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Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of

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Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2013, 06:26
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A
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C
D
E

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Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of walking as being less efficient than in modern human beings.

(A) as being less efficient than in
(B) as less efficient than it is in
(C) as less efficient than that of
(D) to be less efficient than that of
(E) to have been less efficient than it is in


Can someone explain C and D, what is "that" referring to is it "manner of walking"?
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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of wa  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2013, 06:36
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fozzzy wrote:
Can someone explain C and D, what is that referring to


"that" in D and C refers to manner of walking

Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of walking as being less efficient than in modern human beings.

The first split I can think of is "in" VS "of". We are comparing the "manner of walking" and the not underlined portion uses a possessive construct:
hominids' manner of walking == manner of walking of the hominids
the second term should mantain this construct: out A B E.

(C) as less efficient than that of
(D) to be less efficient than that of

Now it's an idiomatic issue. "regard Something AS or TO BE". The correct form is the first one and C is the correct answer.

Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of walking as less efficient than that (manner of walking) of modern human beings.

Hope it's clear
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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of wa  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2013, 06:39
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Hi!
The correct idiom is: regard as.
Example: The level of ash is at higher density than aircraft manufacturers regard as safe for engines.

1. Using the idiom regards as - one can eliminate answer choices D & E.
2. Now the sentence structure: Some people regard the (the early hominids' manner) as less efficient than that (that is used to compare ''manner'') of modern human beings.

Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of walking as less efficient than that of modern human beings.

(A) as being less efficient than in (wrong comparison)
(B) as less efficient than it is in (wrong comparison)
(C) as less efficient than that of --> correct. the manner of X is compared to the manner of Y.
(D) to be less efficient than that of (eliminated--> idiom is: regard as.)
(E) to have been less efficient than it is in (eliminated--> idiom is: regard as.)
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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of wa  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2013, 00:34
Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of walking as being less efficient than in modern human beings.

(A) as being less efficient than in
(B) as less efficient than it is in Manner of walking in modern Human beings is nonsensical
(C) as less efficient than that of
(D) to be less efficient than that of
(E) to have been less efficient than it is in

Regard X as Y. X (the early hominids' manner of walking) is Noun, thus, Y should be Noun.
Thus, A, D, E are out

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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Nov 2015, 11:12
Hi experts,

Why is D incorrect?
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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2016, 04:05
Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of walking as being less efficient than in modern human beings.


(C) as less efficient than that of
(D) to be less efficient than that of


regard X as Y is correct idiom
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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 07:55
kanigmat011 wrote:
Hi experts,

Why is D incorrect?



The idiom is “Regard as / Regarded as” and based on this D and E are out.
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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2017, 23:29
Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of walking as being less efficient than in modern human beings.

(A) as being less efficient than in -- Parallelism issue , usage of being
(B) as less efficient than it is in - 'it' is troublesome, because it seems to refer back to the early hominids' manner of walking (something that clearly can't be seen in modern human beings) ;bad parallelism: the first part uses a possessive construction, not the preposition 'in', so the second must use a similar construction
(C) as less efficient than that of -- Correct
(D) to be less efficient than that of -- regard to be is unidiomatic
(E) to have been less efficient than it is in -- same as D

Answer C

'that of' (singular) and 'those of' (plural) are possessive constructions that allow us to write parallel comparisons without the bothersome repetition of specific nouns.

for instance:
Beethoven's symphonies were more revolutionary than Bach <-- wrong, because music is being compared to a person
Beethoven's symphonies were more revolutionary than Bach's symphonies <-- correct, but with bothersome repetition
Beethoven's symphonies were more revolutionary than Bach's <-- ok according to most sources, but i've never seen the gmat use the apostrophe+s for a plural
Beethoven's symphonies were more revolutionary than those of Bach <-- the best way to write this sentence.
in the last of these, 'those of bach' = 'bach's symphonies'.
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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2017, 19:43
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Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of walking as being less efficient than in modern human beings.

(A) as being less efficient than in
- Incorrect. "being" = wrong. also, illogical comparison -- here, compares the hominids' manner of walking to modern human beings.

(B) as less efficient than it is in
- Incorrect. Doesn't make sense.

(C) as less efficient than that of
- Correct. "That of" makes the [manner of walking] a clear comparison.

(D) to be less efficient than that of
- Incorrect. "regard to be" = wrong idiom. Should be "regard as".

(E) to have been less efficient than it is in
- Incorrect. Same as "D". "regard to be" = wrong idiom. Should be "regard as".

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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2018, 07:01
fozzzy wrote:
Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of walking as being less efficient than in modern human beings.

(A) as being less efficient than in
(B) as less efficient than it is in
(C) as less efficient than that of
(D) to be less efficient than that of
(E) to have been less efficient than it is in


Can someone explain C and D, what is "that" referring to is it "manner of walking"?


Here's my POE. Please correct me if something is incorrect.

First split: Use "AS" because we have to compare clauses. D and E out.

Second split: To maintain parallelism, and because it is idiomatically correct, "THAT OF" is better than "than it is" or "than in" . A and B out.
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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2018, 07:35
It should be D as in C it means that Morden man also has efficient but it is better than hominids

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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2019, 01:50
fozzzy wrote:
Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of walking as being less efficient than in modern human beings.

(A) as being less efficient than in
(B) as less efficient than it is in
(C) as less efficient than that of
(D) to be less efficient than that of
(E) to have been less efficient than it is in


Can someone explain C and D, what is "that" referring to is it "manner of walking"?


look at choice A
being is not idiomatic. we do not have "regard something as doing...". we have "regard something as+adjective/noun".
A suffer meaning error.
A mean
hominid's manner of walking is less efficient than hominid's manner of walking in modern human beings. this is no sense.

when the different things are compared , we have to use "that,those". when the same thing is compared , we used "it/they" or use Zero. choice A use "ZEro", and choice B use "it". both of them suffer the same meaning errors.

following comed from og books.

Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.


(A) a similar period

(B) a similar period’s

(C) in a similar period

(D) that in a similar period

(E) that of a similar period

choice C, not D is OA here. I have difuculty realizing that "that" is not needed. do not thing that we have a different circulation to use 'that". in face , it is the same circulation in different periods
this is to say that it is not easy to know different or the same things compared.
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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2019, 04:30
thangvietnam wrote:
fozzzy wrote:
Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of walking as being less efficient than in modern human beings.

(A) as being less efficient than in
(B) as less efficient than it is in
(C) as less efficient than that of
(D) to be less efficient than that of
(E) to have been less efficient than it is in


Can someone explain C and D, what is "that" referring to is it "manner of walking"?


look at choice A
being is not idiomatic. we do not have "regard something as doing...". we have "regard something as+adjective/noun".
A suffer meaning error.
A mean
hominid's manner of walking is less efficient than hominid's manner of walking in modern human beings. this is no sense.

when the different things are compared , we have to use "that,those". when the same thing is compared , we used "it/they" or use Zero. choice A use "ZEro", and choice B use "it". both of them suffer the same meaning errors.

following comed from og books.

Most of the country’s biggest daily newspapers had lower circulation in the six months from October 1995 through March 1996 than a similar period a year earlier.


(A) a similar period

(B) a similar period’s

(C) in a similar period

(D) that in a similar period

(E) that of a similar period

choice C, not D is OA here. I have difuculty realizing that "that" is not needed. do not thing that we have a different circulation to use 'that". in face , it is the same circulation in different periods
this is to say that it is not easy to know different or the same things compared.


I think I need to rewrite

"it,they" refer to noun+noun modifier in the preceding part of comparison. remember that "it/they" refers to the same thing in the preceding phrase. reference of the same thing can make illogic comparison. check the logicness
we use "that/those" to refer to words and just words in the preceding phrase. regarding meaning, "that/those " refer to the different things. when we see "that/those" make sure the comparison is clear and weather "that /those " is redundant. dont focus on wether the reference is to the same thing or different thing.

we use "zero" pronoun when the comparison is already clear. Zero pronoun can refer to the same thing in the preceding clause or to the different things. if the comparison is clear, we use zero pronoun and do not use "that/those" as with the case of example "circulation" above. dont focus on weather the reference is to the same or different thing. instead, focus on weather the comparison is clear.

in the example "circulation" , circulation in this period is different from circulation in that period, but , zero pronoun is used because the comparison is clear.

if I write
walking manner in hominid is less efficient than in human being.

we use zero pronoun here because comparison is clear. I think above sentence is correct and similar to the Official answer of the problem "circulation " above.

in choice A of our problem, we can not use zero pronoun "in human being" because the second element of comparison is not clear.

Anthropologist regard hominid's walking manner as less efficient that that of human being. (choice C).

in choice B of problem "walking manner', "it" refers to "hominid's walking manner", so, comparison is not logic.
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Re: Some anthropologists regard the early hominids' manner of   [#permalink] 07 Mar 2019, 04:30
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