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# Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error,

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14 Aug 2012, 01:01
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

18% (02:47) correct 82% (01:30) wrong based on 3269 sessions

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Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error, insurance companies should first try to figure out why the error was made by analyzing flaws in road design, automobile designs and in criteria to determine eligibility for a driver's license. Only then will the insurance companies be able to effectively issue guidelines to prevent future accidents, instead of merely punishing the incidental driver.

Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?

A) Driver error is not a significant factor in most automobile accidents.
B) Automobile manufacturers should be the agents who investigate automobile accidents and not insurance companies.
C) Stricter government regulation of the automobile and highway construction industries would make automobile travel safer.
D) Investigation of automobile accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
E) Most drivers who make errors in driving repeat those errors unless they are retrained.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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14 Aug 2012, 05:20
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13 Jan 2013, 13:47
This needs a discussion folks,

plz pour on !!!
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13 Jan 2013, 14:42
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D

The argument states that insurance companies should analyze ways to prevent accidents as opposed to blaming driver error. The question asks for an assumption that this argument is based on. The argument is based on the assumption that investigating automobile accidents will lead to fewer future accidents.

I hope that helps

EDIT: I noticed you have E as the OA, which is incorrect. E is incorrect because the text never mentions anything about repeated accidents. Also, if drivers repeat the mistakes they make, analyzing road conditions would make no difference, as driver error would be 100% to blame for the accidents.
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14 Jan 2013, 02:06
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I believe D is the answer here. It states investigation should prevent future accidents. That should be the assumption, else the argument fails.

E is out of scope for me.
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30 Jun 2013, 13:16
D seems more appropriate. Please post OA explanation.
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10 Apr 2014, 18:25
Hi, so is the OE actually D? Can anyone confirm this for certain? Thanks!
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15 Apr 2014, 03:47
m3equals333 wrote:
Hi, so is the OE actually D? Can anyone confirm this for certain? Thanks!

I also chose D. We need an expert here to confirm the OE is E. Thank you.
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17 Apr 2014, 09:50
ananthpatri wrote:
Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error, insurance companies should first try to figure out why the error was made by analyzing flaws in road design, automobile designs and in criteria to determine eligibility for a driver's license. Only then will the insurance companies be able to effectively issue guidelines to prevent future accidents, instead of merely punishing the incidental driver.

Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?

A) Driver error is not a significant factor in most automobile accidents.
B) Automobile manufacturers should be the agents who investigate automobile accidents and not insurance companies.
C) Stricter government regulation of the automobile and highway construction industries would make automobile travel safer.
D) Investigation of automobile accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
E) Most drivers who make errors in driving repeat those errors unless they are retrained.

It seems D is the correct answer here. The similar question is there in the 1000 CR doc. (Test II, Question 16). @Bunuel can you please confirm.

Thanks

Last edited by chanakya84 on 21 Apr 2014, 01:03, edited 1 time in total.
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17 Apr 2014, 14:28
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I also chose D. E is out of scope - retraining drivers is never mentioned and insurance companies setting new guidelines does not equate to retraining drivers.

Can anyone prove that E is actually correct?
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21 Apr 2014, 00:55
I chose D too. Experts advice, if any?
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09 Jun 2014, 07:55
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I believe D is explicitly stated in the argument itself and therefore is not valid. Plus we are not evaluating the argument here, but only need to mention the assumption.

Now the argument's conclusion says that only if investigation is done into automobile design, road design and in criteria to determine the eligibility (whether the driver has requisite skills or not), only then can the problem be prevented.

Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error, insurance companies should first try to figure out why the error was made by analyzing flaws in road design, automobile designs and in criteria to determine eligibility for a driver's license. Only then will the insurance companies be able to effectively issue guidelines to prevent future accidents, instead of merely punishing the incidental driver.

A) Driver error is not a significant factor in most automobile accidents. Well even if it is, this is not required for the conclusion, as it offers no support as to why investigations are required to prevent accidents.
B) Automobile manufacturers should be the agents who investigate automobile accidents and not insurance companies. Out of scope
C) Stricter government regulation of the automobile and highway construction industries would make automobile travel safer. Out of scope. Roads need to be better but for this to happen it is not mentioned that governmental regulations are required.
D) Investigation of automobile accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents. Valid apriori
E) Most drivers who make errors in driving repeat those errors unless they are retrained. True, because it is indirectly assumed with this statement "and in criteria to determine eligibility for a driver's license" which implies that unless the requisite criteria is met (the driver is not well trained), the accident is bound to happen again, therefore accidents would not be prevented.
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09 Jun 2014, 17:23
Okay lets say you investigate and do not write guidelines. Does that contribute in preventing accidents? 'Only then will the insurance companies be able to effectively issue guidelines to prevent future accidents'. So both Investigation AND Issuing guidelines can contribute, but neither of them alone can.
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09 Jun 2014, 18:06
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E seems right to me.

argument is trying to convince that the insurance companies should investigate road designs and other factors, that means if these conditions are responsible for the accidents, drivers are more likely to be in accident again unless they are (re)trained to handle these conditions better next time.

where as D is not assumption, its stated in argument itself, additionally the word "should" reduces its chances of being right.

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10 Jun 2014, 21:51
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ananthpatri wrote:
Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error, insurance companies should first try to figure out why the error was made by analyzing flaws in road design, automobile designs and in criteria to determine eligibility for a driver's license. Only then will the insurance companies be able to effectively issue guidelines to prevent future accidents, instead of merely punishing the incidental driver.

Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?

A) Driver error is not a significant factor in most automobile accidents.
B) Automobile manufacturers should be the agents who investigate automobile accidents and not insurance companies.
C) Stricter government regulation of the automobile and highway construction industries would make automobile travel safer.
D) Investigation of automobile accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
E) Most drivers who make errors in driving repeat those errors unless they are retrained.

"Only then" in last sentence says that it is causal conclusion. So any assumption that eliminates alternative cause, reverse causation or data errors is true

A. It is main point but not an assumption
B. Out of scope at all
C. Introduces alternative cause but not eliminate it, so weakens conclusion
D. Answer that I selected but "analyzing flaws" is the same as investigation so it repeats the premise but we know that assumption is unstated premise
[highlight]E. Eliminate the drivers error as alternative factor to be considered [/highlight

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21 Jun 2014, 16:33
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E is correct …. My analysis as follow :

The conclusion : the insurance companies SHOULD investigate road design, automobile designs and driver's license.
why would the issuance companies investigate all that ??
because :
Premise 1: they want to issue guidelines to prevent future accidents. …… AND
premise 2: they don't want to blame the driver on the accident.

so, answer E will be the Hidden premise or the assumption as follow :

issuance companies wants to prevent future accidents. if the drivers who make accidents retrained, then they can prevent accidents.

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23 Jun 2014, 11:17
Some help here?

Since when "punish" = "retrain" ?

Very weird for me.... anyone?
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25 Jun 2014, 14:00
I still feel choice D could be right but unable to judge on choice E. I wonder as to where exactly is choice E trying to fill the gap in the argument.

Experts can better help us with this.
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27 Jun 2014, 11:00
How can we negate E to break down the conclusion.
I am not sure how E can be negated.
Can someone help here.
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03 Jul 2014, 12:01
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Question is to judge an assumption which means to identify the hidden thinking of the author .. Option D is already mentioned in the passage so it can't be the OA .

Just checked the answer with the expert its E
Re: Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error,   [#permalink] 03 Jul 2014, 12:01

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