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# A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo

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A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2014, 00:12
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73% (00:44) correct 27% (00:46) wrong based on 874 sessions

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A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity of that species in more than a century, making it a landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.

(A) A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity of that species in more than a century, making it

(B) A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, and as the first birth of that species in captivity for more than a century, it is

(C) A Sumatran rhinoceros recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, as the first birth for that species in captivity for over a century, is

(D) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is

(E) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros, as the first birth in over a century of that species in captivity, took place in a Cincinnati zoo,

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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2014, 08:56
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The Rhinoceros is not a landmark development; the recent birth in captivity is. Hence ABC fall because of improper modification.

Between D and E, E is faulty without a working verb: Hence D is the choice
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2014, 19:34
10
1
A) A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity of that species in more than a century, making it "the first birth" illogically describes either rhinoceros or Cincinnati zoo; "it" does not have a logical referent.

B) A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, and as the first birth of that species in captivity for more than a century, it is
"And" conjunction changes the meaning of the sentence; "it" does not have a logical referent"

C) A Sumatran rhinoceros recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, as the first birth for that species in captivity for over a century, is A rhinoceros is not a landmark development, but the birth of one

D) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is OK

E) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros, as the first birth in over a century of that species in captivity, took place in a Cincinnati zoo, "the first birth in over a century of that species" indicates a different meaning.
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2014, 10:31
In addition to what daagh mentions, I believe that "it" in A does not have a proper referent. Also, in hindsight it is easy to see that "captivity of that species" is incorrect; "captivity for that species" is correct.
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 11 Nov 2014, 03:36
1
A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity of that species in more than a century, making it a landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.

A) A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity of that species in more than a century, making it
B) A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, and as the first birth of that species in captivity for more than a century, it is
C) A Sumatran rhinoceros recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, as the first birth for that species in captivity for over a century, is
D) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is
E) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros, as the first birth in over a century of that species in captivity, took place in a Cincinnati zoo,

Meaning : A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo. The birth of the rhinoceros is the first birth in over a century of that species, making it a landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.

POE:
A) The first birth should point to a noun in the previous clause, but there is no noun in the previous clause – “A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo”.
B) makes the modifier as parallel entity and that changes the meaning.
C) “as the first birth for the species”. What as the first birth is not clear.
E) “as the first birth”. What as the first birth is not clear.

Option D) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is a landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.
I chose Option D) for the following reasons:
1) “the first birth” modifies the “recent birth” in the previous clause.
2) If I remove the modifier “, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century”, the original sentence alone makes perfect sense.

Doubts:
1) Is the option D) falls in the category of noun+noun modifier?
Normally I have seen the following structure for noun+noun modifier
clause,noun that/which modifier

Here there is no mention of “that/which” and gives an impression of noun modifier and as I know noun modifier can only modify only the close nouns.

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Originally posted by kinjiGC on 13 Apr 2014, 06:02.
Last edited by kinjiGC on 11 Nov 2014, 03:36, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2014, 17:59
1
1
kinjiGC wrote:
Doubts:
1) Is the option D) falls in the category of noun+noun modifier?
Normally I have seen the following structure for noun+noun modifier
clause,noun that/which modifier

Here there is no mention of “that/which” and gives an impression of noun modifier and as I know noun modifier can only modify only the close nouns.

Hi @ kinjiGC,
Thank you for posting your detailed analysis of the question. I am so glad that you are applying the e-GMAT 3-step process so very well. The only thing that I would like to see is the sentence structure analysis. But I believe you are doing that in your head in order to arrive at the meaning of the sentence.
Now let's come to your doubt. I have presented the complete sentence with Choice D below:

The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is a landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.

The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is a landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.

In this sentence the colored entities are noun modifiers. The former "blue" modifies "recent birth". The latter (the green one) modifies the "recent birth" as well. I am not sure why you felt that there is a noun + noun modifier in this choice.

Regards,
Payal
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2014, 01:07
egmat wrote:
In this sentence the colored entities are noun modifiers. The former "blue" modifies "recent birth". The latter (the green one) modifies the "recent birth" as well. I am not sure why you felt that there is a noun + noun modifier in this choice.

Hellp Payal, wondering if the earlier poster is referring to the following:

the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century

Isn't this a noun (the first birth) +noun modifier (in captivity for that species in over a century)?
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2014, 09:04
egmat wrote:
kinjiGC wrote:
Doubts:
1) Is the option D) falls in the category of noun+noun modifier?
Normally I have seen the following structure for noun+noun modifier
clause,noun that/which modifier

Here there is no mention of “that/which” and gives an impression of noun modifier and as I know noun modifier can only modify only the close nouns.

Hi @ kinjiGC,
Thank you for posting your detailed analysis of the question. I am so glad that you are applying the e-GMAT 3-step process so very well. The only thing that I would like to see is the sentence structure analysis. But I believe you are doing that in your head in order to arrive at the meaning of the sentence.
Now let's come to your doubt. I have presented the complete sentence with Choice D below:

The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is a landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.

The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is a landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.

In this sentence the colored entities are noun modifiers. The former "blue" modifies "recent birth". The latter (the green one) modifies the "recent birth" as well. I am not sure why you felt that there is a noun + noun modifier in this choice.

Regards,
Payal

Thanks Payal for the clarification.

I actually got confused with a long modifier.

So, Noun + Noun Modifier can modify the whole clause or any noun of the preceding clause
and Noun Modifier WILL modify only the nearest noun right?
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2015, 09:01
Can someone explain what kind of modifier "landmark development for the ..." is. Can we consider it noun+noun modifier?
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2015, 09:08
Ergenekon wrote:
Can someone explain what kind of modifier "landmark development for the ..." is. Can we consider it noun+noun modifier?

If we take the correct option which is option D)

D) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is

here landmark jundgment is the part of the clause.
The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo is landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.

So it is not a modifier at all. In fact landmark is the adjective for noun - > Development.

Any specific questions you have?
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2015, 08:09
kinjiGC wrote:
Ergenekon wrote:
Can someone explain what kind of modifier "landmark development for the ..." is. Can we consider it noun+noun modifier?

If we take the correct option which is option D)

D) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is

here landmark jundgment is the part of the clause.
The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo is landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.

So it is not a modifier at all. In fact landmark is the adjective for noun - > Development.

Any specific questions you have?

Thanks. However, I meant it in E.
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2015, 11:38
Ergenekon wrote:
kinjiGC wrote:
Ergenekon wrote:
Can someone explain what kind of modifier "landmark development for the ..." is. Can we consider it noun+noun modifier?

If we take the correct option which is option D)

D) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is

here landmark jundgment is the part of the clause.
The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo is landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.

So it is not a modifier at all. In fact landmark is the adjective for noun - > Development.

Any specific questions you have?

Thanks. However, I meant it in E.

That is a noun modifier.

Noun + Noun modifier will come when we have a Noun + a modifier that modifies the preceding noun.

For example, if the wording had been "A landmark development that/(or a verb-ed or a verb+ing modifier)" , it would have been "Noun + Noun Modifier"

Hope it helps.
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2015, 00:38
Yes, I know this construction. However, what confuses me is that "for the effort" is also a modifier. So I thought maybe it applies to it too.
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2015, 00:50
3
Ergenekon wrote:
Yes, I know this construction. However, what confuses me is that "for the effort" is also a modifier. So I thought maybe it applies to it too.

For is a preposition and it talks more about the noun.

The construction here is Adjective + Noun + Prepositional phrase.

yes, prepositional phrase modifies the noun but I haven't seen this construction applied to "Noun + Noun Modifier" construction.

I think "Noun + Noun Modifier" construction requires that/Verb+ing /Verb+ed construction. Those constructions I have seen plenty in GMAT.
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2015, 01:05
kinjiGC wrote:
Ergenekon wrote:
Yes, I know this construction. However, what confuses me is that "for the effort" is also a modifier. So I thought maybe it applies to it too.

For is a preposition and it talks more about the noun.

The construction here is Adjective + Noun + Prepositional phrase.

yes, prepositional phrase modifies the noun but I haven't seen this construction applied to "Noun + Noun Modifier" construction.

I think "Noun + Noun Modifier" construction requires that/Verb+ing /Verb+ed construction. Those constructions I have seen plenty in GMAT.

Thanks kinjiGC. So we can conclude that the most important thing is constructions, not an actual modifier
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2015, 01:55
Ergenekon wrote:
kinjiGC wrote:
Ergenekon wrote:
Yes, I know this construction. However, what confuses me is that "for the effort" is also a modifier. So I thought maybe it applies to it too.

For is a preposition and it talks more about the noun.

The construction here is Adjective + Noun + Prepositional phrase.

yes, prepositional phrase modifies the noun but I haven't seen this construction applied to "Noun + Noun Modifier" construction.

I think "Noun + Noun Modifier" construction requires that/Verb+ing /Verb+ed construction. Those constructions I have seen plenty in GMAT.

Thanks kinjiGC. So we can conclude that the most important thing is constructions, not an actual modifier

I guess so. I am yet to see this type of construction as Noun + Noun Modifier. If you find any such things, do let me know. I will update my knowledge It's all about GMAT Land rules
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2017, 19:47
sivasanjeev wrote:
A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity of that species in more than a century, making it a landmark development for the effort to save the endangered animal.

A) A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity of that species in more than a century, making it
B) A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, and as the first birth of that species in captivity for more than a century, it is
C) A Sumatran rhinoceros recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, as the first birth for that species in captivity for over a century, is
D) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity for that species in over a century, is
E) The recent birth of a Sumatran rhinoceros, as the first birth in over a century of that species in captivity, took place in a Cincinnati zoo,

A) "The first birth" refers to the "zoo."
B) "And" changes the meaning of the sentence. "It" has no clear antecedent.
C) The rhino "is" not literally "a development."
D) Correct.
E) The "zoo" is not a "landmark development."
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Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2018, 23:51
Hi Daagh

Doubt in this sentence::

A) A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo, the first birth in captivity of that species in more than a century, making it

doesn't making it refer to the first birth in captivity -- or does it refer to the Sumatran Rhinocerous -- please can you explain?

Is it that the first birth is just a modifier and thus we ignore that sentence and thus making it refers to the Rhinocerious?

I thought the "making it" refers to the previous sentence

daagh wrote:
The Rhinoceros is not a landmark development; the recent birth in captivity is. Hence ABC fall because of improper modification.

Between D and E, E is faulty without a working verb: Hence D is the choice
Re: A Sumatran rhinoceros was recently born in a Cincinnati zoo &nbs [#permalink] 01 Jan 2018, 23:51
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