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Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will b

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Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will b  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2019, 07:14
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

75% (01:21) correct 25% (01:13) wrong based on 85 sessions

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Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will be caused by Federal Reserve action taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result if the economy were to expand at an annual rate of three percent or more.

(A) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result
(B) they took for preventing an inflationary upsurge that would result
(C) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
(D) they took to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
(E) taken for preventing an inflationary upsurge that will result

https://www.nytimes.com/1988/11/13/business/managing-risks-as-the-economy-slows-the-uncertainties-increase.html

Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will be a result of Federal Reserve action taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result if the economy were to expand at a 3 percent annual rate or more.

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Re: Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will b  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2019, 10:17
The sentence requires a would verb (subjunctive?). Only A and B does that.
A is better as they does not have an antecedent in B.

So I guess Answer is A

Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will be caused by Federal Reserve action taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result if the economy were to expand at an annual rate of three percent or more.

(A) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result
(B) they took for preventing an inflationary upsurge that would result
(C) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
(D) they took to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
(E) taken for preventing an inflationary upsurge that will result
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Re: Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will b  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2019, 10:38
1
Read the non underlined part. IF hypothetical condition , THEN would (maybe in future).

Over here then condition is first, if condition is later.

This is very hard to figure .
It's like THEN( maybe omitted ) , IF condition.
C D and E ----> out
Between A and B

B is out because of " for preventing " usage.

This action was taken for a purpose,so TO-form is preferable over For-form.

A is the answer.

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Re: Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will b  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2019, 10:52
Decision points are:
1. Predict..... would is required. Not will. E is out.
2. To prevent is required(to show the purpose). For preventing.. is wrong. B and E are out.
3. Taken / They took... Taken is right to define the action. So B and D are out.
4. Upsurge that would result is more clearly defining the conditional upsurge. C is out.

A is the winner.
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Re: Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will b  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Oct 2019, 18:08
I appreciate the previous explanation for winning choice A. Here I am adding a little bit why A is correct.

To prevent versus for preventing.
The action was taken considering some intentions and purpose. Infinitive form of verb is suitable for this purposeful action.
For is not suitable here.

Secondly, C and D end by "resulting"...statement is still open and connected by if clause. This is completely awkward.

So you have crossed off B,C,D and E.
A is clearly winning choice.
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Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will b  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2019, 06:49
1
(A) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result
The phrase taken to indicates purpose. To satisfy the conditional rule the piece "if ... were ... " in the underlined portion of the sentence requires "would".

(B) they took for preventing an inflationary upsurge that would result
Who is they?

(C) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
What does resulting do here?

(D) they took to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
Who is they?

(E) taken for preventing an inflationary upsurge that will result
See explanation in (A).
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Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will b   [#permalink] 24 Oct 2019, 06:49
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