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Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error, insurance c

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Re: Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error, insurance c  [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2018, 00:10
GMATNinja , I have read the above explanations but still not 100% convinced about answer choice E, I had chosen option A (after negative found it perfect); please can you explain with your style of explaining :)
Any help will be appreciated !
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Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error, insurance c  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2018, 12:25
ananthpatri wrote:
Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error, insurance companies should first try to figure out why the error was made by analyzing flaws in road design, automobile designs and in criteria to determine eligibility for a driver's license. Only then will the insurance companies be able to effectively issue guidelines to prevent future accidents, instead of merely punishing the incidental driver.

Which of the following is a presupposition of the argument above?

(A) Driver error is not a significant factor in most automobile accidents.

(B) Automobile manufacturers should be the agents who investigate automobile accidents and not insurance companies.

(C) Stricter government regulation of the automobile and highway construction industries would make automobile travel safer.

(D) Investigation of automobile accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents.

(E) Most drivers who make errors in driving repeat those errors unless they are retrained.

TIME TAKEN 3 MIN. 11 SEC BUT CHOSE E

REFORMULATION

INSTEAD OF SHIFTING BLAME FOR CAR ACCIDINTS ON DRIVERS, INSURAMCE COMPANIES SHOULD ANYLIZE FLAWS IN ROAD DESIGN AND OTHER TECHNICAL EXTERNAL FACTORS. THUS ONLY THEN insurance companies be able to effectively issue guidelines to prevent future accidents, instead of merely punishing the incidental driver.

(A) Driver error is not a significant factor in most automobile accidents. ( OUT OF SCOPE. it is nowhere mentioned. not even slightest hint is given....0.0000000001 % no hint at all )

(B) Automobile manufacturers should be the agents who investigate automobile accidents and not insurance companies. ( FALSE INFORMATION. IN THE ARGUMENT IT IS STATED THAT INSUARANCE SHOULD ANYLIZE)

(C) Stricter government regulation of the automobile and highway construction industries would make automobile travel safer. ( OUT OF SCOPE - NOT MENTIONED.

(D) Investigation of automobile accidents should contribute to the prevention of future accidents. ( It is the nature of things that this investigation will contribute to the prevention of futue accident: it is clrealy mentioned in the argument.

(E) Most drivers who make errors in driving repeat those errors unless they are retrained. (by POE, THIS IS THIS THE ANSWER AFTER ELIMINATING THE REST ANSWER CHOICES)
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Re: Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error, insurance c  [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2019, 23:37
E is the right answer. The conclusion is an absolute statemen, “only then…”. So we need to find the assumption that it cannot do without. If we negate E, then the argument does not hold up. If most drivers who make errors in driving will stop making them without retraining then the insurance companies do not need to issue guidelines to prevent further accidents
Re: Instead of blaming an automobile accident on driver error, insurance c   [#permalink] 02 Feb 2019, 23:37

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