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Two historians of the First World War both depict women as taking up

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Two historians of the First World War both depict women as taking up  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Sep 2019, 07:53
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New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 331, Date : 15-Sep-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


Two historians of the First World War both depict women as taking up roles previously reserved for men, but they differ slightly in the significance they describe to these unprecedented but temporary wartime duties. Gail Braybon describes the war as a liberating experience for many women. Although women working in munitions factories were subject to new dangers, such as explosions and trinitrotoluene poisoning, they were mindful of and proud of supporting the war effort, whether or not they considered the broader significance of their actions. Joshua Goldstein too describes a sense of freedom in women but emphasizes that it was short-lived. Although the war bent gender roles, it did not lessen hostility to women in traditionally male jobs, increase the value of female labor, or uproot the notion that home life was a strictly female responsibility. Braybon might reply by noting that, while other changes were slower in coming, some women suffragists supported the war and women's role in it to further their cause, and this position may have contributed to the advent of women's right to vote after the war, even by Goldstein's account. Perhaps more central to Braybon's position is that the liberation that women experienced during the war was one of sentiment and therefore made no less real by the lack of accompanying widespread reform. Furthermore, even though the spirit of liberation must have faded with the end of the war, it might have lived on in a latent form and ultimately contributed to the formation of the women's movement.


1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. examine two sides of a historical debate
B. challenge an author's interpretation of a historical phenomenon
C. describe one author's view on a historical debate
D. discuss two authors' interpretations of a historical phenomenon
E. explain the most widely accepted interpretation of a historical phenomenon



2. The author of the passage mentions women's right to vote primarily in order to

A. remind readers of the role voting played in the development of women's rights during and after the First World War
B. give an example of an area in which women living through the First World War were already empowered
C. establish that women did not have to endure risk of physical harm in order to obtain improved rights during the war
D. raise questions about which women's rights were best advanced by the roles women played during the First World War
E. give an example of how the temporary roles played by women during the First World War had lasting benefits



3. With which of the following characterizations of Braybon's interpretation of the significance of women's roles in the First World War would the author of the passage be most likely to agree?

A. Braybon interprets women's participation in the First World War according to popular feminist theory.
B. Braybon interprets women's roles in the First World War in terms of an idea of liberation that merits further clarification.
C. Braybon has characterized the significance of women's participation the First World War by using women's voting rights as a frame of reference.
D. Braybon has explored perspectives about wartime responsibility and liberation that were previously ignored.
E. Braybon has applied recent historiographical methods to the question of how women's participation in the First World War shaped women's rights.



4. According to the passage, Goldstein's view differs from Braybon's view in that Goldstein's view

A. considers a wider set of issues
B. ignores women's voting rights
C. casts doubt on the value of the roles played by women
D. describes a narrower impact on the women's movement
E. fails to provide evidence to support its claims



5. According to the passage, Braybon would be most likely to believe that the roles taken up by women during the First World War

A. had a lasting impact because they were legally validated
B. had somewhat inconsistent but lasting spiritual impact
C. benefited women in a way that was difficult to observe directly
D. justified the support of the war effort and the dangers to which women were subjected
E. were important to women's rights, but at odds with the development of human rights more broadly



6. The passage suggests that Goldstein's interpretation of the roles played by women in the First World War would support which of the following views of women's history?

A. Women's status did not advance relative to that of men during the First World War.
B. Women after the First World War were not as likely to be conscious of their status as were women during the First World War.
C. Some advances in the women's movement were temporary.
D. The First World War increased the value of female labor, but it did not necessarily impart upon women a sense of liberation.
E. Women's occupations were generally more respected prior to the First World War than during the First World War.



Source: GMAT Free (16)
Difficulty Level: 650

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Re: Two historians of the First World War both depict women as taking up  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2019, 08:03
Kindly post Official Explaination for question no 3
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Re: Two historians of the First World War both depict women as taking up  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2019, 09:00
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Official Explanation


3. With which of the following characterizations of Braybon's interpretation of the significance of women's roles in the First World War would the author of the passage be most likely to agree?

Explanation

This question asks us to attribute a view to the author, and since the author has not shared much opinion in the passage, the correct answer is likely to be a cautious claim, not a bold one.

Answer choice (A), for example, mentions "feminist theory," and as feminist theory hasn't been mentioned in the passage, choice (A) cannot be directly tied to the passage; we have little to no grounds to believe that the author would believe (A).

Answer choice (B) is definitely correct in characterizing Braybon's view as about liberation. Does the author likely think that the view "merits clarification"? Maybe in the sense that the author replies to Goldstein by speculating on Braybon's behalf. So we can keep (B) in the running.

Choice (C) is inaccurate; Braybon's portrayal is focused on liberation, not voting. So (C) is out.

Choice (D) may be accurate, but the claim goes too far, because there is no discussion or even mention of previous views of wartime responsibility.

(E), like (D), introduces concepts that haven't been discussed--both modern methods and arguably even women's rights. Looking back at (B), we can be confident that the author expresses that Braybon has legitimate responses to Goldstein's view, but as these responses are speculative, further clarification of her view is warranted.

The correct answer is (B).


Hope it helps

ShankSouljaBoi wrote:
Kindly post Official Explaination for question no 3

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Re: Two historians of the First World War both depict women as taking up  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2019, 07:31
SajjadAhmad

Please post OE for Q4.
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Re: Two historians of the First World War both depict women as taking up  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2019, 08:51
gmat1393 wrote:
SajjadAhmad

Please post OE for Q4.


Official Explanation


4. According to the passage, Goldstein's view differs from Braybon's view in that Goldstein's view

Difficulty Level: 600

Explanation

This question asks us about the difference between the two views. Since the author has been cautious, the correct answer is unlikely to be bold. Answer choices (A) and (E) can be eliminated on these grounds. Choice (B) is inaccurate, given the phrase "even by Goldstein's account" in line 18. Choice (C) inaccurately describes what Goldstein said; he said that the liberation was short-lived, not of little value. But he did describe a limited effect of the liberation.

The correct answer is (D).


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Two historians of the First World War both depict women as taking up  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Feb 2020, 20:32
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please post the explanation to Q6
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Re: Two historians of the First World War both depict women as taking up  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2020, 10:23
Santanubarik wrote:
please post the explanation to Q6


Official Explanation


6. The passage suggests that Goldstein's interpretation of the roles played by women in the First World War would support which of the following views of women's history?

Difficulty Level: 700

Explanation

In this question, we more or less repeat the exercise of the previous question, but now, rather than attribute a view to Braybon, we attribute one to Goldstein. Goldstein's key thesis is that the duration and impact of women's liberation during the war was limited. Let's see what answer choices are consistent with this view.

Answer choice (C) certainly does. Depending on how we are doing on time in this section, we can just go with (C) or determine objective errors in the others.

(A) is out because Goldstein acknowledges a temporary effect--one during the war.

(B) touches on a subjection that is not discussed.

Choice (D) is inaccurate, given Goldstein's views in line (Braybon might reply by noting that, while other changes were slower in coming)

Answer choice (E) touches on a subject that is not discussed.

The correct answer is (C).

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Re: Two historians of the First World War both depict women as taking up   [#permalink] 18 Feb 2020, 10:23
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