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The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas

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The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Jul 2018, 19:40
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A
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The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

(A) only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as

(B) only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being

(C) the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as

(D) the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as

(E) the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be

https://archive.archaeology.org/0003/newsbriefs/altar.html

Chinese state religion, whose origins stretch back to the Han Dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050-771 B.C.), involved the worship of heaven only by emperors, who were perceived as links between the earthly and celestial realms. Emperors mounted the steps of the Altar of Heaven barefoot, accompanied by an orchestra playing religious hymns, to prostrate themselves before celestial deities. Their effectiveness as emperors depended on the proper performance of ritual; otherwise they might be blamed for a bad harvest or other misfortunes.

Originally posted by WaterFlowsUp on 12 Nov 2014, 23:03.
Last edited by hazelnut on 11 Jul 2018, 19:40, edited 3 times in total.
Edited the title of the question
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2014, 23:55
WaterFlowsUp wrote:
The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

A. only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as
B. only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being
C. the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as
D. the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as
E. the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be


I narrowed down to A and C. Then finally i chose A since C is in passive voice.
Why A is wrong?
Verb-ing modifying the clause
'Them' refers to emperors
Whats the mistake am i doing in my analysis??
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2014, 00:51
1
Quote:
I narrowed down to A and C. Then finally i chose A since C is in passive voice.
Why A is wrong?
Verb-ing modifying the clause
'Them' refers to emperors
Whats the mistake am i doing in my analysis??


A is wrong because the meaning of A is wrong
A says: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.-----------------> this means that "The state religion of ancient China" ALLOWED nothing other than this !! this can also mean that "The state religion of ancient China" never allowed people to live !!
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2014, 01:57
2
2
The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

A. only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as
Wrong. idiom: allow X doing Y <-- wrong.

B. only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being
Wrong. "being" is wrong.

C. the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as
Correct. Idiom: allow X to be done by Y (original: allow X to do Y)

D. the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as
Wrong. The red part should be a main verb, not modifier.

E. the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be
Wrong. Idiom: allow X as done .... <-- wrong.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2014, 04:15
pqhai wrote:
The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

A. only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as
Wrong. idiom: allow X doing Y <-- wrong.

B. only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being
Wrong. "being" is wrong.

C. the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as
Correct. Idiom: allow X to be done by Y (original: allow X to do Y)

D. the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as
Wrong. The red part should be a main verb, not modifier.

E. the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be
Wrong. Idiom: allow X as done .... <-- wrong.

Hope it helps.


Hi pqhai,
can we say that in A, performing the ritual workshop and perceiving is in present tense. These has to be in past tense.
If this allow X to Y doesn't come to our mind, what's the other way to eliminate A.
TIA
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2014, 11:10
2013gmat wrote:
pqhai wrote:
The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

A. only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as
Wrong. idiom: allow X doing Y <-- wrong.

B. only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being
Wrong. "being" is wrong.

C. the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as
Correct. Idiom: allow X to be done by Y (original: allow X to do Y)

D. the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as
Wrong. The red part should be a main verb, not modifier.

E. the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be
Wrong. Idiom: allow X as done .... <-- wrong.

Hope it helps.


Hi pqhai,
can we say that in A, performing the ritual workshop and perceiving is in present tense. These has to be in past tense.
If this allow X to Y doesn't come to our mind, what's the other way to eliminate A.
TIA


Hi 2013gmat.

IMO, A is also wrong because of "perceiving......" - Verb-ing modifier.

If you re-read A, it seems to convey the idea that The state religion of ancient China allowed only emperors to perform the ritual worship --> RESULT: they, emperors, were perceived as special links between the earthly and celestial realms. That logic is not the intended meaning. Emperors did not need to perform the ritual worship IN ORDER TO BE perceived as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

Hope it helps.
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2014, 01:16
2013gmat wrote:
can we say that in A, performing the ritual workshop and perceiving is in present tense. These has to be in past tense

performing and perceiving used here are actually called present participles. It is worthwhile to note that participles don't have tense of their own and they just derive their tense from the main verb of the sentence.

The world economy is facing challenging times.
– Present participle challenging in a sentence in present continuous tense.

In 2007, the world economy faced challenging times.
– Present participle challenging in a sentence in past tense.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this concept of participles. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id, I can send you the corresponding section.
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2014, 06:30
EducationAisle wrote:
2013gmat wrote:
can we say that in A, performing the ritual workshop and perceiving is in present tense. These has to be in past tense

performing and perceiving used here are actually called present participles. It is worthwhile to note that participles don't have tense of their own and they just derive their tense from the main verb of the sentence.
This is the key. In choice A, "performing" isn't a verb--it's a modifier. That means the the state religion allowed only emperors (using an uncommon definition of allow, "to let enter or stay"). But not just any emperors were allowed into the state religion--only those emperors performing the proper rites were allowed in! This is clearly not the intended meaning of the sentence, and therefore answer (A) must be wrong.

Hope this helps!
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2014, 14:25
pqhai wrote:
2013gmat wrote:
pqhai wrote:
The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at least as far back as the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D. 220) and perhaps as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty (1050 B.C. to 771 B.C.), allowed only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

A. only emperors performing the ritual worship of heaven, perceiving them as
Wrong. idiom: allow X doing Y <-- wrong.

B. only emperors to perform the ritual worship of heaven, with the perception of them being
Wrong. "being" is wrong.

C. the ritual worship of heaven to be performed only by emperors, who were perceived as
Correct. Idiom: allow X to be done by Y (original: allow X to do Y)

D. the ritual worship of heaven, performed by emperors only, with the perception of them as
Wrong. The red part should be a main verb, not modifier.

E. the ritual worship of heaven as performed by emperors only, who were perceived to be
Wrong. Idiom: allow X as done .... <-- wrong.

Hope it helps.


Hi pqhai,
can we say that in A, performing the ritual workshop and perceiving is in present tense. These has to be in past tense.
If this allow X to Y doesn't come to our mind, what's the other way to eliminate A.
TIA


Hi 2013gmat.

IMO, A is also wrong because of "perceiving......" - Verb-ing modifier.

If you re-read A, it seems to convey the idea that The state religion of ancient China allowed only emperors to perform the ritual worship --> RESULT: they, emperors, were perceived as special links between the earthly and celestial realms. That logic is not the intended meaning. Emperors did not need to perform the ritual worship IN ORDER TO BE perceived as special links between the earthly and celestial realms.

Hope it helps.


This is a bit confusing. Usually, we predict the intended meaning from the main sentence. In this question too, the intended meaning of the main sentence must be maintained. Please correct me if i am wrong.
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2015, 08:02
Hello Folks,

Can you tell me the reason why B is incorrect?

I'm thinking : '...., with...' is modifying the state religion instead of the emperors


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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2018, 03:09
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Re: The state religion of ancient China, which came into existence at leas &nbs [#permalink] 27 Jun 2018, 03:09
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