018, 00:30
anairamitch1804 wrote:
In the given sentence, the
modifier is "In addition to being". By the touch rule this modifier modifies, "The first literate culture".

Is the first literate culture, China's first administrator? No! The Shang was!


The opening modifier "in addition to being..." must modify the subject of the independent clause. The only logical subject is "the Shang." We can eliminate A and B.

In English, collective nouns for ethnic groups / families/dynasties / proper names for sports teams, etc, will be plural (unlike other collective nouns):
The Welsh have delightful accents.
The Medici were avid art collectors.
The Heat (basketball team) play in Miami.

So in this sentence, "the Shang" must be plural. Eliminate C.
In E, "and" should connect two verbs. However, "and well known" is a participial modifier. This isn't parallel.
The correct answer is D.


That's a great explanation maá'm, IMO option D should have been something like this, because they were a thing of past. Please explain me if I am thinking wrong.
D. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and were [ instead of are ] well known as the crafters of
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New post 11 Apr 2018, 12:28
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styxnexus wrote:
That's a great explanation maá'm, IMO option D should have been something like this, because they were a thing of past. Please explain me if I am thinking wrong.
D. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and were [ instead of are ] well known as the crafters of




Hello styxnexus,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)

Since the Shang are still popular for as the crafters ornate bronze ritual vessels, usage of simple present tense verb are is correct.

This information is a general fact about the Shang that will remain unchanged in all times. Hence, we see the usage of are.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Apr 2018, 18:38
egmat wrote:
styxnexus wrote:
That's a great explanation maá'm, IMO option D should have been something like this, because they were a thing of past. Please explain me if I am thinking wrong.
D. the Shang were the first literate culture in East Asia and were [ instead of are ] well known as the crafters of




Hello styxnexus,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)

Since the Shang are still popular for as the crafters ornate bronze ritual vessels, usage of simple present tense verb are is correct.

This information is a general fact about the Shang that will remain unchanged in all times. Hence, we see the usage of are.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha


Shang were the first literate culture...
Shang are the first literate culture...
Is the 1st sentence suggesting that that shang are no longer the 1st ?
Is the 2nd sentence more appropriate? ?

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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 08:56
sucal000 wrote:
Shang were the first literate culture...
Shang are the first literate culture...
Is the 1st sentence suggesting that that shang are no longer the 1st ?
Is the 2nd sentence more appropriate? ?

Posted from my mobile device



Hello sucal000,

Thank you for the query. :-)

Between the two sentences that you have presented in your post, the first one is indeed better because the second sentence seems to suggest that the Shangs are still alive. But from the context of the sentence, we know that this is not the case.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: In addition to being China's first administrators, in the sense that &nbs [#permalink] 13 Apr 2018, 08:56

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