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# #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists

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#Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 07:36
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Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their society and who advocate detachment rather than civic mindedness. However, modern literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. Thus, modern literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the critic's argument relies?

A. Some individuals in earlier eras were more concerned about contributing to societal good than is any modern individual.

B. It is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good.

C. Some individuals must believe that their society is better than most before they can become concerned with benefiting it.

D. The aesthetic merit of some literary works cannot be judged in complete independence of their moral effects.

E. Modem literature is generally not as conducive to societal good as was the literature of earlier eras.

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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 08:53
Confused but would choose ‘B’. Pls suggest if I am right.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 09:19
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souvik101990 wrote:
Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their society and who advocate detachment rather than civic mindedness. However, modem literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. Thus, modem literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the critic's argument relies?

A. Some individuals in earlier eras were more concerned about contributing to societal good than is any modem individual.

B. It is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good.

C. Some individuals must believe that their society is better than most before they can become concerned with benefiting it.

D. The aesthetic merit of some literary works cannot be judged in complete independence of their moral effects.

E. Modem literature is generally not as conducive to societal good as was the literature of earlier eras.

Premise 1: Literature often presents Protagonists who work against the society
Premise 2: Modern Literature treats such protagonists sympathetically vs Older literature that didn't treat such characters sympathetically.
Conclusion: People whose attitude is to do good work and contribute to society ---> their attitude is harmed by such "sympathetic projection of characters" in modern literature

A. Some individuals in earlier eras were more concerned about contributing to societal good than is any modem individual. Some individuals were more concerned.... Whether people were concerned in earlier era or not does not tell us anything about how ML affects modern citizen's attitude towards doing good to society

B. It is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good. If it were not advantageous i.e. Negating this statement: It is NOT to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good ---> ML doesn't play an exclusive role, and there may be other factors that contribute to this thought process not being advantageous. This must be false for the conclusion to hold. Hence B is a necessary condition required for the conclusion to be sufficient.

C. Some individuals must believe that their society is better than most before they can become concerned with benefiting it. Some (say from 1 to 100 (100 being max pop range)), believe that their society must be better...... Believing society is better or not doesn't portray how character assassination by a novel or sympathetic approach helps modify a person's attitude (in question) to do good.

D. The aesthetic merit of some literary works cannot be judged in complete independence of their moral effects. Aesthetic merit is not being judged here.

E. Modem literature is generally not as conducive to societal good as was the literature of earlier eras. Look at the word "generally". ML is generallyt not as conducive to societal good as..... meaning: it may or may not be conducive to SG ---> but in cases, where ML is conducive, what explains whether it affects the attitude or not.

OA
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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 09:23
E.
Negating looks to break the argument.
Assumption->negate.
OA please
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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 09:51
Conclusion- Thus, modem literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large
This attitude refers to unconcerned about contributing to societal good.

Hence if we replace the pronoun then conclusion is
Thus, modem literature can damage individuals who appropriate attitude of being unconcerned about contributing to societal good, as well as damage society at large

Now we can clearly see that "It is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good" is the answer.
Negation - It is to the advantage of no individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good. This breaks the conclusion.

Happened to read that replacing pronoun with the noun it refers aids to better understanding.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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12 Oct 2015, 11:22
Is it only my case that I go wrong in answering most of the souvenik questions(Of course they are tough) and then reanalyze after thinking for a long time and come with solutions later but never in the first place.
Of course all these are 700+ level qns but then what makes me feel sad is I'll rarely make it first time.
i know I'm acting immature by making a hue cry about this.

I eliminated choices A, B, C and D because all of them defined only some works or Some individuals, which I believe does not suffice.
I had a hard time in understanding this argument itself. Sorry to post like this.
Selected E.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2016, 19:07
souvik101990 wrote:
Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their society and who advocate detachment rather than civic mindedness. However, modem literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. Thus, modem literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the critic's argument relies?

A. Some individuals in earlier eras were more concerned about contributing to societal good than is any modem individual.

B. It is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good.

C. Some individuals must believe that their society is better than most before they can become concerned with benefiting it.

D. The aesthetic merit of some literary works cannot be judged in complete independence of their moral effects.

E. Modem literature is generally not as conducive to societal good as was the literature of earlier eras.

Can Someone explain how option B is correct over E.

Does the negation of option E doesn't shatter the conclusion
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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2016, 04:36
This is an assumption question. The passage mentions that "one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good". "conducive" is promoting or making something possible. Hence it is not the same thing as being unconcerned. Also the negation test does not hold in this case.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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03 May 2017, 17:40
it I just remove A,C,E because of OFS and choose D.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2017, 00:47
broall GMATNinja

can you elaborate on the OA on this one ? :/
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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2017, 12:12
is this an official gmat question?
the question seems to lack of intelligible sense.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2017, 16:40
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Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their society and who advocate detachment rather than civic mindedness. However, modem literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. Thus, modem literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the critic's argument relies?

A. Some individuals in earlier eras were more concerned about contributing to societal good than is any modem individual.

B. It is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good.

C. Some individuals must believe that their society is better than most before they can become concerned with benefiting it.

D. The aesthetic merit of some literary works cannot be judged in complete independence of their moral effects.

E. Modem literature is generally not as conducive to societal good as was the literature of earlier eras.

kunalsinghNS wrote:
broall GMATNinja

can you elaborate on the OA on this one ? :/

chesstitans, this is an official LSAT question, so let's try to make some sense out of it! (I corrected the post by changing "modem" to "modern"!)

The conclusion is that "modern literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large." In this context, "appropriate" means "take" or "adopt". In other words, if an individual adopts the attitude that "one should be unconcerned about contributing to a societal good", this can harm both the individual and society at large. To recap the author's argument:

• Unlike earlier literature, modern literature is sympathetic towards protagonists who scorn allegiance to their society and who advocate detachment rather than civic mindedness.
• Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that, like the protagonists, one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good.
• If an individual adopts that attitude, it can harm both the individual and society at large.

Now we need to find an assumption on which that argument depends. Choice (E) is tempting, but it is not an ASSUMPTION on which the argument depends. Rather, it is another conclusion that we could infer if we assume that the author's argument is valid.

Remember, the author says that modern literature makes individuals less concerned about societal good and concludes that modern literature is harmful to the individual. But what if being less concerned about societal good DOESN'T harm an individual? Sure, modern literature might make people less concerned with societal good, but if that doesn't harm the individual, then the author's argument falls apart. In other words, unless being concerned is somehow better than being unconcerned, the author's reasoning is not valid.

So choice (B) is a required assumption.
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Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2017, 17:31
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their society and who advocate detachment rather than civic mindedness. However, modem literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. Thus, modem literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the critic's argument relies?

A. Some individuals in earlier eras were more concerned about contributing to societal good than is any modem individual.

B. It is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good.

C. Some individuals must believe that their society is better than most before they can become concerned with benefiting it.

D. The aesthetic merit of some literary works cannot be judged in complete independence of their moral effects.

E. Modem literature is generally not as conducive to societal good as was the literature of earlier eras.

kunalsinghNS wrote:
broall GMATNinja

can you elaborate on the OA on this one ? :/

chesstitans, this is an official LSAT question, so let's try to make some sense out of it! (I corrected the post by changing "modem" to "modern"!)

The conclusion is that "modern literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large." In this context, "appropriate" means "take" or "adopt". In other words, if an individual adopts the attitude that "one should be unconcerned about contributing to a societal good", this can harm both the individual and society at large. To recap the author's argument:

• Unlike earlier literature, modern literature is sympathetic towards protagonists who scorn allegiance to their society and who advocate detachment rather than civic mindedness.
• Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that, like the protagonists, one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good.
• If an individual adopts that attitude, it can harm both the individual and society at large.

Now we need to find an assumption on which that argument depends. Choice (E) is tempting, but it is not an ASSUMPTION on which the argument depends. Rather, it is another conclusion that we could infer if we assume that the author's argument is valid.

Remember, the author says that modern literature makes individuals less concerned about societal good and concludes that modern literature is harmful to the individual. But what if being less concerned about societal good DOESN'T harm an individual? Sure, modern literature might make people less concerned with societal good, but if that doesn't harm the individual, then the author's argument falls apart. In other words, unless being concerned is somehow better than being unconcerned, the author's reasoning is not valid.

So choice (B) is a required assumption.

I understand the logic behind the argument after I read many official explanations from you, peers, other gmat experts, and from reliable sources. The problem of this question lies in the word; the question is really confusing.

Here is what I understand about the logic: the traditional literature tells nice things about individuals who do the good to the society, while the modern literature does not do the same much. Thus, the modern literature damages the society, and individuals who want to contribute the good to the society. => B: individuals really concern with contribute to the good to the society.
Re: #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists   [#permalink] 09 Nov 2017, 17:31
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# #Top150 CR: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists

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