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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest

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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2009, 14:26
12
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A
B
C
D
E

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69% (00:42) correct 31% (01:05) wrong based on 1888 sessions

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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 08 May 2009, 19:37
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IMO A

Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will --> two parallel action: have been predicting is correctly compared to has raised. Will is also correct
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target -->it wrongly means that the economic strength of the Federal Reserve is continuing. Besides, be after target is ungrammatically used
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would -->two incompatible tense actions, economy continues strong and analysts predicted. They must be both in the same tense because 2 action happen at the same time
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target -->same error as B
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will --> will should be would to be suitable with predicted

Originally posted by Minheequang on 08 May 2009, 09:13.
Last edited by Minheequang on 08 May 2009, 19:37, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2009, 15:41
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Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will- seems fine as the phrase maintains past perfect tense and has 'will' and 'have been' at the right places.
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target - continuing seems awkward
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target - 'will' is missing
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will- 'due to the fact that' is wordy

Hence, my Answer is A. what is the OG and an alternate explanation if anyone thinks otherwise.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2009, 19:11
1
A.

"predicting" is the correct form in this sentence.
So,left with A and E.
E - "that the target be raised" is wrong.This structure does not imply a prediction rather implies a command.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2009, 13:43
D for me

"due to" is used where we can replace it with "caused by"
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2009, 09:59
IMO D

Use of Subjunctive mood - analyst have been predicting....
so, we would have to use 'that+infinite form (without to)' .

do you feel this logic validates the correctness of option D?
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2009, 11:14
I don't think the answer is D.

D is missing "will".
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2009, 22:48
A...D is wrong since will is misisng and "be" should be used with subjunctive mood.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2010, 14:47
I have checked and OA is A.
Also, another reason B, C and E is that "for weeks" needs a perfect tense, doesnt it?
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2010, 06:38
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Interesting post !

Three things always take "will" -
prediction
estimation
calculation

Now I see some guys confused D as subjunctive - Here is the nice explanation on this link which clears this stuff -

Ron says-
'predict' doesn't go with this style of subjunctive. that's the command subjunctive, which goes with orders, requests, wishes, and the like, but not with predictions.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/sin ... t3110.html
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 03:23
Can someone provide a detailed analysis on this question. Thanks!
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 03:39
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fozzzy wrote:
Can someone provide a detailed analysis on this question. Thanks!


hi,

Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

first of all we can see that in non underlined portion we can see a COMMA before and...hence a independent clause must be there after and.
now option B is straight away wrong ..since an IC you will never see starting with WITH...HENCE B out.

C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would===>PREDICTITION is not 100 percent THING...and so also WOULD...so never use WOULD with PREDICTION....its kinda redundant thing...always use WILL.==>Hence this is wrong

D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target===>absence of WILL makes this option wrong...its acting as a subjunctive form.==>hence wrong.

E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will==>here they are 2 errors...first,due to the fact adds to wordiness .second, predicted ...is wrongverb tense ...we need present perfect ..because of the use of FOR WEEKS.

Hence correct option is A.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 04:20
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fozzzy wrote:
Can someone provide a detailed analysis on this question. Thanks!


Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

This question offers pretty good splits actually.
1)First split: verb tense => predicted VS have been predicting. Since we are talking about an action that happened over a period of time ("for weeks") the latter is correct.
2)Will or would? Since we are making a prediction about the future will is correct.
3)Due to or because of? if you cannot replace "due to" with "caused by", the sentence is incorrect (as happens here).

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will

This identifies A as the correct option.

shaileshmishra wrote:
first of all we can see that in non underlined portion we can see a COMMA before and...hence a independent clause must be there after and.


?????

Official question #1: Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

Official question #2:The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

Official question #3: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced X-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it. is finding uses in medicine, archaeology, and criminology.

Comma + and does not introduce an IC in all those examples.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2013, 04:48
1
Zarrolou wrote:

shaileshmishra wrote:
first of all we can see that in non underlined portion we can see a COMMA before and...hence a independent clause must be there after and.


?????

Official question #1: Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

Official question #2:The Iroquois were primarily planters, but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.

Official question #3: Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced X-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it. is finding uses in medicine, archaeology, and criminology.

Comma + and does not introduce an IC in all those examples.


hi,
sorry i was not very clear...
there are 3 ways we can use and
x and y===>list of two things....usage 1
x,y,and y===>list of 3 things..so you need a comma before when you have a list of more than 2 things.............usage 2
X,and Y===>in this case ==>X AND Y ARE ICs....=>my intention was to point out this category.......usage 3

your example:
Official question #1: Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi, in the form of carbon dioxide, and converting it to energy-rich sugars.

highlited part is modifier...they are supposed to be kept in between commas...if you remove the modifier..
then it becomes===Official question #1: Plants are more efficient at acquiring carbon than are fungi and converting it to energy-rich sugars.===>satisfying usage 1.
list of 2 things.

Official question #2:The Iroquois were primarily planters,but supplementing their cultivation of maize, squash, and beans with fishing and hunting.==>satisfying usage 2==>list of more than 2 things.

Official question #3: [u]Originally developed for detecting air pollutants, a technique called proton-induced X-ray emission, which can quickly analyze the chemical elements in almost any substance without destroying it.
is finding uses in medicine, archaeology, and criminology.===>again satisfying usage 2...list of more than 2 things..


Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.
=====>here there is no list ,,we have a complete clause an IC...BEFORE AND..so a IC is required after and....==>usage 3

hope it helps....
well for further understanding..read below an excerpt of MANHATTAN SC GUIDE.


Whenever you see and in a GMAT sentence, look for the list and count the items. GMAT
sentences have been observed to include as many as four items in a list connected by and.
List
XandY
X, Y, and Z
X, Y, Z, andW
Examples
Apples AND pears
Apples, pears, AriD bananas
Apples, pears, bananas, AND peaches
Correct lists obey these templates. No right answer omits and in a list just before the last
item. Moreover, the GMAT always inserts a comma before the and in lists of 3 or 4 items.
However, if you join 2 clauses with and, you can put an optional comma before the and.
Doing so is especially recommended when the clauses are long, independent, or both.
List of Clauses
X, and Y
Example
I really like candy apples, AND I eat them often.

HOPE IT HELPS.... :-D
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2013, 08:05
blueseas wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
Can someone provide a detailed analysis on this question. Thanks!


hi,

Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

first of all we can see that in non underlined portion we can see a COMMA before and...hence a independent clause must be there after and.
now option B is straight away wrong ..since an IC you will never see starting with WITH...HENCE B out.

C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would===>PREDICTITION is not 100 percent THING...and so also WOULD...so never use WOULD with PREDICTION....its kinda redundant thing...always use WILL.==>Hence this is wrong

D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target===>absence of WILL makes this option wrong...its acting as a subjunctive form.==>hence wrong.

E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will==>here they are 2 errors...first,due to the fact adds to wordiness .second, predicted ...is wrongverb tense ...we need present perfect ..because of the use of FOR WEEKS.

Hence correct option is A.



Hello,

I marked A as the correct answer but have a big doubt.

Why because of the economy’s continued strength is correct ?

According to one of the official question (Verbal 2nd edition), the usage of 'of X's is considered wrong.

After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

Please help where I am going wrong!!
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2013, 01:43
I think 'contemporaries of Harriet Tubman' is possessive form. It must not be written as 'contemporaries of Harriet Tubman's'.


[/quote]


Hello,

I marked A as the correct answer but have a big doubt.

Why because of the economy’s continued strength is correct ?

According to one of the official question (Verbal 2nd edition), the usage of 'of X's is considered wrong.

After the Civil War, contemporaries of Harriet Tubman’s maintained that she has all of the qualities of a great leader, coolness in the face of danger, an excellent sense of strategy, and an ability to plan in minute detail.

(A) Tubman’s maintained that she has
(B) Tubman’s maintain that she had
(C) Tubman’s have maintained that she had
(D) Tubman maintained that she had
(E) Tubman had maintained that she has

Please help where I am going wrong!![/quote]
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2014, 02:44
please clarify is it A or D?
Manhattan has provided D as answer.
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2014, 06:47
I think "for weeks"describes the continuous action of experts,so it should be present perfect tense.
B\Dis out because the lack of will/would
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2014, 11:31
1
Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest rate target five times, and because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will be raised again in November.

A. because of the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target will
B. with the economy’s strength continuing, analysts predicted for weeks that the target -
C. because the economy continues strong, analysts predicted for weeks that the target would - Wrong tense usage
D. due to the economy’s continued strength, analysts have been predicting for weeks that the target
E. due to the fact of the economy’s continued strength, analysts predicted for weeks that the target will

Prediction in present- Use future tense
Prediction in past - Use Would
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Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2015, 05:33
him1985 wrote:
Prediction in present- Use future tense
Prediction in past - Use Would


Can someone elaborate more on this, please...
Re: Since February, the Federal Reserve has raised its short-term interest &nbs [#permalink] 01 Mar 2015, 05:33

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