Hi guys!
This is my second post of
Tips and Tricks, if you have missed the first one be sure to check it out :arrow:
InequalitiesIn this one I will show you a method (disclamer: I did not invente it
) to solve easly any mixture problem: it's called
Alligation.
It uses a
simple table to solve any mixture problem, every answer to such problems can be obtain by looking at this table .
Please note: the X concentration is the highest, the Y is the lowest The results that you get by subtracting, as I show you in the table, are the ratios of the substances in the desired mixture.
\(RATIO\frac{X}{Y}=\frac{Desired-Y}{X-Desired}\)
An exmple will explain better than any of my words because this method is really simple to use. I took the following questions from
here if you want to get some practice you can try some of those.
1)Seed mixture X is 40 percent ryegrass and 60 percent bluegrass by weight; seed mixture Y is 25 percent ryegrass and 75 percent fescue.
If a mixture of X and Y contains 30 percent ryegrass, what percent of the weight of this mixture is X ?
(A) 10%
(B) 33.33 %
(C) 40%
(D) 50%
(E) 66.66 %The question asks for the ryegrass so your table should look like this:
Solution: The final raio is\(\frac{X}{Y}=\frac{5}{10}\) (or \(\frac{1}{2}\)) so for every 1 part of X 2 parts of Y will be in the final mixture
So for a 3 kg mixture (for example)=> 1X and 2Y => \(X=33%\) of the total
BThis table can be used in other ways also, and this question is an example:
2)How many liters of pure alcohol must be added to a 100-liter solution that is 20 percent alcohol in order to produce a solution that is 25 percent alcohol?
(A) 7/2
(B) 5
(C) 20/3
(D) 8
(E) 39/4Your table:
Final ratio: \(\frac{X}{Y} = \frac{5}{75}\)
We know that Y is 100 liter so \(\frac{X}{100}=\frac{5}{75}\) \(X=\frac{20}{3}\)
CEasy!As you see mixture problems start to look very easy if you consider this method, and for sure all this will save you valuable time
Hope you guys like it
Cheers
I appreciate this as I've been searching for a breakdown on alligations. What I don't understand is the second half, for example with the 20/3 answer. Can you further break down your work so that it's clear how to use what you've found via the alligation in solving the problem?