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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its

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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2008, 17:05
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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

Please explain your answers?

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Manager
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Re: SC good one [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2008, 20:48
I say D. Rule of thumb for because of vs. due to:

"Because of" modifies verbs only
"Due to" modifies nouns or pronouns
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New post 14 Apr 2008, 00:19
Choice c, for correct tense and use of "would" for subjunctive mood.

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New post 14 Apr 2008, 02:09
I would say A, cause "due to" means "caused by" not "because of", and here it should be because of.

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New post 14 Apr 2008, 04:32
Should be 'D'.

Two reasons for D to be correct:

1. 'Due to' is to be used rather than 'because of'
2. Due to subjunctive nature of verb 'predict', auxilliary verb 'be' should be used

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New post 14 Apr 2008, 04:43
I say A because of the proper use of the Present Perfect, and "because" rather then "due to".
I believe the the crucial point in choosing the answer is the verb tense.

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New post 14 Apr 2008, 04:48
I would nsay A. "Due to" changes the meaning of the sentence. It is wrong to say the federal reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times caused by.

A is more precise and in context with this sentence.

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New post 14 Apr 2008, 05:02
I think C is the correct answer, because predicted ...... would is the correct usage.

OA?

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Re: SC good one [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2008, 06:07
it's between A and D here.

I would go for A for future tense. will be raised. You need to show a timeline.

although the subjunctive mood in D is intriguing, "predict that ....be" however for some reason I don't think it flies.

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New post 14 Apr 2008, 06:26
first of all kudos for sucha question..nobody still sure whats the oa...but i agree with the above posts.Its either a or d for sure.I would go with vashaunaks explanation,be is required here.Whats the oa?

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New post 14 Apr 2008, 20:16
Ok guys - I went for A too but the OA is D!!! Still looking for more explanations.

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Re: SC good one [#permalink]

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New post 15 Apr 2008, 21:39
As carlson mentioned earlier - understand the key difference between :
due to - modifies nouns
because of - modifies verbs

Also another important think to understand is that "analysts have been predicting" = present perfect tense - its something that happened in the past, and its still happening. This CANNOT be changed to "analysts predicted" as it changes the meaning to - analysts used to predict but do not predict now.

spider wrote:
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November. Once you know this rule then its easy to eliminate BCE.

Now between A and D. Think about the "if then" construction as described in manhattan SC. That would show that "would" is better than "will".

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

Please explain your answers?

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Re: SC good one [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2008, 00:45
How do we decide between "due to" & "because of" ?
Based on "due to - modifies nouns because of - modifies verbs" or "caused by" ?

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New post 29 Aug 2008, 01:14
The test for "Due to" is to replace "Due To" with "Caused by" in the sentence and check if it makes sense.

IMO the ans is A

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Re: SC good one [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2008, 04:19
I don't get this. D says:
"... analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target be raised".

Shouldn't it be "that the target will/would be raised"? How come this is the OA?
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Re: SC good one [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2008, 04:57
There must be something wrong with the OA. Don't tell me that you got this from the GMAT sets? if you did, then have to disregard the OA because some of their answers are flawed. I even looked up on the internet and I couldn't find any site that indicates that "predict" is a subjunctive verb. Absolutely no way. You need the "will" and it doesn't make sense to use the subjunctive verb "be." Do you even know the actual task of a subjunctive verb? subjunctive verb is suppose to indicate something hypothetical and unreal. what's so hypothetical and unreal when you predict that something WILL indeed occur??

The reason why almost everyone is still trying to figure out the answer is that no one could resolve this and no one will ever resolve it because the OA is wrong in the first place. According to option D, you're basically predicting that something will happen and then you suddenly include the verb "be" to turn that prediction into a hypothetical one? doesn't make sense and the OA is indeed WRONG.

The answer is A.

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Re: SC good one [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2008, 18:18
Agreed. OA is wrong.

I choose A as well. At first I was buying into the subjunctive argument for D, but this helped:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/sin ... t3110.html

Correct answer should be "D".

I hate it when OAs are wrong! It totally throws me off! :|

FYI -

"because" is a conjunction used at the beginning of a clause, before a verb or subject
"because of" is a two-word proposition used before a noun or a pronoun

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Re: SC good one   [#permalink] 29 Aug 2008, 18:18
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