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# The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road condition

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Manager
Joined: 13 Oct 2016
Posts: 241
GMAT 1: 600 Q44 V28
The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road condition  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2017, 12:01
1
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5% (low)

Question Stats:

88% (00:43) correct 12% (00:44) wrong based on 163 sessions

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The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road conditions as well as stiffer penalties for intoxicated drivers, have led to a significant decrease in the number of traffic accidents.

A. have led to a significant decrease in the number
B. have led to significant decreases in the amount
C. has led to a significant decrease in the number
D. has been significant in the decrease in the number
E. has significantly decreased the amount
Manager
Joined: 13 Oct 2016
Posts: 241
GMAT 1: 600 Q44 V28
Re: The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road condition  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2017, 12:13
2
The subject of this sentence is “activism,” making the singular verb “has” correct, so (A) and (B) are out. There’s also a choice between “number” and “amount” at the ends of the answer choices. Because traffic accidents are countable, the correct word to use is “number,” so (E) is out. Finally, (D) is wordy and a bit awkward (“has been significant in the decrease in”), and it changes the meaning of the sentence. (C) is therefore the correct answer. :)
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Re: The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road condition  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2018, 01:28
The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road conditions as well as stiffer penalties for intoxicated drivers, have led to a significant decrease in the number of traffic accidents.

A. have led to a significant decrease in the number

B. have led to significant decreases in the amount

C. has led to a significant decrease in the number

D. has been significant in the decrease in the number

E. has significantly decreased the amount

Thanks,
GyM
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Re: The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road condition  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2018, 01:34
Kritesh wrote:
The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road conditions as well as stiffer penalties for intoxicated drivers, have led to a significant decrease in the number of traffic accidents.

A. have led to a significant decrease in the number
B. have led to significant decreases in the amount
C. has led to a significant decrease in the number
D. has been significant in the decrease in the number
E. has significantly decreased the amount

The main subject of this sentence is "The activism of state citizens" = singular noun
So A. are B. are out (we're looking for singular verb)
So now we have C. D. E. which have obvious difference between the number and the amount
the noun following is "traffic accidents" which is countable noun so E is out
Comparing between C. and D. ---> C. is more concise and no ambiguity than D. So C is the winner here
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Joined: 25 Jun 2018
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Re: The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road condition  [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2018, 22:17
Kritesh wrote:
The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road conditions as well as stiffer penalties for intoxicated drivers, have led to a significant decrease in the number of traffic accidents.

A. have led to a significant decrease in the number
B. have led to significant decreases in the amount
C. has led to a significant decrease in the number
D. has been significant in the decrease in the number
E. has significantly decreased the amount

A,B&D are dramatically incorrect. And in C, 'led to a' is redundant, thus E.

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Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3745
The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road condition  [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2019, 00:34
1
1
Kritesh wrote:
The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road conditions as well as stiffer penalties for intoxicated drivers, have led to a significant decrease in the number of traffic accidents.

A. have led to a significant decrease in the number
B. have led to significant decreases in the amount
C. has led to a significant decrease in the number
D. has been significant in the decrease in the number
E. has significantly decreased the amount

Split #1: activism, singular, needs the singular verb has led

Eliminate options A and B because both incorrectly use have led.

Split #2: amount versus number

amount is used for uncountable nouns, this way:
-- a significant amount of water evaporated
-- the amount of pollution decreased because of strict carpooling laws

number is used for countable nouns, this way
-- the number of traffic accidents decreased

Options B and E incorrectly use amount of traffic accidents.
Number of traffic accidents is correct.

Split #3 : Meaning and causality

(C) "X [b]has led to a decrease
in the number of Y" is clear.

X caused the decrease.

(D) "X has been significant in the decrease in the number of Y" is not as clear as (C).

-- What does "has been significant" mean?
-- Was activism literally was in the middle of [was significant in] the decrease

-- "Has been significant" does not make a straightforward causal connection between activism and the decrease.
-- The verb phrase "has been (significant) in" is not as strong or logically clear as "has led to."

-- Compare to the clear and direct logic in (C), which says X has led to Y.

To describe something as being significant in" does not establish direct causality, and certainly does not express causality as well as Option (C)

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The activism of state citizens, who have demanded safer road condition   [#permalink] 18 Mar 2019, 00:34
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