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# Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its

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Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Aug 2007
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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2008, 17:05
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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

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Manager
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13 Apr 2008, 20:48
I say D. Rule of thumb for because of vs. due to:

"Because of" modifies verbs only
"Due to" modifies nouns or pronouns
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Senior Manager
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14 Apr 2008, 00:19
Choice c, for correct tense and use of "would" for subjunctive mood.

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Intern
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14 Apr 2008, 02:09
I would say A, cause "due to" means "caused by" not "because of", and here it should be because of.

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Director
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14 Apr 2008, 04:32
Should be 'D'.

Two reasons for D to be correct:

1. 'Due to' is to be used rather than 'because of'
2. Due to subjunctive nature of verb 'predict', auxilliary verb 'be' should be used

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Intern
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14 Apr 2008, 04:43
I say A because of the proper use of the Present Perfect, and "because" rather then "due to".
I believe the the crucial point in choosing the answer is the verb tense.

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Senior Manager
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14 Apr 2008, 04:48
I would nsay A. "Due to" changes the meaning of the sentence. It is wrong to say the federal reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times caused by.

A is more precise and in context with this sentence.

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Senior Manager
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14 Apr 2008, 05:02
I think C is the correct answer, because predicted ...... would is the correct usage.

OA?

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VP
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14 Apr 2008, 06:07
it's between A and D here.

I would go for A for future tense. will be raised. You need to show a timeline.

although the subjunctive mood in D is intriguing, "predict that ....be" however for some reason I don't think it flies.

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Senior Manager
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14 Apr 2008, 06:26
first of all kudos for sucha question..nobody still sure whats the oa...but i agree with the above posts.Its either a or d for sure.I would go with vashaunaks explanation,be is required here.Whats the oa?

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Senior Manager
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14 Apr 2008, 20:16
Ok guys - I went for A too but the OA is D!!! Still looking for more explanations.

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CEO
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15 Apr 2008, 21:39
As carlson mentioned earlier - understand the key difference between :
due to - modifies nouns
because of - modifies verbs

Also another important think to understand is that "analysts have been predicting" = present perfect tense - its something that happened in the past, and its still happening. This CANNOT be changed to "analysts predicted" as it changes the meaning to - analysts used to predict but do not predict now.

spider wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November. Once you know this rule then its easy to eliminate BCE.

Now between A and D. Think about the "if then" construction as described in manhattan SC. That would show that "would" is better than "will".

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

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Manager
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16 Apr 2008, 00:45
How do we decide between "due to" & "because of" ?
Based on "due to - modifies nouns because of - modifies verbs" or "caused by" ?

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Manager
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29 Aug 2008, 01:14
The test for "Due to" is to replace "Due To" with "Caused by" in the sentence and check if it makes sense.

IMO the ans is A

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Senior Manager
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29 Aug 2008, 04:19
I don't get this. D says:
"... analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target be raised".

Shouldn't it be "that the target will/would be raised"? How come this is the OA?
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29 Aug 2008, 04:57
There must be something wrong with the OA. Don't tell me that you got this from the GMAT sets? if you did, then have to disregard the OA because some of their answers are flawed. I even looked up on the internet and I couldn't find any site that indicates that "predict" is a subjunctive verb. Absolutely no way. You need the "will" and it doesn't make sense to use the subjunctive verb "be." Do you even know the actual task of a subjunctive verb? subjunctive verb is suppose to indicate something hypothetical and unreal. what's so hypothetical and unreal when you predict that something WILL indeed occur??

The reason why almost everyone is still trying to figure out the answer is that no one could resolve this and no one will ever resolve it because the OA is wrong in the first place. According to option D, you're basically predicting that something will happen and then you suddenly include the verb "be" to turn that prediction into a hypothetical one? doesn't make sense and the OA is indeed WRONG.

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Current Student
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29 Aug 2008, 18:18
Agreed. OA is wrong.

I choose A as well. At first I was buying into the subjunctive argument for D, but this helped:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/sin ... t3110.html

I hate it when OAs are wrong! It totally throws me off!

FYI -

"because" is a conjunction used at the beginning of a clause, before a verb or subject
"because of" is a two-word proposition used before a noun or a pronoun

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Re: SC good one   [#permalink] 29 Aug 2008, 18:18
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