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It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington

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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jun 2015, 02:52
1
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise

B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praise

C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Grahame's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post won high praise under her command


B) Verb Tense Problem: Usage of past perfect implies that before Katharine Graham became the newspaper's editor, the newspaper won the prize!

C) Tense problem with modifier: 'having ....' as a modifier is one tense back from the original sentence, causing similar issue as in B
'only after that': GMAT does now allow such ambiguous usage of demonstrative pronouns; notice that there is no suitable noun that we can think of as an antecedent of 'that' here
Also, we need a comma before the second 'and'

D) a Fragment!

E) 'Katharine Graham's becoming' seems less preferable than the clause used in A: 'after Katharine Graham became'

The opening modifier is also too long.
Perhaps, also, 'Moving ...' is not a correct modifier, since this action is not a continuous one.
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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2016, 16:58
Hi daagh , the right answer is marked as A but option uses "IT" for two different things in this question. Is this a correct usage?

Thanks in advance!

aMante wrote:
It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963
that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and it was under her command
that the paper won high praise
for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal


a)It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963
that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and it was under her command
that the paper won high praise

b)It was only after Katharin Graham's becoming publisher of The Wasington Post in 1963
that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and under her commandt it had
won high praise

c)Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that
did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

d)Moving intor the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham became
its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

e)Moving into the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham's becoming
its publisher in 1953, The Washington Post won high praise under her command


I can't come up with anything!!!!!!!!
Plz Help!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 29 Feb 2016, 02:28
neeraj609, there is no problem with "it" in A because it is only used once as a typical pronoun. In the other two cases ("It was only. . . it was under . . . "), "it" is used as part of a phrase that introduces a modifier. Think of it this way: Under what circumstances did the paper win praise? Under the command of Katherine Graham. So "It was under her command that the paper won high praise." "It" is not referring to a noun at all, but to a set of circumstances.
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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2016, 14:07
1
sanaexam wrote:
Hi guys...
I don't understand what's really wrong with b.even though kg's become is a rare usage.i found it parallel.....kg's send her.Why is a correct

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Hi sanaexam, If you can't see why B is wrong, you need to brush up your knowledge on tenses.

Coming to B

We use past perfect to denote two separate events, both of which happened in the past. We clarify their chronology by using past perfect for the event which happened first and simple past for the event which happened later. The usage of had won high praise implies that the newspaper won praise first and she became the head later.
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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2017, 03:07
(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise --> CORRECT

(B) It was only after Katharin Graham's becoming publisher of The Wasington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspaper, and under her commandt it had won high praise --> WRONG USAGE

(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command --> Incorrect

(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspaper only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command --> Missing Verb Mistake

(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post won high praise under her command. --> Meaning Change
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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2017, 10:54
a. looks fine - keep it
b. KG becoming..in 1963...had won...Past perfect is the later of the 2 actions - wrong
c. KG became..in 1963..did move..Past perfect is the later of the 2 actions - wrong
d. Moving..became (right till now)..winning - incomplete statement - wrong
e. Moving..becoming (awkward construction)

Between "a" and "e", "a" has better construction. Correct is "a"
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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2017, 10:04
1
It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises.

Correct : Parallelism

(B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praises

--> use of 'had' is wrong . Incorrect
use of 'had' twist meaning . Washington post won high praises before it came under Katharine.


(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

Subject : It is singular & Verb : move is plural
Incorrect

(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

Modifier, noun , modifier construction : Incorrect

(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washinton Postwon high praise under her command

no antecedent for "her"

Experts pls comment
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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 09:05
I guess that there is a typo in answer choice A. the answer choice ends with the word 'praises', it should be changed to 'praise'.
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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 10:02
1
rishabhdxt wrote:

Experts pls comment


Hello rishabhdxt,

You have presented a very detailed analysis of this official question. Great job there. :)

However, I would like to adjust your approach towards a few answer choices. So let's begin. :)

rishabhdxt wrote:
(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises.

Correct : Parallelism


It is true that in Choice A, the two clauses joined by and follows the identical structure and hence maintain perfect parallelism, I hope you understand that this criterion is not a must for two elements to be parallel.

A choice that conveys the intended meaning in correct grammar with parallelism less perfect than in Choice A can be a contender for the correct choice.

But yes, this choice indeed is correct because it is logical and grammatical and clearly conveys the intended meaning.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praises

--> use of 'had' is wrong . Incorrect
use of 'had' twist meaning . Washington post won high praises before it came under Katharine.


See, parallelism wise, this choice also works. But it has the very evident error that you have correctly mentioned in your analysis.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

Subject : It is singular & Verb : move is plural
Incorrect


I am afraid your reason to reject this answer choice is not correct. Please note the verb for the subject it is did move. So there is no SV number agreement error in this choice.

This choice is incorrect because of the usage of the modifier having won high praise. The modifier having verb-ed has a very specific usage. In modifying a clause, it presents the action done prior to the modified action in the main clause. For example:

1. Having finished his breakfast, Joe went to play tennis.

In the above-mentioned sentence, Joe first finished his breakfast and then went to play tennis. The sentence will convey the same meaning if we change the place of the having verb-ed modifier.

2. Joe went to play tennis, having finished his breakfast.

Both the sentences 1. and 2. convey the same meaning.

With the usage of having won high praise after the action did move, Choice C suggests that The Washington Post first won the praise and then moved to the first rank. This certainly is not the intended meaning.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

Modifier, noun , modifier construction : Incorrect


Once again, your reason for rejecting this answer choice is not correct.

The opening verb-ing noun modifier Moving into... correctly modifies the subject of the following clause The Washington Post. But there is no verb for the subject The Washington Post.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washinton Postwon high praise under her command

no antecedent for "her"


Your analysis for this choice is also incorrect. The antecedent for the pronoun her is Katharine Graham's. Since her is a possessive pronoun, it can definitely refer to the possessive noun Katharine Graham's.

Just replace Katharine Graham's with her in this choice, and you will see that the sentence still conveys the same meaning.

This choice is incorrect because the expression Katharine Graham's becoming is a little awkward.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 10:34
tarek99 wrote:
It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises

(B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praises

(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post won high praise under her command


A - Nothing grammatically wrong. Keep.
B - 'Becoming' is just AWKWARD + Incorrect tense as the past perfect tense is stating that the newspaper won praise before it was under her command. OUT.
C - Verb-ing modifier has incorrect usage. It cannot logically refer back to the clause 'and only after...' -> this makes no sense. OUT.
D - The Washington Post is the subject, but where is the verb? OUT.
E - 'Becoming' Again? OUT.

A is the answer.
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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 11:50
egmat wrote:
rishabhdxt wrote:

Experts pls comment


Hello rishabhdxt,

You have presented a very detailed analysis of this official question. Great job there. :)

However, I would like to adjust your approach towards a few answer choices. So let's begin. :)

rishabhdxt wrote:
(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises.

Correct : Parallelism


It is true that in Choice A, the two clauses joined by and follows the identical structure and hence maintain perfect parallelism, I hope you understand that this criterion is not a must for two elements to be parallel.

A choice that conveys the intended meaning in correct grammar with parallelism less perfect than in Choice A can be a contender for the correct choice.

But yes, this choice indeed is correct because it is logical and grammatical and clearly conveys the intended meaning.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praises

--> use of 'had' is wrong . Incorrect
use of 'had' twist meaning . Washington post won high praises before it came under Katharine.


See, parallelism wise, this choice also works. But it has the very evident error that you have correctly mentioned in your analysis.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

Subject : It is singular & Verb : move is plural
Incorrect


I am afraid your reason to reject this answer choice is not correct. Please note the verb for the subject it is did move. So there is no SV number agreement error in this choice.

This choice is incorrect because of the usage of the modifier having won high praise. The modifier having verb-ed has a very specific usage. In modifying a clause, it presents the action done prior to the modified action in the main clause. For example:

1. Having finished his breakfast, Joe went to play tennis.

In the above-mentioned sentence, Joe first finished his breakfast and then went to play tennis. The sentence will convey the same meaning if we change the place of the having verb-ed modifier.

2. Joe went to play tennis, having finished his breakfast.

Both the sentences 1. and 2. convey the same meaning.

With the usage of having won high praise after the action did move, Choice C suggests that The Washington Post first won the praise and then moved to the first rank. This certainly is not the intended meaning.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

Modifier, noun , modifier construction : Incorrect


Once again, your reason for rejecting this answer choice is not correct.

The opening verb-ing noun modifier Moving into... correctly modifies the subject of the following clause The Washington Post. But there is no verb for the subject The Washington Post.

rishabhdxt wrote:
(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washinton Postwon high praise under her command

no antecedent for "her"


Your analysis for this choice is also incorrect. The antecedent for the pronoun her is Katharine Graham's. Since her is a possessive pronoun, it can definitely refer to the possessive noun Katharine Graham's.

Just replace Katharine Graham's with her in this choice, and you will see that the sentence still conveys the same meaning.

This choice is incorrect because the expression Katharine Graham's becoming is a little awkward.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha




Hi Shraddha,

The explanation is really helpful:)

Can you please cover one more reason pointed out by some folks to eliminate option C.
'that' part in option C
Few have pointed out that 'that' antecedent is ambiguous
That is also present in A

If you can elaborate on this?

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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 12:10
akshata19 wrote:

Hi Shraddha,

The explanation is really helpful:)

Can you please cover one more reason pointed out by some folks to eliminate option C.
'that' part in option C
Few have pointed out that 'that' antecedent is ambiguous
That is also present in A

If you can elaborate on this?

Posted from my mobile device


Hello akshata19,

Thank you for your appreciation. Means a lot. :-)

I will be more than happy to help you resolve your doubt. :-)

Yes, it is true that there is an error in Choice C pertaining to the usage of that.

The word that in Choice C has been used as a demonstrative pronoun that must be followed by the noun it refers to. For example:

1. Currently, I am working on a project, and this project is very important to me.

2. Some year ago, I found a very old pen in my attic; and that pen, I found out later, belonged to me great-grandfather.

In both the above-mentioned sentences, this and that respectively have been used as a demonstrative pronoun that are followed by the nouns they refer to.

But this is not the case with the usage of that in Choice C.

Firstly, that is not followed by any noun.

Secondly, that in this choice seems to refer to the action of Graham becoming the publisher of the Washington Post in 1963. This is incorrect because a pronoun can never refer to an action.

However, in Choice A, that has been used as a connector and not a pronoun. Hence, it need not refer to any noun entity in the sentence.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington [#permalink]

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New post 02 Dec 2017, 01:05
tarek99 wrote:
It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

(A) It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praises

(B) It was only after Katharine Graham's becoming publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and under her command it had won high praises

(C) Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963, and only after that did it move into the first rank of American newspapers, having won high praise under her command

(D) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham became its publisher in 1963, The Washington Post, winning high praise under her command

(E) Moving into the first rank of American newspapers only after Katharine Graham's becoming its publisher in 1963, The Washinton Postwon high praise under her command


The two "it" in this stem do not require an antecedent as "it" represents an entire noun clause.
It was _adv/adj__ that __ do not require an actual noun.
Re: It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of the Washington   [#permalink] 02 Dec 2017, 01:05

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