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# Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error,

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28 Jan 2005, 15:00
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Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, investigators should find out why the error was made by analyzing airplane design, airline management, and pilot-training programs. For only then can changes be made to ensure that the same type of error does not recur and cause another accident.
Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?
(A) Pilot error is not a contributing factor in most airline accidents.
(B) Airline companies themselves should be the agents who investigate airline accidents.
(C) Stricter government regulation of airline companies will make air travel significantly safer.
(D) Investigators of airline accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
(E) Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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28 Jan 2005, 15:47
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I think it is A.

As he is assuming that pilot error is not the reason.
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28 Jan 2005, 16:18
I choose (D).

The auther says the investigaters should do this and that so that no more similar accidents happen again. So he is assuming that the investigater has the responsibility to make sure similar accidents do not happen again.
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29 Jan 2005, 01:04
OA is D.
Any reason why E is wrong?
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29 Jan 2005, 17:19
The arguement states that pilot error is only one factor in mishaps. In fact there is an implication here that pilot error is used as a scapegoat not to investigate further. Therefore there is no point in retraining pilots if the root cause is something else.
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15 Aug 2012, 00:05
IMO A shouldn't be the answer as it says most of the accident is not due to driver...In the passage it is clearly mentioned that some accident can be reduced.
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18 Jun 2014, 00:03
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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03 Jul 2014, 11:57
oa is E I searched fr similar question
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21 Jul 2014, 07:43
@ dhirajdas53
Where is the "some" mentioned? However, the correct answer is D.
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30 Aug 2014, 01:37
maggie27 wrote:
@ dhirajdas53
Where is the "some" mentioned? However, the correct answer is D.

D is stated, therefore not an assumption.
For E, your supposing that pilot error needs to be addressed on a high level (regulation of how licence issue rules). What if this error was a one time error, and will not happen again? There is no need for such much investigation on part of the insurance company.

I'm not really happy with the questions, and forcing myself to accept E. This is very similar to a MGMAT questions. Not sure what the source of this question is, though.
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29 Nov 2014, 19:12
For only then can changes be made to ensure that the same type of error does not recur and cause another accident.

bold letters indicate that investigations leads to prevention of same type of errors ,,

So " E "must be the assumption as it has "Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained"
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15 Apr 2015, 18:13
nocilis wrote:
Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, investigators should find out why the error was made by analyzing airplane design, airline management, and pilot-training programs. For only then can changes be made to ensure that the same type of error does not recur and cause another accident.
Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?
(A) Pilot error is not a contributing factor in most airline accidents.
(B) Airline companies themselves should be the agents who investigate airline accidents.
(C) Stricter government regulation of airline companies will make air travel significantly safer.
(D) Investigators of airline accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
(E) Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained.

IMO correct OA is A....................presupposition or we can say assumption of the argument that the author used is to insist the investigators consider the fact that airline accident may not only involve error(s) that due to pilot only.In fact it may involve error(s) associated with other parameters like airplane design, airline management, and pilot-training programs.Then only a better change can be made for future accidents preventions.
If the author did not assume that pilot errors (by any way) are not always responsible for airline accident, he/she could not justify his argument to the investigators.
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17 Apr 2015, 03:42
Premises:-

Accidents were due to the Pilot by somehow,whether he was not able to analyse or messed up with the controls.

The author says that instead of blaming the pilot, Management or the investigators should analyse errors analyzing airplane design, airline management, and pilot-training programs because he assumes once these problems are eradicated pilots won't make any mistakes or errors while filght. [Root cause eradication]
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01 May 2015, 03:57
What's the OA? I see mixed replies here!
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01 May 2015, 07:44
nocilis wrote:
Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, investigators should find out why the error was made by analyzing airplane design, airline management, and pilot-training programs. For only then can changes be made to ensure that the same type of error does not recur and cause another accident.
Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?
(A) Pilot error is not a contributing factor in most airline accidents.
(B) Airline companies themselves should be the agents who investigate airline accidents.
(C) Stricter government regulation of airline companies will make air travel significantly safer.
(D) Investigators of airline accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
(E) Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained.

good question.initially chosen A but now understood why E is correct.
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21 May 2015, 07:07
Guys OA is D.

Moderators kindly change the highlighted answer.

http://www.beatthegmat.com/airplane-acc ... 37343.html
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21 May 2015, 09:01
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nocilis wrote:
Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error, investigators should find out why the error was made by analyzing airplane design, airline management, and pilot-training programs. For only then can changes be made to ensure that the same type of error does not recur and cause another accident.
Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?
(A) Pilot error is not a contributing factor in most airline accidents.
(B) Airline companies themselves should be the agents who investigate airline accidents.
(C) Stricter government regulation of airline companies will make air travel significantly safer.
(D) Investigators of airline accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.
(E) Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained.

I marked "D" but IMO answer choice E is a correct assumption. Premise "Instead of blaming the pilot, investigators should analyse design, airline management and training programs". Option D is stated in the argument so it cant be the assumption..In choice E it states " if we only blame the pilots for the accidents always, then the real cause of the accidents we will never know..AND as the reason is unknown, there is always a possibility that the same error will occur again..We cant trained the pilots for the unknown errors...we must know the right reason only then it can be rectified. Only blaming the pilot will not solve the issue as they are always prone to make the same error.
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23 May 2015, 22:14
The conclusion says " Until we don't focus on the three things and don't stop blaming the pilot error" we would not be able to ensure that same type of errors do not happen.

Point to be noted: that same type of errors do not happen. It means the argument assumes that accidents are happening due to same types of errors being committed again and again and If we want to prevent this, then the three mentioned points shall be investigated rather than pointing out that its a pilot error.

Assumption: The argument assumes that by incorporating these three points the repetitive errors/causes of accidents will not be there. And that repetitive cause is pilot error. So it assumes that if the pilot is retrained ( as pilot training program is one of the three points the argument wants the investigators to focus on), he/she will not commit mistakes.

Only E matches this criteria, hence the answer.

P.S: It took me more than 2 minutes to answer this, as I misunderstood the conclusion.
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15 Jul 2015, 14:04
E is a strong defensive assumption in this case. The main point of the argument is that pilots should not bare the blame. Therefore, the assumption needs to protect this claim in some form.

E and A are similar, but the former is the stronger of the two.

Let's negate choice E: Suppose that pilots will not necessarily make repeat errors. In this case, why would the argument protect the pilots and not incriminate them? It does not make any sense.
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16 Jul 2015, 03:15
nocilis wrote:
OA is D.
Any reason why E is wrong?

Hi

(E) States that - " Most pilots who make errors in flying will repeat their errors unless they are retrained"

CASE I : Suppose 100 new pilots make a the same mistake once each
CASE II : Suppose 1 new pilots make the same mistake 100 times.

For both the cases, Training for the Pilots is essential. So that is why E does not make sense and can be eliminated also by the Negation Technique .

Please correct me if am wrong.
Re: Instead of blaming an airline accident on pilot error,   [#permalink] 16 Jul 2015, 03:15

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