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The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants

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The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants [#permalink]

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The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants of sheep that escaped from domestication on the island 8,000 years ago. They therefore provide archaeologists with a picture of what some early domesticated sheep looked like, before the deliberate selective breeding that produced modern domesticated sheep began.

The argument above makes which of the following assumptions?


(A) The domesticated sheep of 8,000 years ago were quite dissimilar from the wild sheep of the time.

(B) There are no other existing breeds of sheep that escaped from domestication at about the same time as the forebears of the Mouflon.

(C) Modern domesticated sheep are direct descendants of sheep that were wild 8,000 years ago.

(D) Mouflon sheep are more similar to their fore bears of 8,000 years ago than modern domesticated sheep are to theirs.

(E) The climate of Corsica has not changed at all in the last 8,000 years.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Originally posted by amitdgr on 21 Oct 2008, 07:14.
Last edited by Bunuel on 16 May 2018, 00:15, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2008, 07:35
amitdgr wrote:
The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants of sheep that escaped from domestication on the island 8,000 years ago. They therefore provide archaeologists with a picture of what some early domesticated sheep looked like, before the deliberate selective breeding that produced modern domesticated sheep began.

The argument above makes which of the following assumptions?

(A) The domesticated sheep of 8,000 years ago were quite dissimilar from the wild sheep of the time -> PERFECTO

(B) There are no other existing breeds of sheep that escaped from domestication at about the same time as the forebears of the Mouflon -> just providing pictures of some dom.sheeps is mentioned

(C) Modern domesticated sheep are direct descendants of sheep that were wild 8,000 years ago. -> this is irrelevant

(D) Mouflon sheep are more similar to their fore bears of 8,000 years ago than modern domesticated sheep are to theirs. -> why are v bothered about photos of wild sheeps OUT ,we are just taking picture of domestic sheeps of earlier time

(E) The climate of Corsica has not changed at all in the last 8,000 years. -> OOS

PR1 : The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants of sheep that escaped from domestication on the island 8,000 years ago.

CONCLUTION: They therefore provide archaeologists with a picture of what some early domesticated sheep looked like, before the deliberate selective breeding that produced modern domesticated sheep began.

providing pictures suffices for selcective breeding to get ddomesticated sheeps !! that means looks do matter
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Re: The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2008, 08:46
amitdgr wrote:
The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants of sheep that escaped from domestication on the island 8,000 years ago. They therefore provide archaeologists with a picture of what some early domesticated sheep looked like, before the deliberate selective breeding that produced modern domesticated sheep began.

The argument above makes which of the following assumptions?

(A) The domesticated sheep of 8,000 years ago were quite dissimilar from the wild sheep of the time.
(B) There are no other existing breeds of sheep that escaped from domestication at about the same time as the forebears of the Mouflon.
(C) Modern domesticated sheep are direct descendants of sheep that were wild 8,000 years ago.
(D) Mouflon sheep are more similar to their fore bears of 8,000 years ago than modern domesticated sheep are to theirs.
(E) The climate of Corsica has not changed at all in the last 8,000 years.


D is exactly what the passage assumes.

Since modren domesticated sheep are not similar to the Mouflon sheep and Mouflon sheep are more similar to their fore bears of 8,000 years ago, the Mouflon sheep provides archaeologists with a picture of what some early domesticated sheep looked like, before the deliberate selective breeding that produced modern domesticated sheep began.
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Re: The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2010, 19:03
(A) The domesticated sheep of 8,000 years ago were
quite dissimilar from the wild sheep of the
time. >> Weakens the conclusion. So not an assumption.

(B) There are no other existing breeds of sheep that
escaped from domestication at about the
same time as the forebears of the mouflon.
>> Not related to the passage. Passage talks only about Mouflon sheep.

(C) Modern domesticated sheep are direct descen-
dants of sheep that were wild 8,000 years ago.
>> This statement is incorrect as the passage indicates modern domesticated sheep are produced after deliberate selective breeding.
(D) Mouflon sheep are more similar to their fore-
bears of 8,000 years ago than modern domes-
ticated sheep are to theirs.
>> This is the assumption that conclusion depends on. This assumption binds the following together
1. Wild Mouflon sheep --direct descendants AND 2. so mouflon sheep can provide picture of what their forebears look like.


(E) The climate of Corsica has not changed at all in
the last 8,000 years.
>> Passage does not talk about climate and this is not relevant for conclusion.
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The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2012, 16:11
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The argument concludes the following: wild M. sheep provide a glimpse of what domesticated sheep 8,000 years ago looked like because these sheep have not been subjected to selective breeding. The assumption is that selective breeding changes the sheep and living out in the wild, as the M. sheep have done, does not make them different from the M. sheep of 8,000 years ago. Only (D) THE ANSWER addresses this assumption.


The argument above makes which of the following assumptions?

(A) The domesticated sheep of 8,000 years ago were quite dissimilar from the wild sheep of the time.

We only care about the wild M. sheep from today, not what the wild sheep were like 8,000 years ago.

(B) There are no other existing breeds of sheep that escaped from domestication at about the same time as the forebears of the mouflon.

Let's negate the assumption by omitting 'no' and see what happens. If there were other breeds of sheep that had escaped, then is the conclusion still valid? Notice the argument says 'some domestic sheep', meaning that the mouflon will give us an idea of how some of the old domesticated sheep looked, but not all of them. So even if a few other breeds escaped that wouldn't weaken this conclusion.

(C) Modern domesticated sheep are direct descendants of sheep that were wild 8,000 years ago.

The argument doesn't disagree with (C). It states that the sheep have changed over the years because of selective breeding.

(D) Mouflon sheep are more similar to their forebears of 8,000 years ago than modern domesticated sheep are to theirs. ANSWER

This is the assumption that ties the argument together. If M. sheep today are similar to the forebears from 8,000 years ago, then the conclusion is valid, i.e., we can gather what 8,000-year old sheep looked like.

(E) The climate of Corsica has not changed at all in the last 8,000 years.

The climate does not relate to this prompt. Do not bring in outside knowledge based on evolution: changes in climate and environemt leading to a change in the selective pressures in an organism.

Hope that helps :).
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Re: The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants [#permalink]

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Conclusion: Just because they look like some early domesticated sheep, It has been inferred that they are direct descendants.
Pre-thinking:
1. Picture is perfect to recognize the similarity.
2. there is a correlation between ancient and current sheep.

(A) The domesticated sheep of 8,000 years ago were quite dissimilar from the wild sheep of the time.< Focus on word DISSIMILAR - opposite of conclusion.>

(B) There are no other existing breeds of sheep that escaped from domestication at about the same time as the forebears of the Mouflon.<I am not concerned with other existing breed - elephants are also there, do i care, no>

(C) Modern domesticated sheep are direct descendants of sheep that were wild 8,000 years ago.<this uses similar terms but does focus on wildness of the sheep, and also no new info, assumption must have new info.>

(D) Mouflon sheep are more similar to their fore bears of 8,000 years ago than modern domesticated sheep are to theirs.<matches with my pre-thinking, so far, so good>

(E) The climate of Corsica has not changed at all in the last 8,000 years.<Yes climate has not changed. so, should i be happy, sad or do party?, trying to deceive me>

Hope this helps!
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Re: The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2018, 00:17
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Re: The wild Mouflon sheep of the island of Corsica are direct descendants   [#permalink] 16 May 2018, 00:17
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