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# An economic recession can result from a lowering of

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Director
Joined: 12 Oct 2008
Posts: 508
An economic recession can result from a lowering of [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2009, 18:19
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An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which cause cutbacks in consumer spending, starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.

I know that this question has discussed 'n' number of times then also I have some doubt in this....OA of this question is C....however how come 'which' refers to investment in C, as per my understanding goes it should refere to drop and not investment. what is wrong in E? D is wrong since cycle is singular so it should be leads and not lead.
Manager
Joined: 10 Jan 2009
Posts: 107
Re: SC" question discussed number of times [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2009, 23:51
An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which cause cutbacks in consumer spending, starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.

I guess, you have underlined more than what was there in the original sentence.
Kindly refer: http://gmatclub.com/forum/11-t32511&start=0

Here goes my explanation:
-------------------------
1.) The word 'back' is redundant as the word 'cycle' is self-sufficient.
2.) The word 'back' is redundant as the word 'cycle' is self-sufficient.
3.) This option removes the redundant word 'back' and uses the correct verb form 'cause' for 'employment rates'.
4.) The word 'back' is redundant as the word 'cycle' is self-sufficient. In my opinion, the word 'lead' is fine because it's dictated by the word 'layoffs' and not 'cycle'.
5.) I feel that the usage '...rates that are triggered by' is verbose and unnecessary; we can use just '...rates triggered by'.
-------------------------

Hope that helps.
_________________

+++ Believe me, it doesn't take much of an effort to underline SC questions. Just try it out. +++
+++ Please tell me why other options are wrong. +++

~~~ The only way to get smarter is to play a smarter opponent. ~~~

VP
Joined: 18 May 2008
Posts: 1203
Re: SC" question discussed number of times [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2009, 04:33
U r right in saying that C removes redundancy but still reply2spg is correct in saying that which modifies investement and not employment rates. i also dnt agree with OA
Technext wrote:
An economic recession can result from a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and start a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

a lowering of employment rates triggered by dropping investment, which causes people to cut consumer spending and starts a cycle of layoffs leading back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates triggered by a drop in investment, which cause cutbacks in consumer spending, starting a cycle of layoffs that lead to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing people to cut consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs that lead back to even lower employment rates.

falling employment rates that are triggered by a drop in investment, causing cutbacks in consumer spending and starting a cycle of layoffs leading to even lower employment rates.

I guess, you have underlined more than what was there in the original sentence.
Kindly refer: http://gmatclub.com/forum/11-t32511&start=0

Here goes my explanation:
-------------------------
1.) The word 'back' is redundant as the word 'cycle' is self-sufficient.
2.) The word 'back' is redundant as the word 'cycle' is self-sufficient.
3.) This option removes the redundant word 'back' and uses the correct verb form 'cause' for 'employment rates'.
4.) The word 'back' is redundant as the word 'cycle' is self-sufficient. In my opinion, the word 'lead' is fine because it's dictated by the word 'layoffs' and not 'cycle'.
5.) I feel that the usage '...rates that are triggered by' is verbose and unnecessary; we can use just '...rates triggered by'.
-------------------------

Hope that helps.
Manager
Joined: 10 Jan 2009
Posts: 107
Re: SC" question discussed number of times [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2009, 06:47
Hi ritula,

As per my understanding, the word 'which' should refer to its closest noun or phrase but I had no other option than to chose option 3 because others were definitely wrong.

Furthermore, if at all the word 'which' is referring to it's closest word or phrase (just preceding it), then 'which' should have been followed by 'causes' and NOT 'cause'. To add, I think 'which' is referring to the phrase 'drop in investment' and not just the word 'investment'.

To conclude, I would say that the sentence needs restructuring and/or correction but if these were the only options, I would have definitely gone for option 3.

I very much hope that it helps this time...please don't say it didn't.

Regards,
Technext
_________________

+++ Believe me, it doesn't take much of an effort to underline SC questions. Just try it out. +++
+++ Please tell me why other options are wrong. +++

~~~ The only way to get smarter is to play a smarter opponent. ~~~

Re: SC" question discussed number of times   [#permalink] 12 Feb 2009, 06:47
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# An economic recession can result from a lowering of

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