GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 26 Sep 2018, 05:51

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 10 Nov 2010
Posts: 139
Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 06 Apr 2011, 12:50
5
33
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

32% (02:27) correct 68% (02:35) wrong based on 1528 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn allegiance to their society and who advocate detachment rather than civicmindedness. However, modem literature is distinguished from the literature of earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic treatment of such characters suggests to readers that one should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. Thus, modem literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the critic's argument relies?

(A) Some individuals in earlier eras were more concerned about contributing to societal good than is any modem individual.
(B) It is to the advantage of some individuals that they be concerned with contributing to societal good.
(C) Some individuals must believe that their society is better than most before they can become concerned with benefiting it.
(D) The aesthetic merit of some literary works cannot be judged in complete independence of their moral effects.
(E) Modem literature is generally not as conducive to societal good as was the literature of earlier eras.

If someone can explain the reasoning behind choosing an answer choice,it will be good as I couldn't grasp the idea of the argument.

Originally posted by vjsharma25 on 06 Apr 2011, 07:35.
Last edited by vjsharma25 on 06 Apr 2011, 12:50, edited 2 times in total.
Most Helpful Community Reply
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2010
Posts: 205
Schools: UNC Duke Kellogg
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jun 2011, 06:26
13
3
It's useful to use the "negate" technique on tough assumption questions.

In the presence of modifiers like "some", "all", "none", "never" -- we should negate that modifier to take its logical opposite.

With the modified "assumption" -- the conclusion must fall apart if it is the correct answer choice.

Let us examine choice A:

Some (modify this) individuals in earlier eras were more
concerned about contributing to societal good
than is any modem individual

Modified A: No individuals in earlier eras were more
concerned about contributing to societal good
than is any modem individual.

Ok..but the author's conclusion is valid. The author only claims that modern literature can damage individuals and society at large. So what if NO individuals in the earlier ears were more concerned about societal good than any modern individual? The author's conclusion is still valid.

Lets look at choice B:

It is to the advantage of some (modify) individuals that they
be concerned with contributing to societal good.

Modified B: It is to the advantage of NO individuals that they
be concerned with contributing to societal good.

From "negated" choice B -- we know that it makes no sense for any individual to contribute to society. If it makes no sense to contribute to society -->> modern literature's influence is inconsequential. And thus the author's argument falls apart. Choice B is correct.
General Discussion
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 761
Reviews Badge
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Apr 2011, 08:06
Have tried my best :-). This is the paraphrase -

"The previous works of literature scorn the works of detachments towards the society. However modern literature seems to sympathasize with those nonchalant people. Hence modern literature promotes detrimental attitude of aloofness among the individuals."

A - This must be assumed. If this is not true then whether the literature is good or bad we may not able able to access the efficacy of the argument. The "few" good men of the previous era must be genuinely concerned about the societal good for the argument to be sane

B - may not necessarily be assumed. Whether the individual will have "advantage" has no bearing on the argument. The argument relies on how modern literature affects the individuals.

C - may not necessarily be assumed. Is very parochial and says nothing about how the modern literature will affects the individual

D - The aesthetic merit of the iliteray works is plain wrong and has no bearing on the argument.

Hence take A. If the answer is wrong please be patient.
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 761
Reviews Badge
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Apr 2011, 09:37
1
I change to B. The necessary assumption here is -
The "few" good men must be genuinely concerned about the societal good

If I insert B into the argument it becomes meaningful.

I believe in A "more" need not be assumed. another keyword is "any" which is unwarranted. B it is.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 10 Nov 2010
Posts: 139
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Apr 2011, 09:52
gmat1220 wrote:
I change to B. The necessary assumption here is -
The "few" good men must be genuinely concerned about the societal good

If I insert B into the argument it becomes meaningful.

I believe in A "more" need not be assumed. another keyword is "any" which is unwarranted. B it is.

Yes answer is B. But still m not able to get how come the advantage of some individuals comes into the picture?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 10 Nov 2010
Posts: 139
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Apr 2011, 10:01
1
Is it because some people are concerned about the societal good,they are getting benefited from that and if they are unconcerned then they will not get that benefit or in other words will damage themselves (as passage suggests) ?

So if they are damaging themselves and society at large by showing indifferent attitude,it must be assumed that they must get some benefit by showing some concern towards society.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 24 Mar 2010
Posts: 47
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Apr 2011, 11:38
Would you mind sharing the source of the question?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 10 Nov 2010
Posts: 139
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Apr 2011, 12:34
sk818020 wrote:
Would you mind sharing the source of the question?

Source is mentioned in the question tag.Its from LSAT.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 24 Mar 2010
Posts: 47
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Apr 2011, 12:37
vjsharma25 wrote:
sk818020 wrote:
Would you mind sharing the source of the question?

Source is mentioned in the question tag.Its from LSAT.


Excuse me I should have clarified. Can you please tell me which test number? The reason I ask is that I have never seen an LSAT critical reasoning question that only had 4 answer choices.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 10 Nov 2010
Posts: 139
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Apr 2011, 12:45
sk818020 wrote:
vjsharma25 wrote:
sk818020 wrote:
Would you mind sharing the source of the question?

Source is mentioned in the question tag.Its from LSAT.


Excuse me I should have clarified. Can you please tell me which test number? The reason I ask is that I have never seen an LSAT critical reasoning question that only had 4 answer choices.

Edited the original post.Its from test number 46.
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 761
Reviews Badge
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Apr 2011, 02:21
1
1
Hey vjsharma25
I have seen one pattern in LSAT questions - and this pattern is absent on gmat questions. The question is seeking an answer which splits the "sufficient condition" Vs the "necessary condition". I believe that the necessary condition is one we have analyzed - the society needs few good men. The sufficient condition is good people benefit from the good deed - that is the reason OA has "It is to the advantage of some individuals". If you don't read this carefully you are going to miss the point.

This pattern will not make an error of judgement on GMAT CR but on LSAT it will because legal documents must split between what is necessary and sufficient - I mean they should. So as a management aspirant we don't have to be discrete between the splits - necessary VS sufficient. If you looking for a law school then you must differentiate between the two on first sight :-)

vjsharma25 wrote:
Is it because some people are concerned about the societal good,they are getting benefited from that and if they are unconcerned then they will not get that benefit or in other words will damage themselves (as passage suggests) ?

So if they are damaging themselves and society at large by showing indifferent attitude,it must be assumed that they must get some benefit by showing some concern towards society.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 10 Nov 2010
Posts: 139
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Apr 2011, 02:49
gmat1220 wrote:
Hey vjsharma25
I have seen one pattern in LSAT questions - and this pattern is absent on gmat questions. The question is seeking an answer which splits the "sufficient condition" Vs the "necessary condition". I believe that the necessary condition is one we have analyzed - the society needs few good men. The sufficient condition is good people benefit from the good deed - that is the reason OA has "It is to the advantage of some individuals". If you don't read this carefully you are going to miss the point.

This pattern will not make an error of judgement on GMAT CR but on LSAT it will because legal documents must split between what is necessary and sufficient - I mean they should. So as a management aspirant we don't have to be discrete between the splits - necessary VS sufficient. If you looking for a law school then you must differentiate between the two on first sight :-)

vjsharma25 wrote:
Is it because some people are concerned about the societal good,they are getting benefited from that and if they are unconcerned then they will not get that benefit or in other words will damage themselves (as passage suggests) ?

So if they are damaging themselves and society at large by showing indifferent attitude,it must be assumed that they must get some benefit by showing some concern towards society.

Thats insightful.Thanks for sharing your thoughts on this.
VP
VP
avatar
Status: There is always something new !!
Affiliations: PMI,QAI Global,eXampleCG
Joined: 08 May 2009
Posts: 1093
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Jun 2011, 19:13
I guess re reading the conclusion gives a hint about those individuals being talked about here.
Interests of those individuals can be damaged is the point made.

B takes this into consideration.
_________________

Visit -- http://www.sustainable-sphere.com/
Promote Green Business,Sustainable Living and Green Earth !!

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 20 Dec 2013
Posts: 243
Location: India
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Feb 2014, 05:56
Phew!Took approx.4 minutes before I noticed 'can damage individuals' at the last.On that basis alone chose B.
Because if being unconcerned with social good is damaging to individuals,the author must assume the opposite ie being concerned with social good to be true.
Is this reasoning incorrect?

Posted from my mobile device
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Oct 2013
Posts: 153
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Feb 2014, 06:43
I pretty much arrived at the same answer with the same reasoning. And OA is B indeed. also others seem far away from being proper assumption.

AKG1593 wrote:
Phew!Took approx.4 minutes before I noticed 'can damage individuals' at the last.On that basis alone chose B.
Because if being unconcerned with social good is damaging to individuals,the author must assume the opposite ie being concerned with social good to be true.
Is this reasoning incorrect?

Posted from my mobile device

_________________

Click on Kudos if you liked the post!

Practice makes Perfect.

Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 24 Nov 2015
Posts: 540
Location: United States (LA)
Reviews Badge
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 May 2016, 00:50
This is very tough question of assumption i have encountered can anyone please explain the logic on how to derive correct assumption?
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 20 Nov 2015
Posts: 11
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 May 2016, 07:43
DevilDoggNC wrote:
It's useful to use the "negate" technique on tough assumption questions.

In the presence of modifiers like "some", "all", "none", "never" -- we should negate that modifier to take its logical opposite.

With the modified "assumption" -- the conclusion must fall apart if it is the correct answer choice.

Let us examine choice A:

Some (modify this) individuals in earlier eras were more
concerned about contributing to societal good
than is any modem individual

Modified A: No individuals in earlier eras were more
concerned about contributing to societal good
than is any modem individual.

Ok..but the author's conclusion is valid. The author only claims that modern literature can damage individuals and society at large. So what if NO individuals in the earlier ears were more concerned about societal good than any modern individual? The author's conclusion is still valid.

Lets look at choice B:

It is to the advantage of some (modify) individuals that they
be concerned with contributing to societal good.

Modified B: It is to the advantage of NO individuals that they
be concerned with contributing to societal good.

From "negated" choice B -- we know that it makes no sense for any individual to contribute to society. If it makes no sense to contribute to society -->> modern literature's influence is inconsequential. And thus the author's argument falls apart. Choice B is correct.


Dear sir,
Will you please explain how you negated the option E .
Thanks
Teja
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 16 Oct 2015
Posts: 15
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2016, 10:09
vjsharma25 wrote:
gmat1220 wrote:
I change to B. The necessary assumption here is -
The "few" good men must be genuinely concerned about the societal good

If I insert B into the argument it becomes meaningful.

I believe in A "more" need not be assumed. another keyword is "any" which is unwarranted. B it is.

Yes answer is B. But still m not able to get how come the advantage of some individuals comes into the picture?


I reasoned as follows: According to the critic "works of literature often present protagonists who advocate
detachment from society rather than civic mindedness. However, modern literature is distinguished from the previous literature, among other things, because it is sympathetic to such protagonists. And this treatment suggests to readers that they should be unconcerned about contributing to societal good. And so, from here, the critic jumps to state/conclude (watch out the word "Thus") that modern literature can damage individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as damage society at large... So, modern literature by influencing some people to adopt an unconcerned attitude towards contributing to societal good can damage them. So if this attitude is changed (reversed) there will be an advantage, a benefit (or at least not a damage) as per the Critic's argument. If you are damaged this implies that you have a selfish/detached attitude if you're not selfish/detached then this implies that you are not damaged (by a potential wrong attitude). Hence, B.

I hope this helps!

Best,

EISP

Posted from my mobile device

Posted from my mobile device
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 03 May 2015
Posts: 224
Location: South Africa
Concentration: International Business, Organizational Behavior
GPA: 3.49
WE: Web Development (Insurance)
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jul 2016, 02:37
1
vjsharma25 wrote:
Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who scorn
allegiance to their society and who advocate
detachment rather than civicmindedness. However,
modem literature is distinguished from the literature of
earlier eras in part because it more frequently treats
such protagonists sympathetically. Sympathetic
treatment of such characters suggests to readers that
one should be unconcerned about contributing to
societal good. Thus, modem literature can damage
individuals who appropriate this attitude, as well as
damage society at large.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which
the critic's argument relies?

(A) Some individuals in earlier eras were more
concerned about contributing to societal good
than is any modem individual.
(B) It is to the advantage of some individuals that they
be concerned with contributing to societal good.
(C) Some individuals must believe that their society is
better than most before they can become
concerned with benefiting it.
(D) The aesthetic merit of some literary works cannot
be judged in complete independence of their moral
effects.
(E) Modem literature is generally not as conducive
to societal good as was the literature of earlier
eras.

If someone can explain the reasoning behind choosing an answer choice,it will be good as I couldn't grasp the idea of the argument.


Lets break the argument :

Modern literature = sympathy for not - so - social
Conclusion : harmful for individuals.

The only way it will be harmful is if it was bad for not-so-social. If it was good for those people, then modern literature is encouraging good habits...
Clear B
_________________

Kudos if I helped ;)

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 19 Mar 2015
Posts: 1
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Nov 2016, 01:48
conclusion: modern literature damages individual and society at large.
premise: modern literature treats protagonost sympathetically
modern literature suggest that one should be unconcerned of societal good


hence b
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who &nbs [#permalink] 17 Nov 2016, 01:48

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 24 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

Critic: Works of literature often present protagonists who

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.