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# In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi

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Re: In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
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That's a tricky one, took me a while

AB=3, thus the area is 3*3 and therefore 9.

The three areas are of equal size, thus each area is 9/3

Now we can figure out the lengths of the sides of both triangles (right triangles):
Area of Triangle:
9/3 = (x*x)/2 =>
6 = x*x
√6 = x = each side of the triangle

Now we can calculate the distance between the point where the triangle ends and the actual corner of the square.
AB - x
3 - √6

This short piece of the side can be part of a new square triangle with w as the bottom line.
(AB - x)^2 + (AB - x)^2 = w^2
2(AB - x)^2 = w^2
√2 * (AB - x) = w
√2 * (3 - √6) = w
3√2 - √2√6 = w
3√2 - √(12) = w
3√2 - √(4*3) = w
3√2 - √4√3 = w
3√2 - 2√3 = w

I am 99.9% sure that there is an easier way, but a stupid way is better than no way

Regards, Impenetrable
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Re: In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
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Impenetrable wrote:
That's a tricky one, took me a while

AB=3, thus the area is 3*3 and therefore 9.

The three areas are of equal size, thus each area is 9/3

Now we can figure out the lengths of the sides of both triangles (right triangles):
Area of Triangle:
9/3 = (x*x)/2 =>
6 = x*x
√6 = x = each side of the triangle

Now we can calculate the distance between the point where the triangle ends and the actual corner of the square.
AB - x
3 - √6

This short piece of the side can be part of a new square triangle with w as the bottom line.
(AB - x)^2 + (AB - x)^2 = w^2
2(AB - x)^2 = w^2
√2 * (AB - x) = w
√2 * (3 - √6) = w
3√2 - √2√6 = w
3√2 - √(12) = w
3√2 - √(4*3) = w
3√2 - √4√3 = w
3√2 - 2√3 = w

I am 99.9% sure that there is an easier way, but a stupid way is better than no way

Regards, Impenetrable

Actually, your method IS pretty quick.

It would help if you could remember that

Ratio of sides of a 45-45-90 triangle = $$1:1:\sqrt{2}$$

Ratio of sides of a 30-60-90 triangle = $$1:\sqrt{3}:2$$
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Re: In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
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diagonal of bigger sqr - diagonal of smaller sqr (joining 2 rgt angled triangles at the corners)
= 3\sqrt{2} - \sqrt{6}x\sqrt{2}
=3\sqrt{2}-2\sqrt{3}

caioguima wrote:
QUICK SOLUTION (UNDER 2 MIN):

If AB = 3, then the area of each region is equal to 3.

Consider the diagonal BC:
$$BC = w + d = 3.\sqrt{2}$$

Where d is the diagonal of a smaller square, composed of the two corner regions. Now, these two regions combined have a total area of 3 + 3 = 6, and therefore:
$$d = \sqrt{6}\sqrt{2} = 2.\sqrt{3}$$

Hence,
$$w = 3.\sqrt{2} - 2.\sqrt{3}$$
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Re: In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
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A pretty tricky one, indeed.

I'll be posting a fairly lenghty and detailed reply so bear with me

First of all one should always bear in mind the following proportions :

1/ (45°-45°-90°) triangle => 1:1:$$\sqrt{2}$$
and
2/ (30°-60°-90°) triangle => 1:$$\sqrt{3}$$:2

In our case, we'll be using proportion 1.

You should also know your square area formula. (This is a 700+ question and sometimes we take certain notions for granted, so be careful )

Now, the question states that the square is divided into 3 equal areas, so, since AB = 3 and the area of a square is x^2 (x being the side of said square), then the area of ABCD will be equal to 9. Therefore, each area will be equal to 3.

Let's find the length of the sides of the two isoceles triangles (they are isoceles since they both have two angles that have the same value, in this case 45°). Using proportion 1, both sides corresponding to the 45° angle will be equal to $$\sqrt{6}$$. Why ?
Well since they are right isoceles triangles, then they're half-squares, in which case their areas will be equal to $$\frac{x^2}{2}$$ . And since the area is equal to 3, then that gives us $$\frac{x^2}{2}$$ = 3, so x^2 = 6, therefore x = $$\sqrt{6}$$.

Substract 3 to get the length of the smaller segments to get 3 - $$\sqrt{6}$$.

And if you notice on the right angle corners, the "w" we're looking for is actually the hypothenuse of the (45°-45°-90°) triangle whose sides are 3 - $$\sqrt{6}$$ !

So apply the proportion 1 to get the hypothenuse length which is : $$\sqrt{2}$$*(3 - $$\sqrt{6}$$) = 3*$$\sqrt{2}$$-2*$$\sqrt{3}$$, which is answer A.

Hope that helped and good luck with the rest.
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Re: In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
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I have understood MGMAT's solution for the problem. However, I am unable to reach the solution by the approach I have used.

I have attached my solution too.

Considering 45/45 we have isosceles triangle and hence the sides as mentioned.

Using Pytha theorem,

We can have width rectangle 'w' as

sqrt{ (3-x)^2 + (3-x)^2} = sqrt{2} (3-x)

And length as = sqrt {2} x

Since we know the three parts have same area then:

Area of lower triangle = 1/2* base * height = x^2/2

Area of rectangle = Length * breadth = 2x(3-x)

Equating both

x^2/2 = 2x(3-x)

we have x=12/5 and when substituting this for 'w'

w= sqrt{2} (3-x)

w=sqrt{2}3/5

And this is not an option .

Rgds,
TGC!
Attachments

Solution.JPG [ 14.95 KiB | Viewed 114603 times ]

MGMATCAT.JPG [ 29.98 KiB | Viewed 114591 times ]

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Re: In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
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a = area of the portion

Just rearrange the figure and it becomes lot easier to solve this question .
Attachments

File comment: I hope somebody can understand

IMG_20150806_231236.jpg [ 282.57 KiB | Viewed 25921 times ]

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Re: In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
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greatps24 wrote:

In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divide it into three regions of equal area. If AB = 3, what is the length of w, the perpendicular distance between the two diagonal lines?

a. 3√2 – 2√3
b. 3√2 – √6
c. √2
d. 3√2 / 2
e. 2√3 – √6

Can you solve this in 2 min?

Please check the figure for solution

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File comment: www.GMATinsight.com

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Re: In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
Rather than calculate, we can BALLPARK.

Diagonal of a square $$= s\sqrt{2}$$
Since square ABCD has a side of 3, diagonal BD $$= 3\sqrt{2} ≈ (3)(1.4) = 4.2$$
As shown in figure above, w ≈ 1/5 of diagonal BD:
$$\frac{1}{5}*4.2 = \frac{4.2}{5} = \frac{8.4}{10} = 0.84$$

The correct answer must yield a value close to 0.84.
Only A is viable:
$$3\sqrt{2} - 2\sqrt{3} ≈ 3(1.4) - 2(1.7) = 4.2 - 3.4 = 0.8$$

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Re: In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
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greatps24 wrote:

In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divide it into three regions of equal area. If AB = 3, what is the length of w, the perpendicular distance between the two diagonal lines?

A. 3√2 – 2√3

B. 3√2 – √6

C. √2

D. 3√2 / 2

E. 2√3 – √6

Attachment:
mgmat.PNG

Let's first calculate the length of diagonal BD
Since BC = DC = 3, we can use the Pythagorean theorem to determine that BD = 3√2

We're told that "the two diagonal lines divide it into three regions of equal area."
The area of square ABCD = (3)(3) = 9
9/3 = 3, which means each region has area 3

So, if we let x = the length of each leg in the blue RIGHT triangle below...

...then it must be true that: (base)(height)/2 = 3
In other words, (x)(x)/2 = 3
Simplify: x² = 6
Solve: x = √6

We get the following:

Now let's examine the green RIGHT triangle below...

Since this is an isosceles triangle (with two 45 degree angles), we can let each leg have length y

Upon using the Pythagorean theorem to determine the value of y, we get: y = √3

Using the exact same logic, we can conclude that this other green triangle has the following lengths:

Since we already concluded that BD = 3√2, we can write the following equation: √3 + w + √3 = 3√2

Solve for w to get: w = 3√2 - 2√3

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In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
I used a less exact method to get to the solution but since the question asks us to approximate I think it is good enough, and more importantly saves a lot of time:

We can simply assume that the area in the middle is a rectangle where the hypotenuses of the triangles (above and below the area in the middle) constitute the sides of the rectangle with lengths 3√2.
Finally to approximate W we just need the formula for the area of a rectangle (which has an area of 3):

3√2 * W = 3

solving for W will already tell us that W must be below 1 and thus, A is our answer. What is also worth noting is that by ignoring the small isosceles triangles on each side of the rectangle we will err on the bigger side of W (since we will have to make up for the area we cut off by ignoring the small triangles). This gives us further assurance that A is our answer (since W is still below 1, even though we cut off the triangles).
Hope it is useful, cheers.

Originally posted by Jack386 on 01 Jun 2021, 16:40.
Last edited by Jack386 on 02 Jun 2021, 15:03, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
I answered this very quickly using no math:

It is not written that the drawing is not to scale. I measured the side AB with my GMAT white board, then divided into 3 equal parts, then compared that to length w. W is clearly slightly under a third of the side of the square, so under 1.

Definitely a back of the enveloppe method, but it works well with many GMAT questions to scale. Any way to get the right answer!
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In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
An alternative approach:

Area of all the three segments will be 3 units each.
An isosceles right-angled triangle, whose area is 3 gives us the following equation(1/2*base*height):
$$\frac{(x*x)}{2}=3$$
—> $$x =\sqrt{6}$$

For a right angle triangle, $$\frac{1}{a^2}+\frac{1}{b^2}=\frac{1}{h^2}$$
$$\frac{1}{x^2}+\frac{1}{x^2}=\frac{2}{6}=\frac{1}{3}$$
Since a=b =x (calculated above) for the triangle.

Now, $$\frac{1}{h^2}=\frac{1}{3}$$
This gives perpendicular length of the triangle as $$h=\sqrt{3}$$

Length of the height of two triangles = $$2*\sqrt{3}$$

Now, gap = diagonal - 2*height of the triangle
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Re: In the figure above, ABCD is a square, and the two diagonal lines divi [#permalink]
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