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The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved,

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The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved,  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2019, 11:18
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Question Stats:

65% (01:53) correct 35% (01:58) wrong based on 279 sessions

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The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved, since no good arguments have been offered against it. After all, all the arguments against it have been presented by competing electricity producers.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the reasoning above depends?

(A) The competing electricity producers would stand to lose large amount of revenue from the building of a coal-burning electric plant.
(B) If a person's arguments against a proposal are defective, then the person has a vested interest in seeing that the proposal is not implemented.
(C) Approval of coal-burning electric plant would please coal suppliers more than disapproval would please suppliers of fuel to the competing electricity producers.
(D) If good arguments are presented for a proposal, then that proposal should be approved.
(E) Arguments made by those who have a vested interest in the outcome of a proposal are not good arguments.

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Re: The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved,  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Mar 2019, 05:08
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Gladiator59 wrote:
The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved, since no good arguments have been offered against it. After all, all the arguments against it have been presented by competing electricity producers.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the reasoning above depends?

(A) The competing electricity producers would stand to lose large amount of revenue from the building of a coal-burning electric plant.
(B) If a person's arguments against a proposal are defective, then the person has a vested interest in seeing that the proposal is not implemented.
(C) Approval of coal-burning electric plant would please coal suppliers more than disapproval would please suppliers of fuel to the competing electricity producers.
(D) If good arguments are presented for a proposal, then that proposal should be approved.
(E) Arguments made by those who have a vested interest in the outcome of a proposal are not good arguments.

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All arguments against the proposed coal-burning electric plant have been presented by competing electricity producers
So no good arguments have been offered against the proposed coal-burning electric plant.

Conclusion: The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved

There are some assumptions here:
Competitors (people with vested interests) cannot give good arguments.
If there are no good arguments against a proposal, it should be carried out.

Let's look at the options.

(A) The competing electricity producers would stand to lose large amount of revenue from the building of a coal-burning electric plant.

We are not assuming anything about revenue being lost. Irrelevant.

(B) If a person's arguments against a proposal are defective, then the person has a vested interest in seeing that the proposal is not implemented.

Not true. This flips the actual situation. Actually the argument is assuming that if a person has vested interest, his arguments are not good. On the other hand, this option says that if a person's arguments are not good, he has vested interests. Not necessary. Perhaps the person's arguments are not good because he is not smart enough to give good arguments. It needn't be that he must have a vested interest. For example, a media person could talk about the proposal and give some not-so-good arguments against it. But that could just be his opinion. It doesn't mean that he has vested interests in seeing that the proposal is not implemented.

(C) Approval of coal-burning electric plant would please coal suppliers more than disapproval would please suppliers of fuel to the competing electricity producers.

Irrelevant. We are not assuming whom the proposal will please and whom it won't.

(D) If good arguments are presented for a proposal, then that proposal should be approved.

The argument doesn't talk about good arguments FOR a proposal so we are not assuming anything about them.

(E) Arguments made by those who have a vested interest in the outcome of a proposal are not good arguments.

Yes, this is what we are assuming. Since competitors have given the arguments against the proposal, we are assuming that the arguments are not good.

Answer (E)
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Re: The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved,  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2019, 20:21
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Gladiator59 wrote:
The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved, since no good arguments have been offered against it. After all, all the arguments against it have been presented by competing electricity producers.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the reasoning above depends?

(A) The competing electricity producers would stand to lose large amount of revenue from the building of a coal-burning electric plant.
(B) If a person's arguments against a proposal are defective, then the person has a vested interest in seeing that the proposal is not implemented.
(C) Approval of coal-burning electric plant would please coal suppliers more than disapproval would please suppliers of fuel to the competing electricity producers.
(D) If good arguments are presented for a proposal, then that proposal should be approved.
(E) Arguments made by those who have a vested interest in the outcome of a proposal are not good arguments.

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Now this is an ASSUMPTION question, so we have to look for the gap..
We initially talk of lack of 'good arguments', and then says ' after all these are from competitors'..
So we have to connect competitors argument with good argument..

E says exactly the same and fills this gap..
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Re: The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved,  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Mar 2019, 21:38
IMO B .


not good = defective argument
and they have vested interest in seeing proposal is not implemented .

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Re: The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved,  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Mar 2019, 13:35
I am still confused between d and e

Why is d incorrect? Option e does have a proper linkage though. I agree with e as well.

Still cannot eliminate d on solid grounds!

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Re: The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved,  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2019, 03:56
aditliverpoolfc wrote:
I am still confused between d and e

Why is d incorrect? Option e does have a proper linkage though. I agree with e as well.

Still cannot eliminate d on solid grounds!

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We dont know whether the arguments made by competitors are good or bad and hence we cannot assume.
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Re: The proposed coal-burning electric plant should be approved,   [#permalink] 24 Mar 2019, 03:56
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