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Municipal governments are beginning to confront the growing

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New post 07 Mar 2017, 10:30
-ing leading shows the result of the something.

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New post 10 Jun 2017, 06:11
I'm really confused with the use of THEIR in this sentence. How do pension liabilities belong to municipal governments, not the people? It just doesn't make sense at all. That is why I got rid of those answers with THEIR. Thanks!
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New post 10 Jun 2017, 06:26
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ekaterinajensen wrote:
I'm really confused with the use of THEIR in this sentence. How do pension liabilities belong to municipal governments, not the people? It just doesn't make sense at all. That is why I got rid of those answers with THEIR. Thanks!



The pension is paid by the municipal government to its former employees. It has turned into liability.
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New post 26 Jul 2017, 13:48
MisterEko wrote:
Municipal governments are beginning to confront the growing pension liabilities; this leads local politicians throughout the country to become increasingly vocal about restraining costs and limiting services.

A) the growing pension liabilities; this leads

B) their growing pension liabilities; leading

C) the growth in their pension liabilities, which leads

D) their growing pension liabilities, leading

E) their growing pension liabilities, that leads


Option D - without semicolon, and correctly uses "leading" ........ "to become"
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New post 27 Jul 2017, 08:33
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Municipal governments are beginning to confront the growing  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2017, 10:02
MisterEko wrote:
Municipal governments are beginning to confront the growing pension liabilities; this leads local politicians throughout the country to become increasingly vocal about restraining costs and limiting services.

A) the growing pension liabilities; this leads

B) their growing pension liabilities; leading

C) the growth in their pension liabilities, which leads

D) their growing pension liabilities, leading

E) their growing pension liabilities, that leads


Imo D

A what does this refer to in A we have no antecedent of this in A hence wrong .
B Sentence after semicolon must be independent clause not a participle modifier so it s wrong .
C which is used incorrectly here .
E that leads is wrong as that refers to liabilities but the real reason is the growth of the liabilities.
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New post 21 Jan 2019, 09:57
MisterEko wrote:
Municipal governments are beginning to confront the growing pension liabilities; this leads local politicians throughout the country to become increasingly vocal about restraining costs and limiting services.

A) the growing pension liabilities; this leads

B) their growing pension liabilities; leading

C) the growth in their pension liabilities, which leads

D) their growing pension liabilities, leading

E) their growing pension liabilities, that leads



Hi egmat,

Can you please explain option c? Is the doer of the modifier and the modified clause same here? Also please explain what is wrong with A?
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New post 21 Jan 2019, 10:31
daagh wrote:
The present participle leading that is used after a comma in Chocie D is an adverbial modifier that modifies the entire previous clause or specifically the verb of the Municipals namely beginning to confront.

A is wrong because there is no specie noun that the bare demonstrative pronoun this can fall back on.
B is using a semicolon to join an aloof phrase, a grave grammar mistake
C changes the meaning. The municipals are confronting the liabilities and not the growth of their liabilities. In addition liabilities, which, leads, has SV problem.
D okay
E. liabilities, that leads: comma and SV agreement are two problems.



Hi Daagh,

Is the first part of the sentence correct? I have seen several comments saying that use of "the" in the first sentence is wrong. Can you please throw some light into this?
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New post 24 Jan 2019, 03:38
daagh wrote:
The present participle leading that is used after a comma in Chocie D is an adverbial modifier that modifies the entire previous clause or specifically the verb of the Municipals namely beginning to confront.

A is wrong because there is no specie noun that the bare demonstrative pronoun this can fall back on.
B is using a semicolon to join an aloof phrase, a grave grammar mistake
C changes the meaning. The municipals are confronting the liabilities and not the growth of their liabilities. In addition liabilities, which, leads, has SV problem.
D okay
E. liabilities, that leads: comma and SV agreement are two problems.



Can you explain the correct usage of semicolon ? I'll be very thankful to you.
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New post 16 Mar 2019, 03:16
Why is A wrong I was stuck between A and D
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Re: Municipal governments are beginning to confront the growing  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2019, 05:14
aviejay wrote:
Hi Daagh,

Is the first part of the sentence correct? I have seen several comments saying that use of "the" in the first sentence is wrong. Can you please throw some light into this?
saarthakkhanna04 wrote:
Why is A wrong I was stuck between A and D
You can take option A out for multiple reasons:

the growing pension liabilities; this leads

1. The the doesn't specify that each municipal government has a pension liability of its own. For example:
Students are beginning to confront the debts.
vs.
Students are beginning to confront their debts.

The first one makes it sound as if there are some debts out there that students are beginning to confront, but it doesn't tell us whose debts we are discussing. The second one establishes that each student has a debt of his or her own.

2. The this is somewhat unclear. Exactly what is it referring to?

3. The use of the present tense leads is unexpected. Because the present tense is very often used to talk about things that are generally true or occur regularly, this leads makes it sound as if we are trying to point out how politicians generally react under such circumstances. This sentence is actually about something that is happening right now.
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Re: Municipal governments are beginning to confront the growing   [#permalink] 16 Mar 2019, 05:14

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