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# The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =

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Intern
Joined: 06 Dec 2012
Posts: 22
GMAT 1: 510 Q46 V21
GPA: 3.5
The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 11 Oct 2014, 10:47
6
44
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (02:15) correct 59% (01:59) wrong based on 396 sessions

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The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| = 1, is equal to

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 8

I have tried to plot graph of lines and I got area from |x|=1 and |y|=1. but what about line |x+y|=1???
Confused and need to clarify the concepts?

Source: GMAT Tutor Question bank

Originally posted by sunny3011 on 11 Oct 2014, 05:01.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Oct 2014, 10:47, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64318
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2014, 12:11
1
7
sunny3011 wrote:
The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| = 1, is equal to

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 8

I have tried to plot graph of lines and I got area from |x|=1 and |y|=1. but what about line |x+y|=1???
Confused and need to clarify the concepts?

Source: GMAT Tutor Question bank

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Hope this helps.
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Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2014, 09:55
5
1
5
sunny3011 wrote:
The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, | x | = 1, and | y | = 1, is equal to
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4
e. 8

I have tried to plot graph of lines and I got area from |x|=1 and |y|=1. but what about line |x+y|=1???
Confused and need to clarify the concepts?

Source: GMAT Tutor Question bank

|x+y|=1 can be written as x+y=1 or x+y=-1. These are two straight lines, which are mirror image of each as shown in the following graph.

|x|=1 and |y|=1 are also drawn on the graph with red and blue lines respectively. The required area is shown in the grey blocks. which is equal to 3(2+1/2+1/2). (2 block of area 1 and two triangles of area =1/2)
Attachments

final.jpg [ 19.58 KiB | Viewed 11158 times ]

##### General Discussion
Intern
Joined: 17 Jan 2015
Posts: 35
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q42 V34
GMAT 2: 710 Q49 V38
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2016, 04:27
I am sorry but I don't understand how do we arrive at the shaded region whose area is required. So, can anyone out there help me out? Thanks.

Regards,
Pallavi
Intern
Joined: 29 Mar 2015
Posts: 10
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2016, 07:48
pallaviisinha wrote:
I am sorry but I don't understand how do we arrive at the shaded region whose area is required. So, can anyone out there help me out? Thanks.

Regards,
Pallavi

We have to make a graph with 6 equations:
x=1
x=-1
y=1
y=-1
x+y=1
x+y=-1

The shaded region is one with the overlap..two squares of side 1 & two right triangles with area 1/2 each..which gives the answer as 3.

Unfortunately in the photo accompanying the explanation, in place of the line x=-1, the line x=-2 is drawn. Perhaps that caused the confusion.

Hope it helped!
Intern
Joined: 17 Jan 2015
Posts: 35
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q42 V34
GMAT 2: 710 Q49 V38
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2016, 06:45
ytsejam wrote:
pallaviisinha wrote:
I am sorry but I don't understand how do we arrive at the shaded region whose area is required. So, can anyone out there help me out? Thanks.

Regards,
Pallavi

We have to make a graph with 6 equations:
x=1
x=-1
y=1
y=-1
x+y=1
x+y=-1

The shaded region is one with the overlap..two squares of side 1 & two right triangles with area 1/2 each..which gives the answer as 3.

Unfortunately in the photo accompanying the explanation, in place of the line x=-1, the line x=-2 is drawn. Perhaps that caused the confusion.

Hope it helped![/quoteTh

Indeed, thanks.
Manager
Joined: 14 Jun 2016
Posts: 69
Location: India
GMAT 1: 610 Q49 V21
WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2017, 08:13
manpreetsingh86 wrote:
sunny3011 wrote:
The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, | x | = 1, and | y | = 1, is equal to
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4
e. 8

I have tried to plot graph of lines and I got area from |x|=1 and |y|=1. but what about line |x+y|=1???
Confused and need to clarify the concepts?

Source: GMAT Tutor Question bank

|x+y|=1 can be written as x+y=1 or x+y=-1. These are two straight lines, which are mirror image of each as shown in the following graph.

|x|=1 and |y|=1 are also drawn on the graph with red and blue lines respectively. The required area is shown in the grey blocks. which is equal to 3(2+1/2+1/2). (2 block of area 1 and two triangles of area =1/2)

The solution is correct.
However,I think the line x=-1 is not represented properly here...
It should just be shifted to right side so that the area is covered by all the lines...
2 square boxes and two triangles must be covered by all the lines....
Intern
Joined: 04 Jul 2018
Posts: 2
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2018, 13:56
1
manpreetsingh86 wrote:
sunny3011 wrote:
The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, | x | = 1, and | y | = 1, is equal to
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4
e. 8

I have tried to plot graph of lines and I got area from |x|=1 and |y|=1. but what about line |x+y|=1???
Confused and need to clarify the concepts?

Source: GMAT Tutor Question bank

|x+y|=1 can be written as x+y=1 or x+y=-1. These are two straight lines, which are mirror image of each as shown in the following graph.

|x|=1 and |y|=1 are also drawn on the graph with red and blue lines respectively. The required area is shown in the grey blocks. which is equal to 3(2+1/2+1/2). (2 block of area 1 and two triangles of area =1/2)

The red line should be 1 square to the right? looks like it represents x=-2 instead of x=-1
Please correct me if Im wrong
Intern
Joined: 06 Aug 2017
Posts: 4
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2018, 07:29
Bunuel - We get x+y= -1 and x+y= 1. How do I plot the given equation |x + y | = 1 on the graph?
Senior Manager
Joined: 14 Oct 2019
Posts: 406
Location: India
GPA: 4
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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17 May 2020, 19:51
area = 6*0.5*1*1 = 3

are the shaded regions bounded by these curves correct?
Attachments

region.jpg [ 1.48 MiB | Viewed 458 times ]

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 8634
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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17 May 2020, 21:23
sunny3011 wrote:
The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| = 1, is equal to

A. 1
B. 2
C. 3
D. 4
E. 8

I have tried to plot graph of lines and I got area from |x|=1 and |y|=1. but what about line |x+y|=1???
Confused and need to clarify the concepts?

Source: GMAT Tutor Question bank

See the attached figure.

Now |x|=1 will give two straight lines perpendicular to x-axis crossing x at 1 and the other at -1.
Similarly |y|=1 will give two straight lines perpendicular to y-axis crossing y at 1 and the other at -1.

Thus |x|=1 and |y|=1 enclose a square of side 1-(-1)=2, so area of square = 2*2=4. (also shown by blue colour in graph).
So our area has to be less than or at the max equal to 4
. Eliminate E.

Draw lines |x+y|=1. The area which it excludes from 4 is shown by the star.
Now each square in the graph is 1*1, and |x|=1 and |y|=1 includes 4 such squares of area 1 each.=>184=1
But each of the $$\triangle$$ shown by the two stars are equal to half of the square 1*1. Thus, area of two triangles combined is equal to that of one square of 1*1 or 1.
Area, therefore, covered by |x|=1, |y|=1, and |x+y|=1 is 4-1=3.

Also since each of the |x|=1, |y|=1, and |x+y|=1 are linear equations and therefore equation of lines, it would be appropriate to mention them as lines rather than curve.
Attachments

Untitleda.png [ 7.51 KiB | Viewed 423 times ]

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Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 8634
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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17 May 2020, 21:26
preetamsaha wrote:
area = 6*0.5*1*1 = 3

are the shaded regions bounded by these curves correct?

The region is the unshaded portion in middle. The area has to be enclosed by all the three lines.
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Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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17 May 2020, 21:35
preetamsaha wrote:
area = 6*0.5*1*1 = 3

are the shaded regions bounded by these curves correct?

chetan2u
in my picture, all the areas are enclosed by three lines. am i wrong? although in your approach I found it very much logical.
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 8634
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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17 May 2020, 21:47
preetamsaha wrote:
preetamsaha wrote:
area = 6*0.5*1*1 = 3

are the shaded regions bounded by these curves correct?

chetan2u
in my picture, all the areas are enclosed by three lines. am i wrong? although in your approach I found it very much logical.

No, when we say area enclosed by |x|=1, all the area above the line x=1 and below the area x=-1 will be discarded.
So all the ares you have chosen is actually out of at least one of the regions enclosed by |x|=1, or by |y|=1 or by |x+y|=1.

Most of the time, when you talk of 'enclosed by lines' that are on either side of ORIGIN, the area that includes the origin is the correct portion.
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Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =  [#permalink]

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17 May 2020, 21:51
chetan2u
Okay. Thanks a lot.
Re: The area bounded by the three curves |x + y | = 1, |x| = 1, and |y| =   [#permalink] 17 May 2020, 21:51