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Prison inmates are far more likely to be mentally ill than members of

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Prison inmates are far more likely to be mentally ill than members of  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2018, 23:54
1
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A
B
C
D
E

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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (01:02) correct 37% (01:06) wrong based on 116 sessions

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Prison inmates are far more likely to be mentally ill than members of the general population. This fact shows that the peculiar environment of prison, with its inherent stresses and deprivations, tends to cause or exacerbate symptoms of mental illness.

The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the basis that the argument


A. fails to define the term “mentally ill”

B. presupposes that the prison environment is unique

C. simply restates the claim that there are “inherent stresses and deprivations” in prison without providing any evidence in support

D. takes a correlation between mental illness and prison as proof that prison causes mental illness

E. focuses on stress and deprivation only, while ignoring other characteristics of the prison environment
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Re: Prison inmates are far more likely to be mentally ill than members of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 08:02
Premise :- Prison inmates are far more likely to be mentally ill than members of the population.
Conclusion:- This fact shows that the peculiar environment of prison, with its inherent stresses and deprivations, tends to cause or exacerbate symptoms of mental illness.

The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the basis that the argument

Criticism:- it should something that stands in between premise and conclusion

A. fails to define the term “mentally ill”
the argument is not about the term

B. presupposes that the prison environment is unique
does not effect the reasoning

C. simply restates the claim that there are “inherent stresses and deprivations” in prison without providing any evidence in support
we are not looking for evidence for conclusion but something between premise and conclusion

D. takes a correlation between mental illness and prison as proof that prison causes mental illness
Correct.. it can be that the person coming to person are more prone to these illnesses
E. focuses on stress and deprivation only, while ignoring other characteristics of the prison environment
the reasoning is based on these points resulting in mental illness

D is the best
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Re: Prison inmates are far more likely to be mentally ill than members of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 08:09
D is the answer
If cause n effect is reversed, the argument falls apart
What if prison inmates already have psychic issues, Nd that leads to stressful environment


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Re: Prison inmates are far more likely to be mentally ill than members of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 12:16
chetan2u wrote:
Premise :- Prison inmates are far more likely to be mentally ill than members of the population.
Conclusion:- This fact shows that the peculiar environment of prison, with its inherent stresses and deprivations, tends to cause or exacerbate symptoms of mental illness.

The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the basis that the argument

Criticism:- it should something that stands in between premise and conclusion

A. fails to define the term “mentally ill”
the argument is not about the term

B. presupposes that the prison environment is unique
does not effect the reasoning

C. simply restates the claim that there are “inherent stresses and deprivations” in prison without providing any evidence in support
we are not looking for evidence for conclusion but something between premise and conclusion

D. takes a correlation between mental illness and prison as proof that prison causes mental illness
Correct.. it can be that the person coming to person are more prone to these illnesses
E. focuses on stress and deprivation only, while ignoring other characteristics of the prison environment
the reasoning is based on these points resulting in mental illness

D is the best


In case the conclusion had stated - tends to cause or exacerbate symptoms of mental illness.- then wouldn't have D been incorrect ?
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Prison inmates are far more likely to be mentally ill than members of  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 31 Jul 2018, 19:15
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Official Explanation


highlight]The best answer is D[/highlight]
Simply finding two things together—in this case, being in prison and a higher likelihood of mental illness—does not mean that one caused the other. In fact, based on the correlation given, it is just as likely that having a mental illness increases the likelihood that one will be incarcerated as that incarceration causes mental illness. Although the other answer choices contain true statements, they fail to identify any flaw in the relationship between the evidence and the conclusion presented in the argument.


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Originally posted by AshutoshB on 30 Jul 2018, 22:38.
Last edited by AshutoshB on 31 Jul 2018, 19:15, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Prison inmates are far more likely to be mentally ill than members of  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2018, 05:15
Hope your preparation is going well.
This is a causal pattern. As per the argument, living in prison causes mental illness, however, the author fails to take into account other factors that can lead to mental illness. This is the flaw present in the argument.
Now, let us do the process of elimination
A, B, C and, E don't affect the reasoning. D is correct and exactly matches with our predicted answer.
Keep practicing. Consistency is the key.
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Re: Prison inmates are far more likely to be mentally ill than members of &nbs [#permalink] 31 Jul 2018, 05:15
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